The child complains of pain in the abdomen – what can it be, and how to provide first aid?



The child complains of pain in the abdomen - what can it be, and how to provide first aid? The child’s health is always more attentive, given his fragility. The most frequent signal of a child’s body is abdominal pain. And the reasons for this pain can not be understood without medical assistance.

Therefore, severe pain – this is an occasion for emergency treatment to specialists!

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Article content:

  • Causes of abdominal pain – when to call a doctor?
  • First aid for abdominal pain in a child
  • Functional abdominal pain – how to help?

The main causes of abdominal pain in a child – when it is necessary urgently to call a doctor?

Pain in the abdomen is different – short-term and long, sharp and weak, in the area near the stomach or the entire abdomen.

The main rule for parents is not to wait until the pain becomes unbearable! If this is not a burden from too much dinner, then call the doctor is required !

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The child complains of pain in the abdomen - what can it be, and how to provide first aid?

So, why are the abdomens hurt in children – the main reasons:

  • Crayfish . As a rule, abdominal pain in newborn babies is caused precisely by this cause. The kid presses his legs, screams and “rushes” for 10-30 minutes. Usually a special children’s tea and mother’s warmth help.
  • Intestinal obstruction . In this case, the pain manifests itself in the blood in the stool, nausea and vomiting (age – about 5-9 months.). Without urgent consultation, the surgeon can not do.
  • The accumulation of gases and bloating . When inflating the intestine, there are pains in the abdomen, sometimes there is nausea.
  • Gastroenteritis . In addition to paroxysmal blunt pain, it is accompanied by vomiting and a rise in temperature. Then the symptoms are associated with diarrhea. There is an increase in pain after eating. What the chair of the newborn baby can tell – we study the contents of the diaper!
  • Appendicitis . He usually meets on 1 of 6 children. And up to two years, as a rule, does not exacerbate. Symptoms: loss of appetite and weakness, nausea and fever, pain in the navel or on the right side of the abdomen (however, with appendicitis, pain can be given to either side). In this case, no urgent operation is indispensable. The danger of appendicitis is that severe pain usually manifests itself at the stage of peritonitis, which is extremely dangerous for life.
  • Stretching of the muscles . This phenomenon is observed with a strong physical load, as well as after a strong cough or vomiting. It usually appears when walking or trying to sit up straight. The nature of the pain is sharp and sharp. In this case, both the appetite and the general normal state are conserved.
  • Pyelonephritis . This disease occurs more often in girls, manifested by acute pain in the lower back or side, as well as in the lower abdomen, fever and frequent urination. Without examination and full treatment can not do. Of course, it should be timely.
  • Inflammation of the testicles . As a rule, after a bruise, a torsion of the testicles or a hernia, the boys feel pains with recoil from the scrotum directly to the lower abdomen.
  • Jaundice . With infectious inflammation of the liver, which occurs through a virus that has gotten from the food, yellow eyes sclera, darkens urine and severe pain in the liver. The disease is dangerous and contagious.
  • Constipation . In this case, bloating and colic are observed. How to make an enema for a newborn baby right?
  • Intolerance of certain products . For example, lactose. Symptoms: nausea and diarrhea, swelling and abdominal pain.
  • Worms (usually ascarids) . In such a situation, the pains become chronic, and besides them there are headaches and bloating, a squeak of teeth at night.

In what case is the consultation with a specialist and an emergency call obligatory?

  1. Not passing more than 3 hours of pain before the age of 5, tearfulness and anxiety of the child.
  2. Sudden pallor and weakness along with pain in the abdomen, as well as loss of consciousness.
  3. Severe pain in the abdomen after a fall or stroke in the stomach.
  4. Increased temperature, which occurs against the background of abdominal pain.
  5. Pain outside the umbilical zone.
  6. Pain in the abdomen in the middle of the night.
  7. Accompanying pain with severe diarrhea.
  8. Denial of water and food against a background of abdominal pain.
  9. Multiple vomiting or severe nausea on the background of pain.
  10. The absence of a chair – and pain in the abdomen.
  11. Frequent pain, repeated regularly for several weeks / months (even in the absence of other symptoms).
  12. Frequent abdominal pain and weight loss (or developmental lag).
  13. Appearance, in addition to pain, rash or inflammation of the joints.

The child complains of pain in the abdomen - what can it be, and how to provide first aid?

The child complains of abdominal pain – the actions of the parents

In most cases, moderate pain is not at all dangerous if they arise because of indigestion or bloating due to a violation of diet, and also because of other various unpleasant conditions “by negligence”.

If the pains become severe, and accompanying symptoms are added to them, then call a doctor immediately! !

What do parents do until the doctor arrives?

  • Refrain from taking painkillers and antipyretic drugs (unless you are a medical professional who can conduct a minimum diagnosis). These drugs can further damage the child’s body, as well as prevent the diagnosis (“lubricate the picture”).
  • Find out – whether the child has constipation.
  • Postpone lunch / dinner . You can not feed now.
  • Drink plenty of baby. When vomiting and diarrhea – special solutions to restore the water-salt balance. Or non-carbonated water (lemonade, juices and milk are forbidden!).
  • Give the child a remedy based on simethicone if the cause is bloating.
  • It is not recommended to pack the hot water bottle on your stomach! In any inflammatory process, it can dramatically cause deterioration.
  • You can not also make a child an enema – before finding out the causes of pain and doctor’s advice.
  • If the stomach becomes sick, the temperature rises, and vomiting or watery / fetid diarrhea begins, prepare to treat the intestinal infection (most often it disappears under such symptoms.)
  • Control the temperature – knock down at sudden jumps.

Note:

The lion’s share of the most dangerous diseases lurking under severe pain in the abdomen and, as a rule, requiring surgeon intervention, are not accompanied by a subfebrile condition ! Increased temperature is usually a “companion” of infectious diseases

If you have any doubts call a doctor – do not pull with qualified help.Whatever you expect the “business”, no matter how afraid the child of doctors, call an ambulance, without hesitation! It is better to be safe than sorry later. Functional abdominal pain in a child – how to help him cope with pain?

In children older than 5 years (from 8 to 15), in addition to the above, there are also functional pains. They are usually referred to as pains that are not at all connected with surgery or infection.

As a rule, even on a serious examination of the causes of such pains simply do not reveal. But this does not mean that pain is a child’s invention, not to go to school or clean toys. Children really suffer from them, and the nature of pain can be compared to migraine .

What are the usual such pains caused?

  • Response to fatigue.
  • Stress, nervous tension.
  • Functional indigestion. In this case, the pains are similar to gastritis.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome. Non-dangerous disease, manifested by periodic attacks in the abdomen, weakening after the toilet.
  • Abdominal migraine. In this case, strong paroxysmal pains around the navel with time (note – as they grow older) are transformed into migraine headaches. Of the accompanying symptoms can be noted nausea and pallor, headache and photophobia.

How to help your child?

By themselves functional pain is not dangerous, and no health risks. Also, they do not require specific treatment, and with age they pass by themselves.

However, special care for such children, of course, is necessary: ​​

  • Diet. You can alleviate the condition of the child by increasing in the diet vegetables, fruits and dried fruits, cereals.
  • Medications. If the pains are very disturbing to the child, you can use ibuprofen or paracetamol.
  • Diary of pain. Fixing observations will be useful for anamnesis and an understanding of “where the legs grow”. To fix the period of pain (how many last), the means of its weakening (the more you take off) and the situations in which the pain arises.
  • Calmness and care. Provide the child with an atmosphere in which he will feel safe. Positive emotions are extremely necessary!