Symptoms of sinusitis



Symptoms of sinusitis

Content:

  • What is sinusitis
  • Symptoms of sinusitis
  • Causes of inflammation of the paranasal sinusitis
  • Prevention of sinusitis
  • Symptoms of acute maxillary sinusitis
  • Symptoms of chronic maxillary sinusitis
  • Medication treatment of sinuses
  • Treatment of sinusitis with folk remedies

When, due to various reasons, the adnexal (paranasal) sinuses become inflamed, there is a headache, purulent discharge from the nose, congestion and obstruction of nasal breathing, other sim ptomes of sinusitis. The disease is caused by bacteria or viruses that have fallen into sinuses. Sinusitis occurs due to reduced immunity due to various causes, manifests itself as an allergic reaction, and also in the case of acute respiratory viral infection or influenza.

What is sinusitis

Depending on the lesion of one or another sinus distinguish:

  • sinusitis , inflammation of the maxillary sinus;
  • frontitis , lesion of the frontal sinus;
  • etmoiditis , disease of cells of the latticed labyrinth;
  • sphenoiditis , inflammatory process in the sphenoid sinus.

It happens that several sinuses are simultaneously infected with inflammation. If they are all located on one side, this is hemisinusite . In case of bilateral lesion, pansinusitis диагности is diagnosed.

Symptoms of sinusitis vary depending on the nature of the inflammatory process. There are allergic , polypous , purulent , catarrhal a kind of inflammation of the sinuses of the nose.

Depending on the duration of inflammation, acute, subacute and chronic sinusitis are distinguished.

Symptoms of sinusitis

Symptoms of sinusitis

The disease manifests itself as a headache, heaviness in the brow, on the forehead, near the cheekbones or nose due to occlusion of one or another sinus. The head can be dizzy.

Mucous nasal swelling, a runny nose appears, nasal breathing is difficult. In the throat is dry and I want to cough, tongue is laid.

Headache with sinusitis can be preceded by constipation, flatulence, bloating, general weakness. An alarming panic is accompanied by tingling in the limbs. The face is pale and swollen. Fatigue is felt, neck and shoulders can be ill.

Changes in the mucosa are determined by the nature of the disease. In the acute form, the mucosa thickens considerably, the outflow of secret is hampered, the blood vessels are saturated. An effusion is formed, first bloody, then purulent. Symptoms of sinusitis are manifested by severe pain of the head, deterioration of the general condition.

The patient is feverish, he feels pressure or heaviness in the skull, olfactory sensations are lost or decreased. The temperature can rise to 39C, nasal discharge appears pus.

Outside the area of ​​the lesion there is a swelling of the inscriptions and cheeks, redness can be observed. With a slight tapping or touching the projections of the sinuses onto the facial bones, painful sensations appear. The mucous membrane is edematous.

Symptom of sinusitis is a prolonged runny nose, especially if the discharge from the nose is greenish. To eliminate the signs of the disease, it is not worth burying vasoconstrictive drops, as they disrupt the motility of the mucous membrane, worsen its blood supply.

Causes of inflammation of the paranasal sinus

Symptoms of sinusitis

Inflammatory process in this or that cavity can occur against the background of ARVI, with respiratory infections, influenza, measles, scarlet fever, when the activity of the epithelium is depressed and he does not adequately counteract the pathogenic microflora.

Symptoms of sinusitis also appear in the case of:

  • nasal polyps;
  • curvature of the nasal septum;
  • adenoid;
  • chronic tonsillitis;
  • rhinitis.

Like any other disease, any kind of sinusitis must be cured. The inflammatory process in one or another sinus affects the course and development of diseases of the respiratory system, digestion, heart and blood vessels.

Prophylaxis of sinusitis

To avoid inflammation, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system, to temper, regularly to walk in the fresh air.

To reduce the swelling of the nose will help regular steam inhalation using mint or eucalyptus essential oils.

