Treatment of influenza



Treatment of influenza

Content:

  • influenza types
  • Flu symptoms
  • Flu Home Treatment
  • complications
  • Preventing the flu
  • Flu Treatment folk remedies

Flu – one of the varieties acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI). The disease is widespread, he is exposed to different ages. The virus affects the respiratory tract, especially the trachea. Treat the flu during epidemics every year.

Types of influenza

Treatment of influenza

Acute respiratory disease affects the respiratory tract. The virus is capable of life activity within the cells, its type is determined antigens and designated by the letters A, B, C.

  • Embodiments virus type A for 1-1.5 months affect up to 50% of the population. Type A is affected by domestic animals – horses, pigs, birds, but the possibility of infecting humans from animals is not proven.
  • Type B is spreading more slowly. The epidemic lasts 2-3 months and affects up to 25% of the population. More frequent outbreaks are observed in schools, camps, among the elderly.
  • The lesions of type C are single, manifest from case to case, although this variety is found everywhere.

The most common type A and B viruses

Flu symptoms

Treatment of influenza

for diseases characterized by rapid and acute onset. During the day, the temperature rises to 38-40C. Causes, a real chill happens rarely.

Along with fever, there is a headache, localized in the forehead and superciliary arches. Muscles ache, more often lower extremities, and also joints and a loin. General weakness, lethargy, weakness are accompanied by sweating. Skin is dry and hot, there is redness of the face. Children and at a young age can increase cervical lymph nodes.

It is difficult to look at the light, eyes burn, they are damp and shine. It hurts when turning and pressing on the eyeballs.

After a day, flu symptoms show up with nausea, vomiting – usually after eating or taking medicines. The temperature decreases within 2-3 days, the fever can last up to 7 days.

Evidence of rhinitis , pharyngitis , laryngitis

develops. Runny nose, nasal congestion, sore and aching throat, excruciates dry cough, voice hoarse. Mucous throat reddened, with a kind of granularity.

A characteristic symptom of the flu is a lesion of the trachea , behind the sternum is sadnit. Sometimes a rash develops on the lips or near the nose.

Depending on the degree of intoxication and the damage to the respiratory tract in the appointment of treatment for influenza, the doctor takes into account the form of the disease.

  • In a mild form the temperature rises to 38C, the mucositis is inflamed.
  • For medium-heavy form temperature from 38,1 to 40С. Headache, weakness, sweating is moderate. Sometimes there is shortness of breath. The cough is painful, it hurts behind the sternum.
  • In severe form 40C or above, shivering, headache, body aches, do not feel hungry, sick. It hurts cough and pain behind the sternum.

Symptoms and course of influenza in children are more pronounced in comparison with adults. Treatment of the respiratory tract, violations of the general condition requires 5-8 days, children develop complications more often.

Treatment of influenza at home

Treatment of influenza

Since 1967, Amantadine has been used for the prevention and treatment of influenza A. Currently, due to the high level of resistance of known type A viruses, zanamivir and Oseltamivir к are recommended for this drug.

doctor may prescribe reception antivirals such as Arbidol , Remantadin , Virazole , Ribavirin , they treat influenza types A and B. These drugs are particularly effective at the beginning of the disease.

Headache is eliminated Paracetamol , Ibuprofen .

Rhinitis is treated with Nasivin , Naphthyzinum .

врач To encourage sputum evasion, the doctor prescribes mucolytics Lazolvan , Ambroghexal , Bromhexine . The throat is rinsed with furatsilinom, infusion of calendula, chamomile, sage.

Treatment of influenza in mild and moderate forms is carried out at home. The room should be regularly ventilated, it is more often to change bed linen, to bring the patient individual dishes and a towel.

In the acute phase of the disease, a lot of drinking is necessary – tea with honey, raspberry jam, sour fruit juices.

After the flu, you should gradually restore the habitual activity.

Development of complications

Treatment of influenza

Relatively rare, despite treatment, the symptoms of influenza do not decrease, but, on the contrary, progress. Develops a complication, such as influenza viral pneumonia . She is predisposed to both healthy and suffering from heart disease, chronic lung function disorder.

Sometimes after the apparent disappearance of flu symptoms, the condition worsens after 2-3 days and develops bacterial pneumonia , which is accompanied by a cough and purulent sputum. The cause of this complication is the microorganisms inhabiting the pharynx, which are activated as a result of the weakening of the defense forces in the bronchi. The doctor prescribes antibiotic treatment.

If a complication occurs in the form of pneumonia, it often manifests itself simultaneously as a viral and bacterial form of . There is no recovery, the disease progresses, alternating with periods of improvement. This type of complication is more likely to suffer from chronic cardiovascular or pulmonary diseases.

Such complications as sinusitis , otitis , pyelonephritis , inflammation biliary system happen rarely.

Prevention of influenza infection

Treatment of influenza

The virus is transmitted from the patient by airborne droplets, during coughing, sneezing, talking. It is not impossible to get infected with personal contact, handshake, through household items.

First the virus enters the respiratory tract, affects the epithelial cells. Then it begins to multiply, is introduced into other cells of the respiratory tract. The incubation period lasts from several hours to 2-4 days.

The virus does not die at + 4 ° C for 2-3 weeks. Partial or complete loss of its biological activity at a temperature of +50 .. + 60C occurs in a few minutes. Disinfectant solutions destroy the virus instantly.

To prevent infection with influenza, contact should be avoided in the early days of the disease, as well as during the fever period. With uncomplicated course of the disease for 5-7 days, the virus is released into the external environment in a low concentration and therefore not harmful to the surrounding environment.

In most cases, recovery at home comes in a week, after the body is formed a strong immunity to the transferred variety of the disease.

Influenza treatment is performed for a year, but is more often ill in autumn and winter due to climatic factors and greater population crowding.

The disease can affect all age groups, except for monthly children. The need for treatment of influenza in them is absent because of the immunity received from the mother.

Influenza treatment with folk remedies

Treatment of influenza

  • To reduce heat, heat large -tightly moist potato together with the peel, add 1 tsp. vinegar .
    Turn the mass into gauze and attach it to the forehead.
  • Pour into a pan a glass milk , add 1 / 2hl. ginger , ground red pepper , turmeric . Bring to a boil and simmer for 1-2 minutes. Allow to cool slightly, add 1 / 2c. butter , 1hour. honey .
    Take a glass 3 times a day.
  • To eliminate the symptoms of rhinitis in the treatment of influenza, grind the leaf of the golden mustache , add the juice of one bulb , 1с.л. honey , mix everything.
    Place in gauze and attach to nostrils, greased with vegetable oil.
  • For the treatment of colds and flu at home, it is useful to brew tea from the leaves currants at a rate of 1 tsp. crushed leaves on a glass of boiling water. Insist in a sealed container 10 minutes, drain.
    Take a glass 3 times a day.

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