Causes of nausea



Causes of nausea

Contents:

  • Signs of lightheadedness
  • Pregnancy and menstruation
  • Headache, nausea and dizziness
  • If it hurts after eating
  • How to get rid of nausea folk remedies

Surely everyone has remembered the sensation from childhood when, when riding a carousel, the head is spinning. In this case, there is a discrepancy between the signals received from the eyes and from the receptors responsible for maintaining and maintaining the balance. They are located in the so-called labyrinth of the inner ear. The brain copes worse with incoming information, which causes nausea and dizziness.

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Signs of lightheadedness

When discomforts, there is an uncomfortable sensation in the epigastric region and pharynx caused by the preparation for a possible exit of the contents of the stomach or duodenum outside.

This reflex act is called vomit and is regulated by the vomiting center that in the medulla oblongata . During vomiting, the esophagus widens, and the stomach relaxes, its entrance opens. The movement of vomit occurs when the abdominal muscles contract. Types of vomiting:

  1. central (nervous, cerebral) is due to a particular disease of the brain, its tumor, trauma of the skull, migraine, stress, neurosis, lesion of the labyrinth of the inner ear, where the receptors of equilibrium are located.
  2. hematogenous-toxic is caused by ingestion of poisons, toxins of various origin ( fungi , alcohol , influenza , antibiotics ), including as a result of self-poisoning of the body, for example, in renal insufficiency;
  3. cause visceral variety is associated with a particular pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. It is usually observed after eating in case of gastritis , peptic ulcer , cholecystitis , pancreatitis .

Nausea and subsequent vomiting can be caused by a mass of causes. Some of them are:

  • a change in the hormonal level when onset pregnancy or before menstruation;
  • overstrain of the neck muscles , causing discomfort in the nape and temples, the cause of subsequent fainting and dizziness;
  • trauma of the skull ;
  • violation due to various reasons cerebral circulation ;
  • headaches with migraine , increased blood pressure ;
  • dizziness as a result of motion sickness , with sea sickness ;

  • food and other poisoning , the consequences of alcohol abuse;
  • intestinal infection ;
  • diseases of the digestive system.

Given that it can mutate under various diseases and pathological conditions, nausea and vomiting is studied by a special field of medicine emetology . In particular, its achievements are used to improve the quality of life of patients after radiation or chemotherapy.

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Pregnancy and menses

Causes of nausea

In women, one of the causes of nausea in the morning is the onset of pregnancy. Typically, nausea occurs early in the course of time, starting at week 6 and ending at 12-13 weeks, in the case of twins, the timing may increase to 15 weeks. The main cause is considered to be gestosis ( toxicosis ) . In addition, in this period there is a significant change in the functioning of the female body, a sharp increase in the level of hormones.

Some people are convinced that the toxicosis is most pronounced if the boy is expected, although this does not always correspond to reality.

It is not uncommon to vomit from morning until noon, and the sight, the aroma of food does not cause disgust. Several times a day can snatch, but this condition almost does not affect the weight of the unborn child.

Anxiety causes nausea, accompanied by vomiting of the order of 10 times a day. There is weakness, the pulse may rise, the pressure becomes below normal. In this case it is recommended to lie in the hospital for some time.

In rare cases, nausea rolls right after eating, food is almost not retained in the stomach, weight decreases. Treatment is required under the supervision of doctors, as the child ceases to receive the necessary nutrition for healthy development.

Toxicosis is not a disease, it is possible to reduce its manifestations by selecting a diet, and also avoiding the factors causing lightheadedness. Often begins to feel sick for various reasons, all individually: the aroma of soap, men’s toilet water, tobacco smoke, cooking in the oven chicken.

Nausea may occur before the onset of menstruation, the cause of discomfort in this case may be birth control pills that cause hormonal imbalance. In some cases, the cause is the violation of the female cycle due to high sports or physical exertion, an excessively rapid decrease in body weight according to a particular diet.

Headache, nausea and dizziness

Causes of nausea

Often even in perfectly healthy people, nausea occurs, the cause of which is a long-term hanging out in an uncomfortable position. Neck of the shoulders, neck, there is pain in the back of the head, soon it spreads to whiskey, starts to stir up, dizzy.

In the case of imperfect vision, the cause of the tension in the cervical spine may be incorrectly selected glasses. For example, to read information from the screen of the monitor with acceptable clarity, shortsighted, you have to bring your head to a comfortable distance. In this case, the visual and muscular tensions are mutually aggravated, becoming after some time the cause of nausea and faintness. The head starts to hurt, dizziness may appear.

