How to treat cystitis



How to treat cystitis

Contents:

  • Symptoms, signs of cystitis in women and men
  • Causes of acute and chronic cystitis
  • How to treat acute cystitis
  • How to treat chronic cystitis
  • How to treat cystitis folk remedies

An inflamed bladder causes pain in the lower abdomen, often want to go to the toilet. Discharges acquire an unpleasant odor. To quickly eliminate symptoms and achieve recovery, you need to contact a urologist, since cystitis should be treated under the supervision of a doctor. Otherwise, the disease can go into a chronic form.

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Symptoms, signs of cystitis in women and men

In the initial stage, I constantly want to go to the toilet, up to 40-60 times a day. Urination is painful, accompanied by a burning, intensifying upon completion. To go, you need to concentrate. Isolations are few, they are opaque, sometimes contain blood, pus, acquire a foreign saturated smell. There is no feeling of complete emptying.

Similar symptoms are often observed in women after irritating the opening of the urethra with coarse toilet paper. Such a sign of cystitis, like frequent urination, is sometimes caused by an allergy to personal hygiene items: deodorant, soap, its components, even paint, which is painted with toilet paper.

Symptoms of the disease provoke a bad habit of enduring, forgetting during work about everything, or an objective impossibility to perform urination.

Often the next day, the symptoms of cystitis weaken, it becomes noticeably better. But all the same it is necessary to address to the doctor-urologist, instead of to be engaged in a selftreatment. After self-treatment at home, there are often repeated exacerbations, the disease turns into a chronic form. Especially dangerous if the infection is in the kidneys.

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As a rule, acute cystitis is accompanied by fever only in small children or with an inflammatory process in the kidneys.

After the beginning of treatment, the symptoms of cystitis go through 7-10 days, the patient becomes much easier. If the recovery does not occur after 2-3 weeks, it is necessary to find the reason why the inflammation of the mucosa of the bladder persists.

Symptoms and signs of a chronic form of cystitis are similar to acute, but less pronounced. In addition, the walls of the bladder are affected, connective tissue grows, polyps or cysts are formed.

Causes of acute and chronic cystitis

How to treat cystitis

As it is known, antiseptic properties of urines prevent pathogens from getting accustomed and multiplying in the bladder. Its mucous membrane is quite resistant to pathogens, but this ability deteriorates under the influence of harmful substances released in the urine.

The need to treat cystitis is often called a decrease in immunity . The defenses of the body weaken as a result of overfatigue, hypovitaminosis, hypothermia, disrupted metabolism, and transmitted diseases.

The cause of cystitis can be a rare visit to the toilet , especially men. In the case of too long breaks, the infection is not removed in time and eventually ends up inside the bladder.

Often, the need to treat cystitis in women and men is caused by a stagnation of blood in the lower abdomen due to prolonged sedentary work, constipation, the wearing of excessively tight underwear by women, spasm as a result supercooling.

The cause of cystitis are various bacteria, viruses, chlamydia, mycoplasmas, trichomonads, staphylococcus, streptococcus, proteus, E. coli, other microorganisms.

In the bladder, the infection penetrates through the urethra, the kidneys, the lymphatic system, and the blood.

  • Women have to treat cystitis more often than men. Infection is easier to penetrate into the bladder due to the proximity of the female genital organs to the anus. In addition, the female urethra is shorter than the male. In girls 4-12 years old, the disease is diagnosed three times more often than in boys.
  • Inflammatory process in the kidneys rarely causes a cystitis. It is necessary that the mass of bacteria is excreted in the urine.
  • Through the lymphatic system infection occurs in the bladder with inflammation of the female genital organs ( endometritis , parameter ).
  • Infection through the blood is possible after a recent infectious disease or if there is a focal spot in the body.

Reason <cystitis in men is often associated with inflammation of the prostate or in the urethra.

Inflammation of the bladder can develop after insertion of the catheter . Particular danger is experienced by pregnant women and women after childbirth, when the tone of the urinary tract is lowered. And also men suffering from a delay in urination due to prostate adenoma.

Often, chronic form of cystitis has to treat pyelonephritis, get rid of stones and tumors, narrowing of the urethra, prostate adenoma, supporting the inflammatory process in the bladder.

Recurrent inflammation often provokes an incomplete cystitis treatment , which makes it necessary to fight with more resistant to microorganisms during exacerbation. Not completely cured sexually transmitted diseases ( syphilis , chlamydia ) can also cause a relapse of inflammation of the bladder.

