Diagnosis of ADHD in a child, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity – how to recognize ADHD?



Diagnosis of ADHD in a child, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity - how to recognize ADHD? In the middle of the 19th century, a German specialist in the field of psychoneurology (note – Heinrich Hoffman) assessed the child’s excessive mobility. After the phenomenon was studied quite actively and widely, and since the 60s this state was translated into the category of “pathological” with minimal brain dysfunction.

Why ADHD? Because is the basis of hyperactivity – it is attention deficit (inability to concentrate).



What is hyperactivity and ADHD?

  • The main causes of ADHD in children
  • Symptoms and signs of ADHD, diagnosis
  • Hyperactivity – or activity, how to distinguish?
  • What is hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder – the classification of ADHD

    In medicine, the term “hyperactivity” refers to the inability to concentrate and concentrate, constant distraction and excessive activity. The child is constantly in a nervous-excitable state and terrifies not only strangers, but also his own parents.

    The activity of the baby is normal (well, there are no children sitting quietly all childhood in the corner with markers).

    But when the child’s behavior passes certain limits, it makes sense to look at and think about whether it’s just capriciousness and “motor”, or it’s time to go to a specialist.

    What should parents do about a naughty child, and what is childish disobedience?

    ADHD should be understood as the syndrome of increased activity (note – physical and mental), against which excitation always prevails over inhibition.

    This diagnosis, according to statistics, puts 18% of children (mostly boys).

    How is the disease classified?

    For dominant symptoms, ADHD is usually divided into the following types: ADHD, in which hyperactivity is absent and attention deficit prevails. Usually occurs in girls, characterized in particular by an excessively turbulent fantasy and a constant “whirling in the clouds.”

  • ADHD, in which excessive activity predominates, and attention deficit is not observed. This type of pathology is very rare. Is manifested due to CNS disorders or individual characteristics of the child.
  • ADHD, in which hyperactivity coexists with attention deficit. This form is the most common.
  • Also note the difference in the forms of pathology:

    • Simple form (excessive activity + absent-mindedness, inattention).
    • Complicated form. That is, with the attendant symptoms (disturbed sleep, nervous tic, headaches and even stuttering).

    ADHD – how is diagnosis done?

    If you suspect a pathology, you should refer to such children’s specialists as psychologist and neurologist , as well as psychiatrist .

    After usually send for consultation to the ophthalmologist and epileptologist , to speech therapist and endocrinologist , to LOR .

    Naturally, at the 1 st visit and examination of the child no one can diagnose (if still put – look for another doctor).

    Diagnosis of ADHD is very difficult and time-consuming: in addition to talking with doctors, monitoring the behavior of the child, performing neuropsychological testing, applying modern methods of examination (EEG and MRI, blood tests, echocardiography.)

    Why is it important to consult a specialist in a timely manner? , that under the “mask” of ADHD, other, sometimes very serious, diseases are often concealed.

    Therefore, having noticed in your child of this kind of “strangeness”, go to the chair of pediatric neurology or to any local specialist center of neurology for examination.

    Diagnosis of ADHD in a child, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity - how to recognize ADHD?

    The main causes of CEDD in children

    “Roots” of pathology lie in the impaired function of the subcortical nuclei of the brain, as well as its frontal areas, or in the functional immaturity of the brain. The adequacy of information processing is a failure, as a result of which there is an excess of emotional (as well as audible, visual) stimuli, which leads to irritation, anxiety, etc.

    Often the ADHD tab is still in the womb.

    The reasons that give rise to the development of pathology, not so much:

    • Smoking of the future mother in the process of bearing the fetus.
    • Presence of threat of termination of pregnancy.
    • Frequent stress.
    • Lack of proper balanced nutrition.

    Also, the decisive role can be played:

    • The birth of a baby is premature (note – up to the 38th week).
    • Swift or stimulated, as well as protracted labor.
    • The presence of neurologic pathologies in the baby.
    • Heavy metal poisoning.
    • Excessive severity of the mother.
    • Unbalanced children’s diet.
    • Heavy situation in a house where crumbs grow (stresses, quarrels, constant conflicts). Genetic predisposition.

    Well, of course, it should be understood that the presence of several factors at once seriously increases the risk of pathology. Symptoms and signs of ADHD in children by age – diagnosis of hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder in a child

    Unfortunately, the diagnosis of ADHD among Russian specialists leaves much to be desired. There are a lot of cases when this diagnosis is put to children with psychopathy or signs of sheer schizophrenia, as well as with mental retardation.

