- Forms of laryngitis
- Treatment of laryngitis at home
- How to treat acute form
- Treatment of chronic form
- Treatment of laryngitis by folk remedies
Laryngitis, inflammation mucous membrane of the larynx, often manifested as one of the symptoms of ARVI, other diseases, as well as the reaction of the body when inhaled dust, chemicals. Vocal folds are affected, it becomes difficult to speak, the voice disappears. When treating laryngitis in an acute form, it is not allowed to talk for several days while the underlying disease is eliminated. The most frequent sufferers are the vocal folds of teachers, guides, who are daily subjected to significant stresses.
The disease occurs in acute or chronic form.
acute laryngitis manifests itself or accompanies infectious diseases that occur with the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract – influenza, measles, whooping cough, and rheumatism.
The acute form of the disease occurs with hypothermia, overexertion of the voice, the habit of breathing through the mouth when the nose is stuffy, the intake of excessively cold food or drinks.
Appearance of hoarseness, dry cough, sadness or sore throat, vessels of mucous membrane swell. Sometimes there is pain when swallowing. When the flu in the mucous membrane of the larynx, hemorrhages occur.
There may be fever, a headache. Vocal folds swell, become thicker, covered with mucus or viscous sputum. As a rule, with timely treatment, laryngitis passes through 7-10 days.
In young children, swollen mucous membranes can block the larynx, causing the child to breathe noisily, crying. Lack of oxygen causes disruption of the brain, so you need to see a doctor immediately.
In the absence of proper treatment of laryngitis in acute form, frequent relapses, non-observance of the silence regime, the disease passes into a chronic form .
Common cause is also considered frequent flu, ARVI, smoking, regular hypothermia, the need to overstress the vocal folds. The transition to a chronic form is facilitated by pathology of the nose, sinuses, bronchial diseases.
The following forms of the chronic variety are distinguished:
- Catarrhal . The voice becomes hoarse, hoarse or absent. Vessels of the laryngeal mucosa are moderately swollen, vocal folds swollen or thickened. When coughing sputum is excreted, in the morning, coughing is especially painful. Breath is not broken. The head is aching, there is fatigue, I want to sleep. This variety can go into hypertrophic and atrophic.
- Hypertrophic . The voice becomes heavily hoarse due to deformation of the edges of the vocal folds, sometimes completely lost. Burning and sore throat accompanied by coughing. The mucous is thickened and as it were collected in folds.
- Atrophic . Mucous thinned, covered with bloom. In the mouth there is dryness, pershit and sore throat, voice hoarse. The secret lies in the larynx, crusts are formed, which makes you want to cough. Something is constantly in the throat. Air hardly passes through a voice gap. This form of laryngitis is most difficult to treat.
- abundant drinking of warm milk, alkaline mineral water;
- inhalation of soda, oil, water vapor;
- warm compresses, mustard plasters in the sternum and calf muscles, warming up the legs;
- brew a glass of boiling water on 15 g of leaves sage and birch ;
- mixture of decoction of bark oak (2 tablespoons for 250 ml), decoction of the bark of calina (1 tsp for 250 ml), herb St. John’s wort with flowers immortelle (2 p.s. per 250 ml).
- души oregano extract based on 2 c.p. for a glass of boiling water.Take 1/3 cup throughout the day.
- infusion 2с.л. Nettle flowers in a glass of boiling water, taken in small portions throughout the day.
- radish juice with honey . Inside, a groove filled with honey is cut. After 3-4 hours, juice is allocated. Take 1 tsp. 3 times a day. To obtain juice radish can be cut into small slices, sprinkle abundantly with sugar.
- Lemon with honey . Squeeze the juice of one lemon, add 3 tsp. honey, 1/2 cup of boiling water.
- Onion peel . Brew 1-2 hours. husks with a glass of boiling water, insist, drain. For elimination of painful sensations add 1с.л. honey.
- Juice of raw potatoes . Gargle with freshly prepared potato juice.
- Beet juice . Get a glass of juice by rubbing the beets on a grater or using a juicer, add 1 tsp. apple cider vinegar. Treatment of laryngitis with rinses is performed 3-4 times a day, after the procedure, take one sip.
Treatment of laryngitis at home
When treating any form of disease shows:
Do not steam your throat with hot water. Keep the neck warm.
