Symptoms of stomach gastritis



Symptoms of stomach gastritis

Content:

  • Causes severe form
  • Causes of chronic gastritis
  • Symptoms of acute gastritis stomach
  • Symptoms of chronic gastritis
  • failure and increased production of juice in chronic gastritis
  • Diet with gastritis of the stomach
  • Diet with gastritis with insufficient secretory activity
  • Diet with gastritis with increased secretory activity
  • Treatment of gastritis with folk remedies

A significant part of the population suffers from inflammation of the gastric mucosa. In acute form, gastritis symptoms manifest painful sensations in the upper abdomen. If the factors that irritate the mucosa are not eliminated, the inflammation passes into a chronic form. Symptoms of the chronic variety are less pronounced and often accompany other diseases.

Causes of acute form

Symptoms of gastritis appear when the gastric mucosa is damaged. Various factors influence:

  • irregular eating, malnutrition and overeating, rush while eating;
  • poor chewing food, often associated with unhealthy teeth;
  • low-quality products, abuse of fried, spicy, spicy, rough food;
  • insufficient intake of protein and vitamins, which produces less gastric juice;
  • regular consumption of alcohol, smoking;
  • long-term use of drugs: antibiotics, aspirin, hormonal drugs;
  • ill health of the digestive system, violation of peristalsis, causing bile in the stomach and causing inflammation of the mucosa;
  • signs of gastritis are manifested in case of imbalance of intestinal microflora, penetration of viruses, bacteria, streptococci, staphylococcus, salmonella.

Symptoms of acute gastritis cause stress associated with a significant risk to life or health. Signs of the disease appear as a result of shock, serious surgery, severe trauma, severe burns. Erosion of the gastric mucosa may be accompanied by heavy bleeding.

In advanced cases of acute gastritis, the mucous membrane is damaged to muscle tissue. The stronger the pain and heaviness in the stomach, the deeper the inflammation.

Causes of chronic gastritis

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

Chronic gastritis occurs with poor-quality or incomplete treatment of acute form.

Intestinal infections, inflammation of the tonsils or gall bladder, infection with Helicobacter pylori Helicobacter pylori maintain a chronic form.

The appearance of symptoms of chronic gastritis of the stomach is promoted by hereditary predisposition.

The chronic form develops in conditions of harmful production, when dust, acid or alkali vaporization, harmful chemical compounds are swallowed daily.

Constant inflammation of the gastric mucosa is associated with one or another allergy.

The composition of gastric juice for the breakdown of protein foods includes pepsin . If a malfunction occurs, pepsin acts on the mucous membrane containing protein, causes inflammation, as the stomach begins to digest itself.

Symptoms of acute gastritis of the stomach

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

Signs of acute inflammation of the mucosa appear suddenly and are caused by overeating, poor-quality food, allergic reaction to certain foods, stress.

Symptoms of acute gastritis of the stomach:

  • strongly hurts at the top of the abdomen;
  • the temperature rises, sometimes up to + 38 ° C;
  • there is a feeling of fullness of the stomach;
  • burp sour, with a bad smell;
  • white coating on the tongue, dryness or abundant salivation;
  • heartburn, nausea, vomiting with food remnants, mucus, bile, often with blood inclusions;
  • the stomach swells, there is discomfort, often there is constipation or diarrhea;
  • sore and dizzy;
  • general weakness, aversion to food.

Symptoms of chronic gastritis

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

In chronic form, periods of remission , almost complete disappearance of symptoms of gastritis, alternate with exacerbations.

The structure of the mucosa changes, it becomes thinner, causing the development of gastric juice, as well as the secretory, motor function of the stomach.

Chronic gastritis is often combined with diseases of the digestive system (colitis, duodenitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis), is the cause of one of the varieties of anemia (anemia).

Symptoms of chronic gastritis of the stomach appear in the case of other diseases, which makes it difficult to establish the correct diagnosis. The following signs are observed:

  • dull aching pain after eating at the top of the stomach, less often in the left or right hypochondrium;
  • raspiranie and overcrowding of the stomach;
  • unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth;
  • heartburn, belching sour;
  • nausea;

  • lack of appetite;
  • constipation.

In a number of cases, these manifestations are absent.

The chronic form of gastritis occurs when you get into the stomach helikobakterii , able to exist and multiply in an aggressive environment of gastric juice. This form of the disease manifests itself in symptoms:

  • lack of appetite, rapid saturation;
  • bloating after eating, feeling of raspiraniya and overflow;
  • eructation, heartburn;
  • abundant salivation.

Chronic form is divided into gastritis with reduced and high acidity, determined by secretory deficiency or redundancy.

With a low acidity, it makes you sick, quickly becomes saturated, your stomach is swollen. Sufferers of this type of disease are prone to losing weight, differ dry skin, rare hair and brittle nails.

In case of increased acidity, heartburn is felt, belch sour, nauseous, mouth taste unpleasant.

Insufficient and increased production of juice for chronic gastritis

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

> The symptom of the chronic form of the disease is the amount of gastric juice produced. If the juice is small, gastritis with secretory insufficiency is diagnosed ( hypoacid ). If a lot – with increased secretion activity ( hyperactive ).

These types of disease are characterized by signs and principles of treatment.

Symptoms of gastritis at insufficient stomach production of juice :

  • weak aching pain, pressure at the top of the abdomen;
  • burp is rotten;
  • nausea or vomiting;

  • rumbling and flatulence;
  • lack of appetite, which causes weight loss;
  • brittle hair and nails;
  • loose stool;
  • lethargy, rapid fatigue.