How to treat acute cystitis

How to treat cystitis

First of all, it is necessary to stop the spread of infection, which is achieved by taking medications prescribed by a doctor. Do not self-medicate at home on the advice of a girlfriend or a neighbor. Elimination of clinical manifestations of the disease can cause a chronic form. Medical examination and diagnosis are also necessary to take into account possible contraindications for medications.

Treatment of an acute form of cystitis is performed at home. Requires bed rest, taking antimicrobials and antibiotics. Usually, the following drugs are prescribed for cystitis: Furadonin , Furagin , Gramurin , Nitroxoline . Antibiotics: Phosphomycin , fluoroquinolones.

To restore urination to the doctor’s prescription, use Methylene blue , antiseptic and analgesic for oral administration. In chronic form it is also used for washing the bladder. In the acute form of the disease, any rinsing is strictly forbidden. This drug is prescribed in combination with antispasmodics ( No-Shpa ), analgesics ( Analgin ).

If there is no blood in the urine, the pain can be removed by relaxing the muscles of the bladder. The condition is facilitated by a warmer on the suprapubic area, a warm sedentary bath, No-Shpa , a rectal candle with Papaverin . Blood indicates damage to the mucosa. Relaxation of the musculature in the lower abdomen by the listed means will intensify bleeding.

We recommend an abundant drink up to 2 liters per day, preferably clean water. Tea, coffee, alcohol increases the irritation of the bladder and urethra. Alkaline juices that reduce the acidity of urine are shown. From the diet to exclude sharp, acidic, salty foods, spices, seasonings, smoked products, canned food, fried, flour, alcohol. The menu is based on milk and vegetable food, rich in protein.

Medication can significantly improve the condition after only 3-4 days. Treatment of cystitis lasts up to 10 days.After another 2-3 weeks it is recommended to limit the acute dishes, take infusions of medicinal herbs.

How to treat chronic cystitis

How to treat cystitis

When chronic form of the disease treatment is selected individually. As a rule, recovery takes a considerable time, half a year or longer.

The doctor prescribes cures for cystitis: antibiotics, sulfonamides, antimicrobial agents.

The bladder is regularly washed with solutions of furacilin, potassium permanganate, silver nitrate, sea-buckthorn or dogrose oil, medicinal agents (antibiotic solution, nitrofurans).

Physiotherapeutic procedures are applied: ultrasound treatment, the introduction of drugs using phonophoresis and electrophoresis.

How to treat cystitis with folk remedies

How to treat cystitis

From herbal raw materials at home, it is not difficult to prepare formulations that have a diuretic or bactericidal effect. Treatment of cystitis with folk remedies must always be agreed with the doctor.

  • Pour 20g mint 1.5 liters of boiling water, simmer 5 minutes, insist. Take 1 glass 3 times a day for a month.
  • Brew 1sp. dill a glass of boiling water, you can with seeds, insist 30 minutes. Take 1/3 cup for half an hour before meals.
  • Grind 2 tsp. seeds parsley , pour a glass of boiling water and simmer in a water bath for 10 minutes. When the infusion cools, drain. Evenly distribute 5-6 one-time reception for 1 second. during the day, regardless of the time of eating.
  • Brew 2 tablespoons. leaves yarrow a glass of boiling water, simmer for 20 minutes, insist half an hour, strain. Take 1 tsp. 3 times a day after meals.
  • Pour 20g leaves mother-and-stepmother a liter of boiling water. Take half a cup 3-4 times a day.
  • Brew 2 tablespoons. Spore with a glass of boiling water, insist 2 hours. Take 1 tsp. 3 times a day.
  • Cope with frequent urge to urinate helps bark of oak : brew 1g of bark in a glass of boiling water, simmer over low heat for 15 minutes, insist half an hour, drain. Take 1 tsp. 3 times a day.
  • Brew 2 tablespoons. field horsetail a glass of boiling water, insist 2 hours. Take 3 p.s. 3-4 times a day.
  • Mix the same amount of honey and seeds celery . Take 1 hour. 3 times a day.
  • Brew a glass of boiling water 1с.л. flowers chamomile , insist an hour, drain. Take 1 tsp. three times a day.
  • To drink carrot juice .
  • Pour 25g of roots of wheatgrass in a glass of boiling water. Stir in a water bath for 10 minutes, drain through an hour. Take 1 tsp. before meals.
  • Brew 1sp. dried leaves plantain a glass of boiling water, insist 2 hours. strain. Take 1 tsp. for half an hour before meals.
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