Useful properties of lentils



Useful properties of lentils

Contents:

  • History of a useful plant
  • Composition and caloric content of lentils
  • What diseases are treated with lentil seeds
  • Benefits of germinated seeds
  • Lentils for weight loss
  • Lentil soups
  • Cutlets of lentils
  • Useful cakes
  • Contra-indications and harm of lentils

Unfortunately, less often, they cook dishes made of lentils, useful to reduce nervous excitability, blood glucose levels, improve immunity, improve heart function and vascular tone, help with weather dependence. The plant belongs to the family of legumes. In a pod, which is more correctly called a bob, a pair of seeds is formed.

The history of a useful plant

Lentil soup was prepared at the court of Ramses II , lentil bread was put into funerary burials. A lot of lentils were consumed inside Egypt, it was exported to Rome and Greece, where it served as the main food product of the common people.

From the Mediterranean lentils found themselves in Lithuania. And then, as is known from the chronicles of the monks of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, it appeared in Russia in the fifteenth century. Later it was superseded by other grains and legumes, but quite a long time used to prepare various dishes of soldier’s cuisine.

A herbaceous plant is common in countries with a temperate and hot climate. Such as modern India, the countries of Europe, North Africa, Asia. In our country the most favorable climate in the Volga region, in the south of the European part.

Depending on the size of the seeds, the large-seed variety is distinguished, and after a suitable treatment it goes on sale.

Small-seeded variety, together with green mass and straw, goes to feed animals.

Harvest is started when the pods are matured below and in the middle of the plant, the upper level ripens during storage.

The most tasty lentils are raw, since a lot of useful properties are concentrated in the shell. Other varieties are characterized by the ability to fully boil.



. By protein content, they are the leader of the legume family. In comparison with peas have a useful property to boil well, differ pleasant taste.

Lentil seeds are useful in the content of B vitamins:

  • B3 (nicotinic acid, vitamin PP) , an important element of oxidative reactions in cells. Nicotinic acid is necessary for more complete assimilation of vitamin C, it enhances its therapeutic effect.
  • B1 (thiamine) , important for maintaining the health of the heart, nervous system, gastrointestinal tract.
  • B2 (riboflavin) , involved in the creation of red blood cells, is necessary for reproductive functions and thyroid gland. Improves the look of skin, nails, hair.

The macroelements are represented by potassium , phosphorus , calcium , magnesium . In the composition of lentils there are many copper , especially useful to the female body. In addition, silicon , iron , iodine , zinc , manganese .

Even after heat treatment, a lot of useful properties remain in the lentil.

What diseases are treated with lentil seed dishes

Useful properties of lentils

About the medicinal properties of lentils knew the Roman Aesculapius. They were convinced that with everyday use of various lentil dishes, the patient becomes calmer and more balanced.

Lentil porridge stimulates metabolic processes , increases body’s defenses .

Decoctions are used in folk medicine in the case of stomach disorders . Liquid broth helps with constipation. Dense is recommended for diarrhea , liquid stool . Broths have diuretic properties.

The fiber in the cleanses the intestine .Lentil mashed potatoes are especially useful in the case of colitis , stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers .

In case of diabetes, lentil dishes are useful property to lower the glucose level in the blood.

Inclusion of them in the diet only 2-3 times a week helps the heart, normalizes the tone of the vessels, which is important for the prevention of atherosclerosis , hypertensive disease .

Regular inclusion of lentil seeds in the diet is useful for the prevention of kidney stones , liver disease .

In case of sensitivity of the organism to weather changes, magnetic storms tend to lower the acidity of gastric juice. On such days it is better to give up eating meat, fatty, spicy food. It is better to prefer porridge from lentils, peas, beans, turnips, rice, buckwheat. These dishes are also useful to prepare on the eve of adverse weather changes.

Lentil flour, mixed with egg yolk, is useful healing properties, rapid tightening of wounds. Mixing it in equal parts with butter, it is possible to effectively eliminate the consequences of burns.

As is well known, During germination, a complex biochemical reaction occurs. As a result, the beneficial properties of lentil seeds multiply.

How to germinate lentils:

  1. Wash seeds, lay them on a shallow wide dish. Pour a little warm water to make them completely submerged.
  2. After a day, gently rinse, put in the same container, cover with a loose natural cloth (cotton, linen, several times folded gauze). Place in a cool place, but to scatter light. For example, on the windowsill.
  3. During the next day, sprinkle lentil seeds with water every few hours, keeping the necessary humidity level. It is possible to perform 1-3 times more careful washing without damaging the tender shoots.
  4. If the length was insufficient, continue germination for another day, not forgetting about moisturizing and rinsing.
  5. When the length is sufficient, rinse again. Store sprouted lentil sprouts in the refrigerator.

Germinated seeds are useful as an independent dish, and also add to salads.

Lentil for weight loss

Useful properties of lentils

Lentil diet is useful for reducing weight to three kilograms per week. An indispensable condition during a diet is to drink during the day to 1.5 liters of clean water.

To achieve the result, you will have to somewhat restrict the diet. The breakfast, lunch, supper menu options are presented below: Breakfast :

  • a whole-grain bread sandwich with butter and a slice of ham;
  • pair of toasted pieces of bread, low-fat cottage cheese, 100 g of honey;
  • 50 g muesli, 150 lean yoghurt, pear.

Lunch :

  • a plate of thick lentil soup;
  • lentil cakes 200g;
  • 2-3 cutlets from lentils;
  • mixture of boiled lentils with mashed potatoes 300g.

Dinner :

  • vegetable soup;
  • low-fat cottage cheese 250g;
  • persimmon 3-4p .;
  • a pair of pieces of lean boiled fish;
  • vegetable salad;
  • mushroom broth.

Lenticular soups

Useful properties of lentils

Simple soup . Go through 1 glass of seeds, cook in 1 liter of water over low heat until they become soft. Add 2-3 cloves of garlic, sprinkle with herbs.

Soup puree . Rub 0.5 kg of lentils, rinse, pour 1.5 liters of water. Cook, adding not chopped onions, carrots, celery root. When the seeds and vegetables become soft, take out the vegetables, pour a little broth into a separate bowl.Wipe lentil seeds with decoction, if necessary, mashing the puree to the desired density. Let the soup boil, add 100 g of cream, 2 egg yolks, 50 g of butter.

Cutlets of lentils

Boil 250 g of seeds, pour part of the broth into a separate bowl, mash the contents to make a puree of the necessary density. When it has cooled, add 50 g of flour, spices, stir. After washing the cutlets, fry in vegetable oil.

Useful cakes

Pour 200 g of lentils for 1-2 hours with warm water to make it swell. Boil until softened, mash mashed potatoes. Add chicken egg, 1-2 tsp. flour, chopped onion. Form cakes, bake in the oven.

Contra-indications and harm of lentils

The plant belongs to the family of legumes, so cooked meals increase gassing .

Do not abuse the useful product in the case of joint diseases , gout , with dyskinesia , motor biliary tract disorders.

Legumes of any kind are prohibited with cholecystitis (gallbladder inflammation).

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