Larynx spray water spray Lugol . The drug has antiseptic, bactericidal action against staphylococci, gram-negative and gram-positive flora, fungi.
When treating laryngitis, you must stop smoking, alcohol, exclude from the diet, sharp and spicy dishes.
In some cases, rinsing with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide 2-3 times a day for a week. The throat ceases to hurt, dryness disappears, general well-being improves.
When laryngitis is treated with medicines, physiotherapy, UHF, warming, electrophoresis are also prescribed. In neglected cases, moxibustion with silver nitrate is shown, and rarely the excision of the laryngeal tissue is rare.
How to treat an acute form
In acute laryngitis, first of all, it is necessary to treat the underlying disease. Do not talk for 5-7 days. Upon the appointment of a doctor to treat the larynx with solutions or sprays of antibiotics.
To cure the acute form of laryngitis, folk remedies that exert anti-inflammatory, analgesic, softening and bactericidal effects are used.
To eliminate dryness and irritation, infusions for rinses and inhalations from sage, bird cherry, marigold, chamomile, elderberry, linden flowers are prepared.
Treatment of chronic form
Chronic form of laryngitis requires long-term treatment with medications, often not at home, but in a polyclinic or hospital.
специальный A special syringe is used to inject solutions of antibiotics or oils into the larynx. When pronouncing the sound “and” the medicine, being on the vocal folds, causes a cough and splashes on the laryngeal mucosa.
Inhalations are carried out with peach or apricot oil. The use of 1% menthol oil helps to reduce secretion. For rinsings and inhalations also essential oils of bergamot, cedar, sage of pine, lavender, sandalwood, incense, cypress.
The throat is rinsed with bark of oak, viburnum, St. John’s wort, alder, immortelle, prepare the following dues for inhalations:
Treatment of chronic atrophic laryngitis is not always successful. Medical efforts are aimed at moistening the larynx, eliminating the formed crusts, stimulating secretion.
Intakes of table salt with iodine or oil are prescribed, treatment of the larynx with a solution or spray Lugol , treatment with medicines.
Treatment of laryngitis with folk remedies
In treating various forms of the disease, folk remedies are used, they are not difficult to prepare at home.
Honey with carrots . Add a glass of carrot juice 1с.л. honey. Take 1 tsp. several times a day.
Honey and lemon juice . Mix 1/2 cup of lemon juice and a glass of honey. Take 1 hour. every 5 minutes. Lemon juice can be replaced with cranberry juice.
Honey and plantain juice . Stir in equal parts honey and juice of plantain, to languish on a water bath for half an hour. Store in a cool, dark place. Take 1 tsp. three times a day for the treatment of laryngitis.
Carrot and milk . Boil 100 g of carrots in 0.5 liter of milk, drain. Take the inside of the glass three times a day, gargle.
Garlic and milk . Grind 1-2 cloves of garlic, boil in a glass of milk. Warm warm milk in small sips for half an hour.
Raisin and onion . Cook in 1 / 2l of water 50g of raisins for 15 minutes, add the juice of the bulb. Take 50ml 3-4 times a day.
Decoction of turnip . Brew a glass of boiling water 2 tsp. crushed turnip pulp, cook over low heat for 15 minutes. Take 1/4 glasses 4 times a day, before use, add a little boiling water.
Onion peel . For the treatment of the chronic form of the disease by 1 second. onion husks, St. John’s wort, plantain leaves brew 1 liter of boiling water, insist, drain. Take 1/4 cup for half an hour before meals 7-10 days.
To improve the expectoration during home treatment of laryngitis in acute or chronic form, prepare:
Mother-and-Stepmother . To quickly cure laryngitis, brew 1 tsp. crushed leaves of mother-and-stepmother 1 / 2l of boiling water, insist for an hour, drain. To eliminate inflammation, cough, better separation of sputum, take a warm infusion of 1 tsp. 4 times a day, do inhalation.
Voice loss . To treat the throat when losing a voice 1/2 cup anise seeds, brew a glass of hot water, simmer for 15 minutes. Let the broth cool down a little, strain, add 1/4 cup lime honey and 1 tsp. cognac. Take for the restoration of the ability to speak by 1 second. every half hour.
To heal the throat with laryngitis, rinses are performed every 3-4 hours: