Symptoms of pneumonia



Symptoms of pneumonia

Contents:

  • Types of pneumonia
  • Causes of pneumonia
  • Symptoms and treatment of pneumonia in young children
  • Treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics
  • Concomitant treatment of pneumonia
  • Folk remedies pneumonia

The onset of pneumonia is not difficult to be confused with a viral infection. Symptoms of pneumonia are manifested by coughing, runny nose, slight increase in temperature, weakness. As a rule, treatment of an imaginary cold is not very effective. The temperature rises, there is pain in the chest, when cough sputum separates from pus and mucus. The reliability of the diagnosis is confirmed after examination of the sputum or the contents of the bronchi.

Types of pneumonia

Inflammation of the lungs happens on its own or as a complication of other diseases. Affected by pathogenic or conditionally pathogenic microflora alveoli – air sacs of the lungs – become inflamed, filled with mucus, pus, thus impairing respiratory function.

Pathogen

бак Bacteria become the cause of pneumonia. There are pneumococcal , streptococcal , staphylococcal , Friednender , hemophilic , pseudomonasal form, as well as forms caused by prosthesis , E. coli .

The disease is caused by viruses – influenza , adenovirus , parainfluous forms.

Lung inflammation occurs due to rickettsia – intracellular parasites, as well as allergies , infestations helminths , exposure to external psychological, physical, chemical factors.

The cause of pneumonia is Mycoplasma – the smallest bacteria, more than a dozen of their varieties live on the mucous membranes of the human body.

Mycoplasma pneumonia often suffers at a young age. Symptoms of this form of the disease: dry cough, which goes to the wet with the separation of mucus and purulent sputum, body aches, temperature up to 39C. For treatment, tetracycline antibiotics are prescribed.

Staphylococcal pneumonia symptoms often appear after a viral infection. The condition is characterized by severe intoxication, a cough with a small amount of scarlet phlegm, severe weakness, unclear consciousness.

Microplasma , chlamydia , which live inside cells, become the causative agent of so-called atypical pneumonia . Symptoms of this kind of pneumonia are manifested by intoxication, the absence of changes in the lungs, which is confirmed by the results of X-ray examination. The disease can occur almost without symptoms or cause serious complications. Penicillin does not help. Pneumonia caused by bacteria of the genus Legionella , happens as an outbreak of an epidemic with characteristic symptoms – high fever, joint pains, diarrhea.

Varieties Legionella is found in the soil, water bodies. Bacteria reproduce at a temperature of +40 .. + 60C, they live in liquids of air conditioners, domestic and industrial cooling systems, showers, on rubber surfaces. With the help of the devices created by man, an aerosol containing Legionella образу forms in the air.

Another bacterium Klebsiella , the causative agent of the Freelander pneumonia , is found on the skin, mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, in soil, water, food, dust. Symptoms of pneumonia caused by this pathogen are usually manifested with a strong weakening of the body as a result of alcoholism . The development of the disease is slow, accompanied by a deaf cough, fever, general weakness.

The most common cause of the disease are pneumococci, viruses, mycoplasmas. Approximately half the cases, the exact cause of pneumonia is not established.

If the causative agent of the disease is staphylococcus, mycoplasma, the development of the inflammatory process can last up to a month.

Place of lesion

Depending on the place of damage to lung tissue, there are focal , croupy , one-sided , bilateral a kind of pneumonia. Symptoms: hot fever, fever, cough, chest pain, under the shoulder blades, head.

Often, the disease manifests itself as a complication after a viral infection that has not been treated. At first, the cough is dry, then the purulent branches with blood veins are expectorated. Sweating increases, breathing becomes heavy, hoarse. Feeling weak, insomnia, do not want to eat.

Croup pneumonia , when the lung part is affected, is rare. A common cause is pneumococcus. Symptoms manifested by chills, dizziness, severe headache, to high values ​​(40-41C), the temperature rises. The first three days of coughing is dry, rare. Then there is red sputum, sometimes flatulence, vomiting.

Causes of pneumonia

Symptoms of pneumonia

As a rule, for the development of the disease, it is necessary: ​​

  • high pathogenic qualities of the microorganism;
  • weakened immunity.

In the lungs, the pathogen can be with inhaled air, gets from the nasopharynx, mouth, bronchi, from a distant focus of infection through the blood, with lymph.

Defeat of air sacs is facilitated by a decrease in local lung protection due to oppression of the epithelium (smoking, alcohol), a decrease in the body’s ability to prevent bacteria from fixing on the mucous membranes, and neutralizing their toxins.

Negative impact is reduced immunity, stress, regular overwork, hypothermia, significant physical overload.

Often, the symptoms of pneumonia appear after infectious and inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, colds, and flu.

The risk of getting sick in children under one year old, as well as in adults after 60 years, with diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, after a stroke, in case of kidney failure, allergies, regular inhalation of aggressive chemicals is increased.

In elderly people the cause of pneumonia is most often pneumococci, streptococci, mycoplasma, and their combinations. To avoid errors in the diagnosis, an X-ray examination of the lungs is made in several projections.

A negative role is played by inappropriate nutrition, unhealthy lifestyle, excess toxins in the body, which reduce protective forces.

Symptoms and treatment of pneumonia in young children

Symptoms of pneumonia

In children, a characteristic sign of pneumonia is a cough. In addition, an imaginary cold does not pass for more than a week, an attempt to breathe deeply causes a coughing attack, dyspnea appears in combination with a slightly increased body temperature.

As a rule, depending on the age, the doctor prescribes treatment with these or other antibiotics, although their choice should be circumspect. For example, if the disease is triggered by pneumococcus, treatment with gentamicin will be inconclusive, and with adverse reactions and complications.

