How to increase hemoglobin



How to increase hemoglobin

Content:

  • Why it is important to raise hemoglobin to normal
  • Blood hemoglobin rate
  • Symptoms of decreased hemoglobin
  • Causes of anemia
  • How to increase hemoglobin in case of iron deficiency states
  • Products that increase hemoglobin in the presence of folic acid deficiency
  • How to increase hemoglobin during pregnancy
  • Treatment of anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency

Frequent weakness, rapid fatigue, lack of appetite, drowsiness, heart rhythm disturbances, – these signs can signal that it is required to raise hemoglobin, its level is below normal. In case of deficiency of iron intake, the skin becomes dry, cracks form in the corners of the mouth, hair growth slows down, they become brittle and sparse. To eliminate the painful condition, you need to know how to increase hemoglobin in the blood. Will help vitamin complexes, adjusting the diet.

Why it is important to raise hemoglobin to the norm

How to increase hemoglobin

, red blood cells of human blood, contains a protein compound with iron atoms. In the body it takes various forms:

  • form in conjunction with oxygen is called oxyhemoglobin , it gives the arterial blood a bright red color;
  • the so-called reconstituted form when oxygen has appeared in the tissues;
  • carboxyhemoglobin , a form in conjunction with carbon dioxide, causing venous blood to acquire a darker shade.

The main function of hemoglobin is to deliver oxygen from the lungs to the body’s cells, to bind a certain amount of carbon dioxide and transport it back to the lungs.

Elevated levels in the blood are typical for residents of the highlands, climbers, whose body is adapted to rarefied air, poor oxygen. Thus, low hemoglobin rises after exercise or an intense walk.

The norm of hemoglobin in the blood

Having given a general blood test , you can find out whether or not the received values ​​differ from the norm. Norms are the following values:

  • for men 130-160 g / l, lower limit 120, upper – 180 g / l;
  • for women 120-140 g / l, in pregnant women the lower limit of the norm is 110 g / l;
  • in children the indicators depend on the age, up to 18 years they gradually rise to normal “adult” values.

Symptoms of low hemoglobin

How to increase hemoglobin

As it is known anemia or anemia is not a disease, but rather a symptom of a health pathology caused by low hemoglobin and accompanied by a decrease in the number of red blood cells.

Common signs of anemia are:

  • sleep disorder;
  • rapid onset of fatigue;
  • excessive white skin and mucous membranes, “cyanotic” lips;
  • frequent dizziness;
  • rapid onset of shortness of breath;
  • cramps in the legs;
  • the heart begins to “fragment”.

Before applying this or that treatment, something to change in the diet, it is worthwhile to understand the causes of decreased hemoglobin.

Causes of anemia

How to increase hemoglobin

If anemia is caused by a lack of iron in the body , a perverted appetite appears. I want to eat earth , clay , paper , chalk , inhale unpleasant sharp smells gasoline , paints , moist tobacco ash . Nails become concave, inflamed mucous. The child can start to lag behind in growth and development, becomes inhibited, more often sick.

Skin is made dry, cracks appear on it, nails become brittle, hair falls out. Muscle fibers weaken, which causes random urination. A characteristic sign of iron deficiency is sensitivity to cold, cold hands and feet are constantly cold, colds regularly occur.

Less common reasons why hemoglobin falls:

  • Anemia is often caused by a deficiency of vitamin B9, folic acid .A common cause of the shortage is intestinal surgery, long-term use of medications against seizures like phenobarbital , alcohol consumption. The need for an increase in hemoglobin in the blood can cause prolonged feeding of goat’s milk, since there is little vitamin B9 in it. To cope with anemia, in this case it is better to use milk formula or donor milk.
    Adults in this case have increased fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, frequent palpitations, tongue becomes inflamed, appetite disappears, the head hurts or dizs, memory worsens, irritability and icteric condition appear.
  • Increase of hemoglobin is required in case of long-term vitamin B12 deficiency . This type of anemia is manifested by disorders of coordination of movements . Often changes gait, there is stiffness, clumsiness. Impaired touch, feel the false tingling of the skin. The language becomes bright red, “lacquered.”
  • Anemia can cause an acute or chronic form of hemolytic anemia , a group of diseases in which mass destruction of erythrocytes causing a decrease in hemoglobin occurs. At the same time, the activity of the organism for the recreation of red blood cells is sharply increased. The signs of these diseases are red or brown color of urine , yellowness of the skin and sclera of the eye , delay in the development of the child. Often there are symptoms similar to cholelithiasis .

A more accurate cause of anemia can be determined by a hematologist treating the disease of the blood system. As a rule, you will have to pass a biochemical blood test to make a diagnosis .

The cause may be in violation of the assimilation of certain vitamins or trace elements. For example, due to dysbacteriosis , permanent nervous stress , metabolic disorders . In this case, complex treatment is prescribed.

In most cases, to raise hemoglobin, it is enough to adjust the diet, take the appropriate vitamins.