Tension of the neck muscles is caused by stress, fatigue, experiences for a variety of reasons. Increased muscle tone of the neck is often associated with negative experiences or depression. In addition, stress can cause a deficiency or an overabundance of oxygen in the blood, a common cause, because of which it makes you sick.

The cause of discomfort can be osteochondrosis , this disease is treated by a neuropathologist or a more narrow specialist vertebrologist .

Weakness, malaise, dizziness at night or in the mornings can be a sign of a headache tumor or brain . To exclude this diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo tomography, and at the same time to be examined, revealing the true cause of morning sickness.

Causes of headaches at different times of the day, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dizziness, may result in a brain injury, bruise or brain edema, resulting in increased intracranial pressure.

In case of migraine there are paroxysmal head pains, vomiting. Before the eyes may appear glare, there is increased sensitivity even to the usual light, moderate sounds. Can fever, there is a general weakness. For about an hour the brain experiences oxygen starvation due to vasospasm. Then they expand, causing a throbbing headache.

The head also hurts when hypertension . Discomfort is felt in the temples, the back of the head, the pain is pulsating. Vessels in the head are narrowed, which gives the goosebumps before my eyes, makes a noise in my ears. In the case of hypertensive ( hypertonic ) crisis the pressure rises sharply, the head hurts and dizzy, nausea and vomiting are frequent due to increased intracranial pressure.

The cause of nausea may be increased sensitivity of the receptors of equilibrium located in the ear maze. Some begin to muddle even when using the elevator. More prolonged exposure causes seasickness , accompanied by headache, weakness, increased sweating.It starts to vomit, the pressure rises or falls.

If it hurts after eating

Causes of nausea

Irritation of the gastric mucosa and subsequent vomiting is a natural reaction of the body to eliminate discomfort. This reaction can cause alcohol , aspirin .

Often it is troublesome after eating in the case of a disease of the digestive system.

For example, if stomach ulcer the mucosa is damaged, the painful condition is accompanied by heartburn, belching, abdominal pain. Gastric juice has an irritating effect, why it starts to vomit.

If the не не ;

In the case of food poisoning, the contents of the stomach appear outside after some time after ingestion, the condition is aggravated by diarrhea, weakness, malaise.

Such intestinal infection as botulism, is accompanied by diarrhea, turbidity and vomiting, the temperature rises, the stomach hurts. Violation of visual acuity, in the eyes of two, worsening speech. A common cause of the disease are canned mushrooms.

In case of infection <style

The so-called rotavirus gastroenteritis , or gastric ( intestinal ) influenza , is characterized by severe pain in the abdomen. As a rule, children are ill before the age of two. Nauseous and vomits several times a day, the temperature rises. After a while, there is diarrhea.

Infection with dysentery is caused by a bacterium of the genus shigella . Once in the large intestine, it causes inflammation of its walls, the cause of the loose stool, usually green, with pus, mucus and blood. There is also nausea, vomits, no appetite, headache.

In acute and chronic form <cholecystitis , gallbladder inflammation, the temperature rises, begins to hurt on the right side of the abdomen, often giving to the scapula or the right shoulder. Appetite is not present, there is a headache, a heartburn, toshnit and tears, in a mouth the bitterness is felt.

One of the causes of inflammation of the pancreas, pancreatitis , is an obstruction of the bile duct. As a result, the enzymes produced by the pancreas, which in normal conditions are in the duodenum, prematurely activate and begin to digest the gland itself, causing its inflammation. In the upper abdomen there is acute shingling pain. Nauseated, especially after eating, the stomach swells, the head turns spinning, there is a specific liquid stool. Particular discomfort is caused by eating fried, fatty or spicy foods, weight in the absence of appetite quickly decreases.

How to get rid of nausea with folk remedies

Causes of nausea

If the discomfort is often repeated or too long, lasting a week or more, appropriate treatment. And only then take this or that remedy.

Mint oil , obtained from leaves, remarkably soothes and relaxes. It normalizes digestion, eliminates nausea, stimulates the secretion of bile. In some cases, it may cause rejection during pregnancy.

Infusions of mint normalize appetite, help with gastritis with high acidity, hypertension, spasms of the stomach and intestines, with flatulence, migraine, nausea, painful menstruation.

<style is used for aromatherapy, only wormwood in small amounts is used for rinsing or inhalation. The aroma of the plant helps to eliminate the symptoms of seasickness, overcome nausea.

Infusion is used to eliminate nausea, flatulence, normalization of appetite, in case of neuroses, headaches, relieve nervous tension and fatigue.

For the preparation of infusion 1 p.s. Herbs brew in a glass of boiling water for 20 minutes. Take no more than two glasses a day as a tea, adding honey to taste.

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