Pharyngitis, symptoms and treatment



Pharyngitis, symptoms and treatment

Contents:

  • Symptoms and treatment of various forms of pharyngitis
  • Symptoms and treatment of pharyngitis in acute form
  • Symptoms and treatment of chronic pharyngitis
  • How to treat children’s pharyngitis
  • Treatment of pharyngitis at home

Diseases of the throat show themselves in their own way. For example, pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous throat, hence the name. A pharynx in Latin – pharynx (pharynx) . The end of “it” indicates the inflammatory nature of the disease. Non-specialists often confuse symptoms and treatment of pharyngitis, considering it to be only an angina. Although this is not true, in addition, the area of ​​mucosal lesions in this case is much broader.

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Symptoms and treatment of various forms of pharyngitis

Pharyngitis, symptoms and treatment

First of all, the common causes of the disease are irritating to the mucous: cold, prolonged conversation, smoking, too hot or spicy food, inhalation of a red-hot pair and so on.

The cause may be secretions with inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which flow down the back wall of the pharynx and irritate it. Symptoms are also observed in the case of viral infections. For example, it can be influenza, ARVI. In children, inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa may be associated with scarlet fever or measles. In some cases, it is irritated by the ingress of bacteria into the body.

A common cause of allergic pharyngitis is the inhalation of industrial emissions, as well as vehicle exhaust. Often this happens in people who are forced every day to breathe polluted and dusty air, saturated with a huge number of various allergens. Symptoms in this case – swelling of the posterior pharyngeal wall, dryness and perspiration appear.

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To determine the right treatment, you need to identify the cause of the disease.

Symptoms and treatment of pharyngitis in acute form

Pharyngitis, symptoms and treatment

Symptoms of acute pharyngitis manifest painful sensations when swallowed, they can respond in the ear. In the throat it sates and pershit. There is a fever, and the children suffer a worse disease than adults. As a rule, the nasopharyngeal mucosa becomes inflamed, rhinitis is diagnosed. The posterior wall of the pharynx is covered with a purulent discharge.

Treatment is performed by eliminating the factors that caused pharyngitis. That is, if the cause is bacteria, antibiotics will be required. The patient is strongly advised to stop smoking. Also it is necessary to refuse irritating food. Rinses Ingalyptom or Cameton 3-4 times a day are recommended. Inhalation, rinsing with sage, chamomile or calendula is necessary.

For treatment, you need to use absorbable tablets or topical sprays. For example, you can use tablets for resorption Strepsils Plus . This antibacterial drug has an antimicrobial and anesthetic effect. It is active against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms in vitro. In addition, it has an antifungal effect. Tablets need to dissolve in the mouth until they are completely dissolved. You can also use Pharyngocept , Falimint , Laripront .

Usually, in order to eliminate the symptoms of pharyngitis in an acute form, antibacterial topical preparations are sufficient, except for cases caused by group A streptococcus. These cases are manifested by such symptoms as inflammation of the tonsils, enlarged lymph nodes on the neck. Can start fever, cough no. Effective treatment requires antibiotics of systemic action – for example, amoxicillin .

Symptoms and treatment of chronic pharyngitis

Pharyngitis, symptoms and treatment

Unlike the acute form, the symptoms of chronic pharyngitis are much less pronounced. As a rule, the patient practically does not experience discomfort, the body temperature remains normal. But the mucous membrane is constantly in an inflamed condition, which makes perspiration and you want to clear your throat.

This kind of pharyngitis can be provoked by the following factors:

  • curved nasal septum and other difficulties of breathing through the nose, because of what you have to constantly breathe through your mouth;
  • flowing down the back of the pharynx mucus, which is the consequence of a chronic disease in the nose. As a result, an inflamed condition is maintained there;
  • exposure to the fungus;
  • neglect of measures to increase the body’s immunity;
  • cervical spine disease – osteochondrosis;
  • pathology of the gastrointestinal tract – chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer;
  • diseases of the thyroid gland.

If the chronic form is caused by one or more of the factors listed above, they must be eliminated. Otherwise, local treatment will be short-lived and ineffective.

In case of fungal attack, pharyngitis can be caused by a prolonged intake of antibiotics, chronic tonsillitis, intestinal dysbacteriosis. There is redness, visible plaque grayish white. Symptoms are coughing, tickling, tingling, it becomes painful when swallowing.

Treatment of the chronic form is performed after correct diagnosis:

  • With hypertrophic form symptom is an increase in lymphatic formations at the back and side of the pharynx. It is necessary to use enveloping astringents.
  • Symptom of catarrhal form is redness. It is treated with local antiseptics.
  • Atrophic form is diagnosed in the case of thinning of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. It if possible moisturize and soften.

Chronic form is treated for 10-12 months, while using an integrated approach.

How to treat baby pharyngitis

Pharyngitis, symptoms and treatment

In case of illness in the child, it is recommended to perform the following treatment:

  • rinsing with antiseptic compounds (eucalyptus, rotokan) several times a day;
  • 2-4 times a day to water the throat with a spray Cameton , Inhaliptus , Hexoral ;
  • Dissolve tablets of local action ( Pharyngocept , Falimint , Laripront ).

Obviously, it’s impossible to get rid of pharyngitis in very young children by the listed methods, because they do not know how to gargle and dissolve tablets. It is necessary to give abundant drink. Sprays should be used very carefully, after reading the instructions or performing the appointment of a doctor. The fact is that with the treatment of sprains in small children, a throat spasm can occur.

Treatment of pharyngitis at home

Pharyngitis, symptoms and treatment

At the first signs of pharyngitis, it is better to consult a doctor, he will make all the necessary appointments. This is how you should treat your health without exposing it to the risk of improper self-treatment.

It is also worthwhile to follow simple recommendations:

  • give up hot food;
  • not to drink hot drinks;
  • abandon the use of spices, spices;
  • it is useful to drink more warm liquids with honey.

Using beekeeping products – honey, propolis – allows you to cure pharyngitis, providing local effects, and strengthen the health of the entire body. It can be lubrication with propolis-based products, rinsing with a solution, drinking warm milk with honey. You can make honey inhalations: a liter of boiling water drops a tablespoon of honey, the composition is stirred.

Treatment of folk methods in the case of hypertrophic form is reduced to rinsing infusions of oak bark, bark of a viburnum or willow, birch leaves. Inflammations are effectively removed by melissa broths. Remarkably softens raw potato juice.

Treatment with rinses and inhalations

  • Folk remedies for pharyngitis recommend rinsing with infusion of chamomile or sage. For the preparation of the infusion, it is necessary to take 1 h. dry grass, pour a glass of boiling water, insist for an hour. After filter, cool to a comfortable temperature and rinse several times a day.
  • Treatment at home can be performed not only by rinsing, but also by inhalation. For example, in the case of an acute form, you need to mix the leaves of sage, chamomile, eucalyptus and marigold. Then pour 2 hours. mix with a glass of boiling water and breathe over it for five minutes several times a day.
  • When using oil inhalation, 5-7 drops of essential oil are poured into a glass of boiling water. You need to breathe for 5-7 minutes twice a day.
  • At home, pharyngitis is aided by an oil solution of propolis. To do this, 40 g propolis finely scraped and poured 100 g of peach or plum oil. The mixture is put in a warm place for a week. The bank should be shaken 2-3 times a day. After 7 days, the mixture must be filtered and treated with oil inhalation.

Treatment of chronic form in the case of mucosal atrophy

  • For the elimination of pharyngitis, inhalations with essential oils are indicated, which soften and prevent the drying of the mucosa. For treatment, you can use peach, olive, menthol oil, as well as rose petals. A few drops of oil to pour a glass of boiling water and breathe for a few minutes.
  • You can make soda inhalation. One tsp. Drink soda pour a glass of boiling water, breathe twice a day.
  • It is useful to make a composition of leaves of raspberries (5g), St. John’s wort (3g), mint (10g) and nettles (5g). A glass of boiling water is taken 10g of the mixture, it is infused for an hour. In each tablespoon before the reception should add 2-3 drops of alcohol tincture of propolis. Take 2 p.s. 3 times a day for an hour before meals.
  • Cope with pharyngitis helps infusions of blueberries, you can brew the leaves of the plant. Infusions rinse your throat or add to warm tea, which is drunk several times a day.
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