Causes of leg cramps



Causes of leg cramps

Contents:

  • Causes of seizures
  • Seizures are caused by clubfoot
  • Leg cramps at night with polyneuritis
  • Leg cramps in varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, pregnancy
  • Night muscle cramps legs for hypoparathyroidism
  • Reason for nocturnal convulsions – hemorrhoids
  • Treatment of seizures by elimination of vitamin deficiency
  • Exercises for the prevention of convulsions
  • Treatment of nocturnal convulsions with folk remedies

Seizure manifests by involuntary contractions or excessive napr zheniem one or more muscles. It happens in calves, abdomen, hands. Often the legs are brought down at night. The cause of seizures is overfatigue, nervous tension, monotonous sedentary work, prolonged walking or swimming, dehydration of the body, various diseases.

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Causes of seizures

Causes of leg cramps

With clonic a variety of convulsions, muscles quickly contract and relax. Tonic variety is characterized by prolonged muscle tension.

Both varieties are accompanied by some infectious diseases, intoxications, poisoning, craniocerebral trauma, neuroses, metabolic disorders, heart disease, blood, vitamin and micronutrient deficiency.

If a cramp occurs quite often over a long period, you need to see a doctor to determine the cause.

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Although the exact reasons why the calf muscle cramps occur at night are still unclear. They happen even in the absence of serious diseases.

One of the possible reasons is dehydration of the body . The moisture is lost in the summer heat, in a hot steam room, with intensive sports training. Increases sweating, the body loses a lot of fluid.

In the treatment of hypertension, heart failure is prescribed diuretics . They can also cause cramping of calves at night, as the body loses the trace elements of potassium, magnesium, sodium, necessary for correct contraction and relaxation of the muscles, transmission of a nerve impulse.

Another reason why the legs cramps is considered to be a violation of the balance of the exciting and inhibitory signals entering the gastrocnemius muscle, as well as an increased reflex to reduce it.

This happens with a decrease in the formation of adenosine triphosphate acid ( ATP ), causing metabolic processes inside the slow muscles of the lower limbs to deteriorate, reducing their ability to relax.

Exchange processes slow down with a change in blood viscosity, vascular pathology, muscle fatigue, increasing the reflex to contraction, one of the causes of leg cramps. This happens when doing fatigue is quite ordinary work.

Involuntary muscle contractions provoke various factors: fever, stress, calcium deficiency.

Febrile convulsions occur when the temperature rises to high values ​​of +38 .. + 39C, usually in infectious diseases. The reason is the poisoning of the body with the products of the life activity of microbes.

The cause of affective-respiratory seizures becomes severe stress. Under the influence of adrenaline, breathing quickens, which leads to a decrease in the level of carbon dioxide and spasmodic muscle contractions.

Convulsions are caused by clubfoot

Causes of leg cramps

A common cause of convulsive muscle contractions in the calves is clubfoot when the heel is tilted inward and causes a curvature in the ankle joint. The defect is especially noticeable in high-heeled shoes.

Over time, the legs begin to tire quickly, they feel heavy, the calves, knees hurt, the veins of the feet and legs turn out to be wider. At nights, legs numb, freeze, convulsions occur. Spurs can form, posture worsen.

Leg cramps at night with polyneuritis

Causes of leg cramps

When polyneuritis nerves are affected. The cause is viral diseases, intoxications, hypovitaminosis, metabolic disorders in diabetes mellitus.

The disease is accompanied by nocturnal cramps of the legs, tingling sensation on the skin, “creepy”, sometimes numbness.

The head hurts or is spinning, the hearing decreases, in the cardiac region there is discomfort, irritability increases.

Leg cramps in case of varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, pregnancy

Causes of leg cramps

With varicose veins the veins widen, reaching a considerable diameter. The disease occurs when weakening the venous valves, causing the blood to excessively stagnate and stretch the walls of the veins.

A common cause is a sedentary lifestyle, a hereditary predisposition, slagging of the body, causing weakening of the walls, reduced circulation of fluid in excess weight or pregnancy, the consequence of hormonal changes, taking birth control pills, and prolonged daily resting.

Caviar swollen, causing nighttime cramps. Skin can get on your skin, it hurts, itches, fatigue is constantly felt in them.

In order to stimulate circulation, prevention of nocturnal cramps, it is worth giving physical exercise to the legs, making walks. Special elastic stockings are shown. It is necessary to abandon a tight belt or belt, get rid of the habit of sitting leg by foot, since in this position the outflow of venous blood worsens.

Stagnation of blood with varicose veins can cause thrombophlebitis , inflammation of the vein wall and its full plugging. Often, this complication of varicose disease, which causes the destruction of venous valves, occurs during pregnancy.

The organism is reconstructed, the outflow of blood is disturbed due to compression of the venous plexus by the uterus. Under the action of hormones, the walls of the veins become softened, damaged by sudden changes in pressure inside the vessels during labor fights.

The cause of convulsions in the legs during pregnancy becomes venous insufficiency. By the evening swelling of feet, shins, in the calf muscles is felt heaviness, at nights convulsive contractions occur. With an unintentional trauma to the veins, a bruise is formed. In later terms, the veins of the lower leg, thighs, and also the perineum dilate, which can cause profuse bleeding during labor.