In case of a cold or nasal congestion, it is better to drink more liquid, preferably clean drinking water. Water dilutes mucus and the body is easier to get rid of it. As a result of a lack of fluid, the mucus becomes excessively thick, which can cause some symptoms of inflammation of the sinuses of the nose.

Symptoms of acute maxillary sinusitis

Symptoms of sinusitis

In case of maxillary sinusitis, the temperature rises, shivering, tension or pain in the sinus becomes worse, which increases with the torso tilting. The disease can be manifested by photophobia or lacrimation.

The head hurts, and the pain often gives in the upper teeth, cheeks. From the nose, pus or mucus, mucous edematous, is secreted. The patient feels broken and weak.

Symptoms of this type of acute sinusitis are often due to hypothermia, sudden or prolonged runny nose, SARS, influenza.

Treatment of sinusitis, especially if the fever has risen and purulent discharge has appeared, should be performed under the supervision of a physician.

Symptoms of chronic maxillary sinusitis

Symptoms of sinusitis

Chronic form of maxillary sinusitis is characterized by decreased efficiency, faster onset of fatigue, headache.

As a rule, the transition of the disease to a chronic form occurs with relapses of acute sinusitis. The situation is aggravated by a curved nasal septum, decreased immunity, the presence of adenoids, as well as pathogenic microflora in the nasal sinus, unfavorable working and rest conditions, and incorrectly selected treatment.

In the nose there is an unpleasant smell, it hurts in the forehead. The pain increases with tilting forward and in the afternoon, because purulent discharge due to the presence of the trunk in a predominantly upright position can not naturally leave the sinus through an anastomosis. Pus irritates the receptors, which causes a severe headache.

In the chronic form of sinusitis, the periods of remission, almost complete disappearance of the symptoms, alternate with exacerbations. The painful process often lasts for years.

After the analysis of signs of sinusitis and diagnosis is prescribed treatment aimed at stopping the inflammatory process in the sinuses, cleaning them from pus and mucus, eliminating edema.

Antimicrobials are prescribed, depending on the type of pathogen, the age of the patient and the degree of neglect of the disease. To treat the acute form of sinusitis, they are applied within three weeks. And twice as long, if the disease has passed into a chronic form.

To reduce edema of the mucosa, vasoconstrictors are used, but not longer than 3-4 days.

If symptoms of sinusitis are accompanied by an allergy, H1-blockers are prescribed to treat allergic rhinitis .

In exhausted cases, the discharge ceases to be liquid, turns into a thick, viscous or crumbling mass with the smell of rot. In this case, the ENT appoints a puncture of the frontal or maxillary sinus to rinse the nasal cavity, remove the accumulated secretions and introduce medications. As a result, the patient becomes lighter, and the doctor has the material for a more accurate identification of the pathogen.

Often in the treatment of sinusitis, a combined method is used: within 1-2 weeks, antibiotics are used. Then, puncturing is performed to remove pus, mucus and part of the enlarged mucosa that interferes with proper ventilation of the sinuses.

Treatment of sinusitis with folk remedies

Symptoms of sinusitis

  • If symptoms of sinusitis are found, inhalation with mint will help cope with the headache.In a liter of water, boil 50 g of mint leaves , pour into a mug or a small saucepan, breathe for 5-10 minutes. In cold weather, do not go outside for an hour.
  • To cope with signs of inflammation of the sinuses of the nose, essential oils help: cedar , St. John’s wort , lemon , lavender , mint , chamomile , pine , sage , eucalyptus . They are also used in inhalation.
  • Clear garlic , rub, mix with the same amount honey . Take 1 tsp. at night, washing down with warm water.
  • Brew 2 tablespoons. flaxseed half cup milk , boil 10 minutes over low heat. Breathe in steam until the milk cools.
  • In case of chronic sinusitis, instill 3% hydrogen peroxide diluted with a similar amount of water, 5-10 drops twice a day.
  • In case of sinusitis, compresses from finely shabby garlic , diluted with vodka, help. The compress is put on 2 hours 3-4 times a day.
  • Bury with antritis juice aloe 2 drops 3-4 times a day.

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