Folic acid during pregnancy

Folic acid during pregnancy


  • Why folic acid is prescribed for pregnant women
  • Causes of Deficiency
  • Dosage and Duration of Admission
  • Folic Acid Preparations
  • Table of Products with Folic Acid
  • Harm and contra-indications

Vitamin B9 is necessary for cell division, DNA synthesis, strengthening of immunity, normalization of the digestive system. He participates in the formation and development of the fetus, the formation of the placenta. The daily requirement for folic acid in the planning and during pregnancy increases and is 600 mg.


For which pregnant women are prescribed folic acid

Folic acid during pregnancy

Vitamin B9 is involved in the formation of nucleic acids, the processes of transmission of hereditary traits. It is necessary for the development of the fetus, the health of the nervous tissue, which is especially important in prenatal development.

Folic acid is recommended for use in planning and during pregnancy to prevent malformations of the neural tube of the fetus. According to the results of the research, this measure significantly reduces the risks:

    premature birth;
  • breakthrough of the amniotic membrane;
  • placental abruption;
  • miscarriage;
  • defective development of the spinal cord and brain;
  • lag in mental development;
  • congenital malformations;
  • birth of a dead child.

Optimal intake of folic acid is necessary for the prevention of anemia, digestion of sugar and amino acids, prevention of blood clots, better separation of milk, overcoming anxiety, eliminating postpartum depression, improving digestion, transport and decay of proteins.


Causes of Deficiency

Folic acid during pregnancy

Special mucosal enzyme, activated by zinc, releases vitamin B9 from food, it is absorbed into skinny or ileum gut. A small amount synthesizes the intestinal microflora.

The necessary female body during the planning and during pregnancy, folic acid accumulates liver . It is also a part of red blood cells and leukocytes.

Fasting, diets without the receipt of foods rich in vitamin B9, unbalanced diet reduce the synthesis of red blood cells in the bone marrow, as well as the level of hemoglobin.

As a result of the deficit, immunity weakens, fatigue occurs more quickly, nervous excitability increases. Become weak hair, dry skin, loss of appetite. Fully reserves of vitamin B9 in the body are depleted after three to four months.

In pregnancy, a deficiency of folic acid aggravates:

  1. lack of appetite for reasons of nervous nature;
  2. toxicosis, accompanied by abundant frequent vomiting.

Folate deficiency is caused by absorption disorders in the intestine, various abnormalities in liver metabolism, diseases accompanied by liquid stool.

Stocks of vitamin B9 reduces the abuse of pre-pregnancy alcohol, prolonged use of antibiotics, sulfonamide, anticonvulsant, contraceptives, and aspirin.

Deficiency of folate during planning and during pregnancy can lead to anemia with inflammation on the lips, tongue, grayish-brownish pigmentation of the skin. The intake of iron preparations in this case does not lead to a cure.

Lack of vitamin B9 leads to more severe toxicosis, frequent depressions, pain in the legs.

Dosage and timing of admission

Folic acid during pregnancy

Adult every day you need to get with food up to 300mg of folic acid. When planning and during the entire period of pregnancy the norm is doubled and is 600 mkg.

Three months before the onset of pregnancy, as well as during the carrying of the child to eliminate the deficit, doctors recommend increasing the daily dose.

In case of a pronounced deficit, the dosage can be increased to a limit of 5000 μg. Treatment is prescribed by the doctor after examination and blood test for folate cycle .

It should be remembered that the use of antibiotics can lead to underestimated levels of folate of plasma and red blood cells.

About excessive intake of vitamin B9 signals insomnia, cramps, stomach aches, reduced concentration of vitamin B12.

Folic acid preparations

Folic acid during pregnancy

врач For the elimination of deficits, as well as during planning and during pregnancy, the doctor can prescribe artificially synthesized folic acid preparations:

  1. Mamifol;
  2. Folacin ;
  3. Folic acid;
  4. 9 months Folic acid.

They are inexpensive and in a short time help to normalize the indicators.

In some cases, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, irritability may occur, a bitterish taste develops in the mouth, puchit. It is necessary to stop the use or reduce the dosage, consult a doctor.

Table of products with folic acid

Many people are convinced that folic acid and folate mean the same thing. In fact folates are folate salts, they are rich in fresh leaves of green plants ( folium (lat.) – leaf ). During heat treatment, 50-90% of vitamin B9 is destroyed.

A balanced diet completely covers the needs of the body in folic acid, additional intake during pregnancy of synthesized drugs in the form of tablets is not required.

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Table 1. Folic acid (folate) content in food products
Products (100 g) Content (μg)
Beef liver 260
Peanut 240
Sunflower seeds 237
Pork liver 225
Spinach 194
Parsley 152
Chicory leaves 110
Beet 109
Walnut 98
Savoy cabbage 80
Leek 64
Broccoli 63
Brussels sprouts 61
Cauliflower 57
Pumpkin seeds 57
Pepper Bulgarian 53
Almonds 40
Beans 36
Celery 36
Buckwheat 32
Green onions 30
White cabbage 22
Eggplant 18
Pumpkin 14
Zucchini 14
Soy sauce 13
Green peas 12
Tomato 11
Root ginger 11

Harm and contraindications Therefore, in this period it is especially important to eat every day a little fresh greens and legumes, i.e. get a vitamin with products in the form of folates.

This measure will help prevent the child from heart disease, malignancies, attention deficit or hyperactivity syndromes.

Use of artificial folate drugs helps before and during pregnancy to quickly eliminate the deficit.

More and more specialists express doubt about the benefits of taking artificial B9 vitamin – first of all, for the health of the future child.

The release of folate from natural products prevents cancer, positively affects the transfer of hereditary information to DNA. The long-term consequences of ingestion of artificial folic acid in pregnancy are poorly understood.

According to some studies, taking vitamin B9 tablets by 20-50% increases the likelihood of breast cancer in women taking artificial folic acid during pregnancy. The child has an increased likelihood of asthma, the development of heart disease.

The use of pre-treated or pre-treated meat products that are subjected to industrial processing also increases the risk of developing a child’s leukemia or brain tumor.


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