Choosing things to update the wardrobe, we rarely think about how safe they are for the body. As a rule, the main criteria of choice are the aesthetics of the thing and its price. It is not surprising that an allergy is then found in the form of a permanent cold or a rash on the body.
Is it worth buying synthetic clothes, and how to choose it with the least risk to health? The content of the article:
- Composition of synthetic fabrics for clothing and linen
- Synthetic clothing minuses
- Synthetic clothing advantages
- Rules for choosing and caring for synthetic clothes Composition of synthetic fabrics for clothes and linen
The earliest synthetic fibers became known in 1900, when the synthesis of petroleum products was first carried out and polymers were obtained, on the basis of which synthetic garments were subsequently produced. The first patent was issued in the 30s of the 20th century, and already in 1938 the industrial production of such clothes began.
And, if in the sixties synthetics was perceived by us as a cheap substitute for high-quality natural fabric, today, buying synthetics, we can not even notice it.
Fibers of synthetic and natural cotton fabrics
Composition of synthetic clothing – what do our dresses and pantyhose make of?
New technologies are regularly introduced in the production of artificial threads.
Moreover, today in bright fabrics not only products of oil refining, but also constituents of metals, coal and even natural gas are converted. For the year 2017, more than a few thousand fibers of the chemical composition were invented!
All synthetics, according to their chemical structure, are divided into …
- Heterochain (note – from carbon, sulfur and chlorine, fluorine, nitrogen and oxygen): polyamide and polyester fabrics, as well as polyurethane .
- Carbocce (note – from carbon atoms): polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene, polyacrylonitrile and polyvinyl alcohol.
There are more than 300 types of synthetics for today, but more often than not we find on the store shelves things from the following materials:
- Likra (note: polyurethane synthetics). In trade, the names spandex and neolan, elastane and dorlastan are also used. Features: ability to reversibility of mechanical deformations (stretching and returning to the initial state); loss of elasticity with a strong temperature increase. It should be noted that in pure form, polyurethane yarns are not used. As a rule, they are used as a basis, threading on top of other fibers. Such things do not crumple, retain elasticity, color and form, “breathe”, are resistant to abrasion.
- Capron (note: polyamide synthetics). The names used in the trade are helanka and jordan, apron and taslan, as well as meril and anid. The most popular representatives of this group are nylon and kapron. The latter, by the way, once replaced silk, used for parachute fabrics. Polyamide yarns are used in the production of tights and leggings. The presence of nylon and caproin in fabric only by 10% significantly increases the strength of the fabric, without deteriorating the hygienic characteristics. Features: does not rot, holds shape, has lightness and high strength, has low resistance to high temperatures, does not hold heat, does not absorb moisture, accumulates static electricity.
- Lavsan (note: polyester synthetics). Names in trade: tergal and dacron, polyester and lavsan, trevira and terylene. Such fibers are often used in the manufacture of curtains or, with the addition of natural fibers, to create costume fabrics, coats or faux fur. Features: wear resistance, high heat resistance.
- Acrylic (note: polyacrylonitrile synthetics). Or artificial wool. Names in the trade: nitron and acrylic, dolan and kashmilon, orlon and dralon.Used for furniture fabric, artificial fur, mattresses. Features: resistance to burn-up and high temperatures, lack of spools, lightness and strength.
- Dainema and the spectrum (note: polyolefin synthetics). The names in the trade are: meraklon and found, spectrum and ulcer, herkulon and tekmilon. Used for sportswear, upholstery, tarpaulins and carpets. And also for socks and underwear when adding natural fibers. Features: lightness, low hygroscopicity, high thermal insulation, almost zero extensibility, low temperature stability.
- Polyvinylchloride synthetics. Names in trade: Vignon and chlorine, Teviron. They are used for sewing work clothes, artificial fur / leather, carpets. Features: resistance to aggressive “chemistry”, instability to temperature, shrinkage after temperature / processing, low electrical conductivity.
- Polyvinyl alcohol synthetics. It can include mtilan and vinylon, kuralon and wine, vinalon. Used to produce laundry and socks in combination with viscose and cotton; for surgical threads, home textiles, sportswear and so on. Features: strength and resistance to light and temperature, high hygroscopicity, low resistance to chemical attack.
It happens (and, unfortunately, not infrequently) that manufacturers, in pursuit of the cheapening of the product, change the technological process, or even use prohibited components. There were cases when clothes, as a result of examination, found carcinogens and formaldehydes, which exceeded the norm by 900 times.
There are many cases in Russia, when children and adults suffered from poor-quality synthetics.