Night leg cramps in hypoparathyroidism

Causes of leg cramps

The parathyroid ( parathyroid ) glands are located near the neck in the immediate vicinity of the thyroid gland. They regulate the phosphoric acid metabolism in the body. Sometimes the failure of the function is caused by their damage during surgery on the thyroid gland.

Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism are manifested by spasm of muscles, including respiratory, stop cramps, fingers. The stomach or belly hurts, the chair liquid, sometimes there is an allergy. All around starts to irritate without cause, there are nervous breakdowns, sleep is getting worse.

The cause of painful, repeatedly recurring gastrocnemius spasms is the lack of calcium caused by hypoparathyroidism.

Calcium is found in dry milk, cheese, soy, nuts, cabbage, parsley, cream, yoghurt, beans, cottage cheese. The daily requirement is 1000-1500 mkg. The deficit is manifested by the fragility of the nails, reduced resistance to diseases, memory impairment, coagulability of blood.

Calcium is especially needed for diet lovers, during pregnancy, during adolescent development.

If the cause of convulsions is associated with hypoparathyroidism, vitamin D is needed to treat calcium and phosphorus, which regulates the exchange of these elements.

Vitamin D rich in cod liver oil, cod liver, herring, tuna, cheese, cottage cheese.

The cause of nocturnal cramps – hemorrhoids

Causes of leg cramps

With sedentary sedentary lifestyles, constipation, lifting the veins of the rectum dilate and jam.The disease develops with a deficiency in the diet of magnesium, vitamins C, K, R.

When pain or bleeding occurs during defecation, leg cramps, bruises on the body, it is necessary to eliminate the magnesium deficiency.

Magnesium is found in wheat bran, sunflower seeds, pumpkin, nuts, soy, lentils. Vitamin C rich in fresh vegetables and fruits, tomatoes, sweet peppers, dill, sorrel, lemons, oranges, black currant.

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Vitamin K is found in green plants, liver, walnuts, cabbage. In addition, it is produced by the microflora of the intestine. If the diet is fed enough fiber, the walls are not contaminated and the balance is not disturbed, the body receives a sufficient amount of vitamin K.

Vitamin P is a part of rose hips, red peppers, oranges, grapes, black currants.

Treating cramps by eliminating vitamin deficiency

Causes of leg cramps

If there is insufficient intake of vitamin B1 ( thiamine ), depression becomes more frequent, fatigue increases, memory worsens, leg cramps occur. The cause of the deficit is the abuse of diets, diabetes.

Cereals, legumes, potatoes help to eliminate the lack of vitamin B1.

Deficiency of vitamin B6 ( pyridoxine ) causes cramps in the legs, loss of appetite, muscular dystrophy. Contained in cereals, legumes, bran, coarse flour, milk, meat, fish, brewer’s yeast.

For the treatment of nocturnal leg cramps, it is worth taking vitamin E (tocopherol). The recommended daily allowance is 10-20ME, for medicinal purposes it increases.

The intake of vitamin E removes circulatory disturbance of the lower limbs – the cause of seizures, helps in the fight against fungal diseases, is useful to the eyes, adds energy and attractiveness.

Exercises for the prevention of cramps

Causes of leg cramps

To prevent the legs from falling off at night, regardless of the causes of convulsive contractions of the lower limbs, it is useful to do some simple exercises before going to bed.

To stretch the leg muscles, put the front part of the feet on a small ledge (low stack of magazines), stick to the table or chair:

  • Press the heels to the floor, stand for 10-20 seconds.
  • Repeat the exercise by sliding the socks together, the heels apart.
  • Repeat the exercise, but now the socks apart, the heels together.

When approaching the cramps, pull the socks over to stretch and relax the calves.

What if I still got a leg? Stand up, take your leg back together, put your fingers on the floor and gently push the weight of the body to relax the caviar.

Treatment of nocturnal convulsions with folk remedies

Causes of leg cramps

  • To eliminate convulsive contractions of muscles, apply warm honey to calves, wrap your feet. After 30 minutes, rinse.
  • Coat the soles for the night with fresh lemon juice , allow to soak. To be treated 1-2 weeks.
  • To treat varicose veins, rub the natural vinegar with natural vasculitis, take two times a day for 2 tsp. vinegar in a glass of clean water. To be treated month.
  • To the legs did not cramp, stir egg yolk , 1 ч.л. turpentine , 1с.л. apple cider vinegar . Rub the ointment into the calves at night.
  • To get rid of cramps rub your feet mustard powder .
  • Mix one part of the juice celandine with two parts Vaseline , apply with convulsive muscle contractions.

If the calves of the legs are reduced, the compositions based on the goatee’s gooseberry are useful:

  • Brew with 3-4 liters of boiling water. grass , simmer for 5 minutes, allow to cool, drain. To drink a decoction during the day in several receptions.
  • Pinch grass brew a glass milk , let it brew. Take it hot 3 times a day.
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