часть With the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, some of the microbes die, but at the same time, the population of insensitive flora increases. As a result, dysbacteriosis , fungal infection развивается develops.

Reception of antibiotics can cause a deficiency of B vitamins, therefore it is necessary to take care of the appropriate diet of baby food. In addition, the child may have allergic reactions – rash , urticaria , etc.

The toxic properties of antibiotics manifest themselves at a significant dosage, as well as in the case of impaired renal function.

Some drugs adversely affect the function of other organs. For example, aminoglycosides are not prescribed in the case of otitis in acute or chronic form.

It is noticed that in the smallest, frequent inflammations of the lungs are associated with a deficiency of vitamin A, caused by its lack in mother’s milk and baby food.

Insufficient intake of vitamin A is manifested by excessive dryness of the mucous eye, which makes it easy for the eye to penetrate the infection, causing the development of a disease.

Treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics

Symptoms of pneumonia

ряд A number of antibiotics favorably different from the traditional erythromycin синте has been synthesized for the treatment of pneumonia. Appropriate treatment is prescribed by a doctor taking into account the diseases of a particular patient (chronic bronchitis, alcoholism), the presence of an outbreak of the flu epidemic.

Artificially synthesized sulfanilamide preparations disrupt the vital functions of pneumococci, staphylococci, streptococci. In the early days, these antibiotics are prescribed in a higher dosage. In the treatment it is important to observe the time of reception, to withstand the duration.

Penicillins are prescribed against gram-positive streptococci, staphylococci, etc.

To effectively destroy some resistant pathogens, antibiotic pairs are combined, taking into account synergism (mutual enhancement of action) and taking into account antagonism , so that the overall effect of the application is not lower , than for a separate antibiotic.

Treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics is considered effective if symptoms of intoxication decrease after 2-3 days. Otherwise, you must use a different combination or be treated with a wide-spectrum drugs.

Pneumonia caused by streptococci or pneumococci is treated with antibiotics for up to a week and a half. As a rule, the temperature normalizes 3-4 days after the start of the treatment.

Against other pathogens, antibiotics are taken before the final neutralization of changes in the lungs.

Concomitant treatment of pneumonia

Symptoms of pneumonia

One of the causes of the disease is a violation of sputum discharge. Therefore, it is important to preserve its usual properties so that the cough remains productive. In the acute form of pneumonia, expectorants and antitussives are required. According to the doctor’s prescription, use bromhexine , ledum , elecampane , thyme , licorice .

Aloe extract is useful for strengthening immunity.

A full-fledged diet rich in vitamins is needed. If there are no signs of heart failure, it is helpful to drink plenty of fluids up to 3 liters per day.

The room should have fresh air, light, temperature + 18 ° C. When cleaning the room, it is necessary to exclude means containing chlorine, do not use heaters with an open spiral, since they strongly dry the air.

In the absence of timely and proper treatment, pneumonia causes severe intoxication of the body, as well as various complications – pleurisy, lung abscess, acute respiratory failure.

  • To approach the recovery according to the prescription of the doctor, perform hot inhalations with eucalyptus oil for 3-5 minutes, adding 2 drops in half a liter of hot water.
  • According to the doctor’s prescription for pneumonia, a course of 8-10 baths with mustard powder helps. Preliminarily 150-200g of mustard powder is diluted with warm water until a mushy condition. The duration of the procedure is 7-8 minutes, the baths are taken every other day.
  • Useful three times a day rub the breast clay mixed with grated garlic .

Folk remedies for pneumonia

Symptoms of pneumonia

As a rule, various home remedies are used in the final stage of the illness, during the recovery period.

For better expectoration, an anti-inflammatory preparation is prepared with infusion of mother-and-stepmother :

  • Brew 1 tsp. crushed leaves with a glass of boiling water, insist an hour, drain. Take 1/4 cup 4 times a day.

Infusion of the inflorescence of the linden helps to cope with the inflammation, has an antimicrobial and diaphoretic effect:

  • Brew 3 tsp. a glass of boiling water, to soak in a water bath for 15 minutes, let cool, drain. Top up the boiled water to a full glass. Take half a cup 3 times a day.

Treatment honey and kalina :

  • Rasterize 1 tsp. berries viburnum , melt the glass honey in a water bath, stirring constantly. Add viburnum , wrap the dishes, insist 5-6 hours. Take 1 tsp. 4-5 times a day, monitoring blood pressure.

How to treat pneumonia Aloe with salt :

  • Get a glass of crushed leaves Aloe , add 1 tbsp. cooked salt , insist in a dark cool place for 12 hours, periodically mixing the contents. Take 1 tsp. one hour before meals. Keep the product in the refrigerator for no longer than 2-3 days.

Folk remedy for pneumonia:

  • Glass of rinsed oats with husks cook for 1 hour milk , drain, add 1 tsp. honey . Take during the day.

For temperature reduction :

  • In a glass of mineral water add 100ml lemon or cranberry juice. The general strengthening means tones up, promotes normalization of body temperature.

Remedy for dyspnoea, lack of air :

  • Fresh lemon cut together with the peel, remove the seeds, slices to pass through the meat grinder. Add 3-4 finely grated denticles garlic , 150 g honey . Take 1-2 c.l. within 7-10 days.

Treatment celandine :

  • Grind in a coffee grinder a glass of dried herb celandine, pour into a cloth bag.

Shake the bag, bring it to the nose, take a deep breath, so that the grass particles are in the lungs and destroy the pathogens. Exhale, 2-3 times sigh to the side. Shake the bag again, bring it to the nostrils, inhale deeply. Again catch my breath. Repeat 3 times.

Treated for a week before breakfast, before dinner, at night.

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