To increase hemoglobin, a doctor can prescribe medications:

  • Sorbifer Durules , tablets contain iron and vitamin C, which improves its absorption;
  • Fenules , capsules containing iron and a complex of vitamins;
  • Maltofer , available in the form of iron-containing drops, syrup or chewable tablets.

How to increase hemoglobin in the case of iron deficiency states

How to increase hemoglobin

In this type of anemia, hemoglobin increase requires nutrition with the predominance of the so-called divalent heme iron , since this form is fully absorbed by the body. Its a lot in meat, mainly in kidneys and liver .

Plant food, as a rule, contains trivalent non-haem iron . There are many in legumes , buckwheat , whole grains , parsley , nettle .

Vitamin C is needed to convert the trivalent form into divalent. It is sufficient in green, but when fed with legumes, it is better to take them along with vegetables with a high content of vitamin C.

The ration of the iron content is raspberry . To increase hemoglobin, the following products also help:

  • pork and beef liver;
  • veal;

  • spinach;
  • buckwheat;
  • wheat bran;
  • Hercules;
  • grenades;

    Prunes;

  • apples;
  • plum;
  • peaches;

  • dried apricots;
  • rose hips;
  • brewer’s yeast;
  • cocoa;
  • seafood;
  • baked potatoes;
  • black currant;
  • cranberries;

  • nuts.

Increase hemoglobin can be a mixture of beet and carrot juice in equal parts, taken by 1/2 cup per day. Before mixing the beetroot juice from fresh roots, it is necessary to stand for a couple of hours.

Effective pomegranate juice , but its reception can cause difficulties when visiting the toilet.

Do not use iron-containing foods with calcium , because this micronutrient slows down its absorption. It is necessary to refuse or reduce the intake of coffee , black tea , cheese .

Products that increase hemoglobin in the presence of folic acid deficiency

How to increase hemoglobin

As a rule, proponents of plant nutrition food receive a sufficient amount of vitamin B9, folic acid. Its a lot in beef liver , legumes , especially in sprouts. And also in citrus , lettuce leaves , tomatoes , cabbage , melons , watermelons , apples , green onions , peas , beets , carrots , , buckwheat , wheat , walnuts , yeast , curd , cheese , liver , egg yolk , grapes , garnets , apricots , black currant , bananas , kiwi , turnips .

If the intake of these foods is balanced and sufficient, folic acid is synthesized by the microflora of the large intestine, an increase in hemoglobin is not required.

Vitamin B9 is rapidly destroyed by sunlight and also by heat treatment. On the other hand, varieties of legume products that raise hemoglobin in fresh form contain substances that prevent the splitting of proteins and thereby inhibit digestion. Therefore, for better digestion and to avoid possible meteorism, legumes should be consumed in a spoiled form.

It turns out that only 50g of germinated grains of wheat contain a daily vitamin B9. In the process of germination, the amount of folic acid in the product increases by 4 times, the concentration of other useful substances increases. First of all, B vitamins, vitamin E, the necessary sexual function and the proper functioning of the muscles. In addition, the useful product has a high content of chromium , lithium , potassium , iron .

Contraindication of the use of sprouted wheat germ is stomach ulcer .

Lack of folic acid causes abuse coffee , tea , smoking , alcohol .

How to increase hemoglobin during pregnancy

How to increase hemoglobin

Vitamin B9 is especially necessary in pregnancy, because it regulates the formation of nerve cells of the embryo, helps increase hemoglobin. It is necessary to start taking folic acid before conception, continuing the course for several weeks after the onset of pregnancy. It turns out that even when the recommended 400 mg is given, the risk of having a child with insufficient development of the spinal cord or brain is reduced by 70%.

It is useful to take special vitamin complexes, produced for expectant mothers. Do not worry about overdosing. It comes, if at a time take about 20 tablets. Possible surpluses for 2-3 tablets are taken naturally. To be afraid is not an overdose, but negative consequences for the health of the future child, which can lead to a lack of intake of an important acid.

If there is nausea, if the stomach starts to swell, it can not sleep and a bitter aftertaste appears, you should lower the dose or stop taking the vitamin preparation temporarily.

Treatment of anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency

How to increase hemoglobin

In case of anemia caused by a deficiency in the intake of biologically active substances called cobalamins , it is useful to include in the diet such foods as veal or beef liver , oysters , herring , sardines , salmon , egg yolks , soy products .

Significantly less content of this vitamin in pork meat , beef , chicken , solid cheese varieties , seafood . Quite a bit in sea kale , milk , herbs and vegetables .

In the case of nutrition mainly vegetable food should include in the diet of vitamin complexes that make up the deficiency of vitamin B12 and thereby causing an increase in hemoglobin.

For better assimilation of vitamin B12, sufficient intake of calcium необходимо is necessary, so it is worth including dairy products in the diet.

The source of cyanocobalamin are beer shakes , they can be purchased at the pharmacy. With their regular intake of vitamin B12 begins to be produced by the body, causing an increase in hemoglobin.

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