    Therefore, it is important to pass the examination of professionals who clearly understand – what methods are used to diagnose, what to exclude immediately, how the manifestation of pathology depends on age, etc.

    Equally important – correctly evaluate the symptoms (not yourself, but the doctor !).

    ADHD in crumbs up to 1 year – symptoms:

    • Stormy reaction to all kinds of manipulation. Excessive excitability.
    • Delay in the development of speech.
    • Disturbed sleep (too long awake, sleeps poorly, does not lay, etc.).
    • Delay in physical development (note: 1-1.5 months).
    • Increased sensitivity to bright light or sounds.

    Of course, do not panic if this symptomatology is a rare and single phenomenon. It is also worth remembering that the crankiness of the crumbs at such a young age can be the result of a change in diet, growing teeth, colic, etc.

    ADHD in toddlers 2-3 years old – symptoms:

    • Relapse.
    • Difficulties with fine motor skills.
    • Inconsistency and chaotic movements of the baby, as well as their redundancy when there is no need for them.
    • Delay in the development of speech.

    At this age, the signs of pathology have the property to manifest themselves most actively.

    ADHD in preschool children – symptoms:

    • Inattention and poor memory.
    • Inconsistency and absent-mindedness.
    • Difficulty in the sleeping period.
    • Disobedience.

    All toddlers at the age of 3 years are stubborn, capricious and excessively capricious. But with ADHD such manifestations are significantly exacerbated. Especially at the time of adaptation in a new team (in kindergarten).

    ADHD in school children – symptoms:

    • Lack of concentration.
    • Lack of patience when listening to adults.
    • Low self-esteem.
    • Appearance and manifestation of various phobias.
    • Unbalance.
    • Enuresis.
    • Headaches.
    • The appearance of a nervous tic.
    • Inability to sit quietly for a while on the 1 st place.

    Usually, such students can see a serious deterioration in the general condition: with ADHD the nervous system simply does not have time to cope with the large volume of school loads (physical and mental).

    Diagnosis of ADHD in a child, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity - how to recognize ADHD?

    Hyperactivity – or is it just activity: how to distinguish?

    Moms and dads ask this question quite often. But there is still the possibility of dissociating one state from another.

    You just need to watch your child.

    • The hyperactive kid (GM) can not control himself , constantly on the move, arranges tantrums with fatigue. The active kid (AM) loves moving games, does not like to sit still, but with interest and pleasure he quietly listens to a fairy tale or collects puzzles.
    • GM often, much and emotionally says. At the same time he constantly interrupts and, as a rule, seldom hears the answer. AM also speaks quickly and a lot, but with a less emotional color (without “obsession”), and also constantly asks questions, the answers to which, for the most part, listen to the end.
    • GM is extremely difficult to lay down to sleep, and he sleeps badly – restless and with interruptions to moods. There are also allergies and various intestinal disorders. AM sleeps well, and does not experience digestion problems.
    • GM unmanaged. Mom can not “pick up the keys to him.” The prohibitions, restrictions, exhortations, tears, contracts, etc. the child simply does not respond. AM is not very active outside the house, in the familiar environment “relaxes” and becomes a “mom-tormentor”. But you can pick a key.
    • The GM provokes conflicts itself. Curb aggression and emotions, he is not capable. Pathology is manifested by fighting (biting, shoving, throwing objects). AM is very active, but without aggression. He is just with the “motor”, inquisitive and vigorous. It can not provoke a conflict, although the surrender is given in a certain case – very much even.

    Of course, all these signs are relative, and children are individual.

    Categorically it is not advisable to put your own diagnosis to your child . Remember that even one simple pediatrician or neurologist with experience to put such a diagnosis alone and without examinations can not – you need a full diagnosis of specialists.

    If your toddler is impressionable, curious, agile and does not give you a moment of peace – it still does not say anything!

    Well, one positive point is “on the stick”:

    Often children, turning into adolescents, “step over” this pathology. Only 30-70% of children go into adulthood.

    Of course, this is not a reason – to give up on the symptoms and wait until the child “outgrows” the problem. Be attentive to your children.

    All the information in the article is given solely for educational purposes, it may not correspond to the specific circumstances of your child’s health, and is not a medical recommendation. Site сolady.ru recalls that you should never delay or ignore the call to the doctor!

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