Therefore, when choosing clothes from synthetics should be taken into account and the manufacturer (to acquire synthetic items “for pennies” in the transition or the market around the corner should not be).
Cons of synthetic clothing – what can damage synthetic clothes or underwear?
Experts unanimously recommend abandoning the things that consist of synthetic fibers by 100% . Contact with such tissues can lead not only to dermatitis or allergies, but also to more serious consequences.
The maximum allowable rate of synthetics in the fabric is not more than 30%.
What are the disadvantages of synthetic fabrics?
- Accumulate static electricity. It seems to be a trifle – a crackle, a spark, but according to research conducted, the negative effects of static electricity have both for the nervous system and for the heart. And then we wonder why the head hurts, the sleep is broken and the pressure jumps.
- Rapid tissue contamination by microorganisms. Many people do not know that between synthetics fibers spores of fungi and mold grow very quickly, which, when they get onto mucous membranes, cause serious diseases. This is one of the reasons why gynecologists recommend buying linen exclusively from natural fabrics.
- Causes dermatitis, itching, allergies. And in the presence of harmful components can cause serious diseases, including asthma, chronic allergies and so on.
- Low hygroscopicity. That is, poor quality of moisture absorption. If you consider that the skin is peculiar to allocate sweat, which needs to evaporate somewhere, this quality of synthetics is one of the reasons to refuse it. With such tissue properties, a convenient environment is created for the propagation of harmful bacteria with all the ensuing consequences.
- Violation of the natural heat exchange of the body and the lack of full-fledged air exchange.
- Accumulation of unpleasant odors (fairly rapid).
- Low-quality washing.
- Long-term release of volatile fiber components , including toxic, when ironing. Such components can be allocated within a year.
To whom is synthetics contraindicated?
- First of all, allergic people.
- People with skin problems.
- For children, future and lactating mothers.
- With hyperhidrosis .
It is worth noting that most of these drawbacks are of the lowest quality and cheap garments, consisting of synthetic almost completely, or 100% .
The advantages of synthetic clothing – when clothes made of synthetics can be more useful than clothes made from natural fabrics?
Is there a quality synthetics?
Yes, there is.
We can say more: modern fabrics made of synthetic fibers are mostly hypoallergenic, and have a lot of advantages:
- Health safety.
- High strength.
- Long service life without loss of quality.
- Breathable fabric composition.
- Absorption of moisture and accelerated evaporation.
- Presence of granules with antibacterial, tonic or even fat burning properties.
- Wear resistance.
- Unfamiliarity with putrefaction, infection with molds or pests.
- Color and shape stability.
- Quick drying.
Modern synthetics does not stretch and does not sit down, does not crumple and is easily rubbed off . It serves for years, and the product’s appearance remains original.
Of course, such things are not cheap, and a thin blouse made of artificial silk can strike a wallet for 5000-6000 rubles.
However, things that are “closer to the body”, after all, it is recommended to choose from natural fabrics , but for synthetics.
15-20 years ago we did not really care about the harm of synthetics for the body, gladly buying up bright blouses, dresses flashed on the shelves and children’s tights with suits.
Even children are aware of the harm of synthetics, and doctors are alarmed by the growing number of allergies and other victims of poor-quality materials (including Chinese dishes, building materials, etc.).
How to choose things from synthetics to protect your health?
- We study the label. The minimum share of natural fibers in the composition is 70%. If synthetics are more than 30% – we put the thing back on the shelf and look for another.
- Estimate the appearance – look for a marriage, check the thing for the smell, analyze the paint on the fabric. If there is an unpleasant smell from a thing, we boldly renounce it. Remember that washing from toxic components in the fabric does not save you – they will stand out each time when washing, ironing, etc.
- We take into account seasonality. The fleece sweatshirt keeps the heat well and will suit for the winter, and the nylon raincoat – for rainy autumn, but in the summer synthetics are completely unnecessary and even contraindicated.
- Appointment of things. Any things that are constantly in contact with your skin must be 100% or at least 70% made up of natural fibers. That is, socks, underwear, T-shirts and shorts are only natural. Pajamas made of synthetics are also a bad option. But for sports, quality synthetic is simply irreplaceable. Moreover, modern synthetic fabrics not only preserve air exchange and regulate heat exchange, but also absorb sweat, thanks to special microfibres and impregnations. Among the leaders in the quality of such clothes, one can note Puma and Adidas, Rioq, Lotto and Umbro. As for outerwear, it can also consist entirely of synthetics. The main thing is that you sweat in it.
And, of course, rely only on proven manufacturers , who value their reputation.
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