Signs of gastritis of the stomach with increased secretion activity :

  • severe pain after or during eating;
  • burp, but not rotten;
  • heartburn, nausea, vomiting;
  • constipation;

  • frequent mood changes, irritability;
  • insomnia.

Despite the lack of clear symptoms of chronic gastritis of the stomach, an experienced doctor is able to quickly diagnose. In some cases, an unpleasant examination is required.

Gastric gastritis diet

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

After finding out the symptoms of chronic gastritis and diagnosing a doctor, the diet should be changed, taking into account the effect of each product on the secretory and motor function of the stomach.

Often correctly composed diet helps to cure the disease.

The diet should be diverse, include the necessary nutrients, minerals, vitamins. The dishes are steamed, boiled, stewed, rubbed to mash, boiled porridge.

Eat slowly, in small portions, but often, 5-6 times at certain times. Thoroughly chew food heated to a temperature of +36 .. + 37C.

It is especially important to observe the diet during the period of exacerbation, when the mucosa is excessively sensitive.

On the secretory and motor function of the stomach is almost not affect : pureed vegetables or milk soups, boiled meat, fish or an omelet for a couple of eggs into a pouch, whole milk or cream, low-fat sour cream and cottage cheese, a weak tea with milk, jelly, diluted sweet juices and compotes, fruit purees.

gastric juice enhanced in the use of: meat, fish, fatty and fried foods, smoked, marinated, pickled, fermented milk products, pastry, sour vegetables or fruit, seasonings and spices, coffee, tea, cocoa, carbonated drinks.

Diet in gastritis with insufficient secretion activity

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

If you notice symptoms of gastritis of the stomach with a reduced allocation of juice diet should excite the appetite to help restore impaired secretion and consist of the following dishes:

  • Yesterday’s wheat bread, not a good cookie.
  • Soft-boiled eggs, fried omelette without crusting or steamed.
  • Prostock, kefir, sour cream, cottage cheese, cheese.
  • Grated cheese, salted salted herring, salads from boiled vegetables with meat, fish, eggs, lean ham, liver pate, vegetable caviar and sturgeon.
  • Creamy, refined vegetable, melted butter.
  • Soups with finely chopped vegetables on meat, fish, mushroom broth, puréed soups made of mashed cereals on vegetable broth. Borsch, beetroot, cabbage soup.
  • Mashed porridge on water or milk, cereal cutlets, vermicelli.
  • Cutlets from veal, pork, lamb, poultry, fish.
  • Vegetable purees and cutlets, boiled and stewed vegetables, potatoes, pumpkin, zucchini, beets, carrots, tomatoes, cabbage, green peas.
  • Fruit puree, jelly, compotes, baked apples, honey, sugar, jam, candies, oranges, tangerines, grapes without skin, watermelon.
  • Tea, cocoa, coffee with milk.
  • Diluted vegetable or berry juices, broth of wild rose.

Forbidden fried, fatty meat and fish, lard, smoked, legumes, onions, radish, cucumbers, mushrooms, sweet peppers, canned goods, chocolate, garlic, horseradish, mustard, small grains (raspberries, red currants), with hard skin (gooseberries, apples), grape juice,

Food allowed to add salt.

Diet in gastritis with increased secretory activity

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

When inflammation of the gastric mucosa, accompanied by abundant secretion of juice, the following dishes are useful:

  • Yesterday’s wheat bread, unhealthy biscuits.
  • Steam omelet, soft-boiled eggs.
  • Whole or condensed milk, cream, wiped cottage cheese, cream cheese.
  • Instant unsalted ham, salad from boiled vegetables.
  • Unsalted butter, refined vegetable oils added to ready meals.
  • Soups made of mashed cereals, soups-mashed potatoes from non-acidic vegetables on cereal broth, milk soups with shallow vermicelli.
  • Low-fat beef, veal, chicken, rabbit, turkey, fish, boiled or cooked as steamed cutlets.
  • Porridge on milk or water from rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina, chopped pasta or vermicelli.
  • Potatoes, beets, carrots, pumpkin, zucchini, with care green peas and dill.
  • Sweet berries, compotes, fruit jelly, jelly, jam.
  • Sweet juices, rose hips.
  • Non-basic tea, cocoa with milk or cream.

In the first days of exacerbation, you should not eat bread or vegetables. Prepare dishes in the garbled form.

Fatty meat, fish, salted, smoked, canned, bun, cabbage, turnip, radish, sorrel, onions, cucumbers, not wiped vegetables and fruits, black coffee, chocolate, carbonated drinks, kvass are forbidden.

Treatment of gastritis with folk remedies

Symptoms of stomach gastritis

At the beginning of herbal treatment, pain can intensify, heartburn may appear. After a certain state, it is normalized.

If gastric gastritis symptoms are detected with decreased secretion, wormwood helps.Folk remedies reduce inflammation of the mucosa, stimulate appetite.

  • Grind wormwood bitter , rhizomes aura of marsh , fruits cumin , taken in equal parts. Brew 1с.л. mix with a glass of boiling water, simmer in a water bath for 15 minutes, drain. Add the boiled water to the broth, bringing the volume to a full glass. Take 1 tsp. for half an hour before meals.

In case of symptoms of gastritis with increased secretion of gastric juice, chamomile , St. John’s wort , calendula , plantain is used. These folk remedies remove inflammation of the mucosa.

  • Mix in equal parts flowers marigold medicinal , flowers chamomile , leaves psyllium , grass yarrow . Brew 1с.л. mix with a glass of boiling water, insist for two hours in a sealed container, drain. Bring boiled water to a full glass. Take one third of the glass for half an hour before meals.

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