Abdominal cramps in pregnancy

Abdominal cramps in pregnancy


  • Natural muscle contractions in small gestation periods
  • Digestive disorders
  • Threat of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy
  • False contractions

It’s no secret that during the period of gestation child in the female body there are significant changes. In some cases this causes some discomfort. Thus, abdominal cramps may appear during pregnancy. They can be associated with changes in the hormonal background or natural physiological causes.

Natural muscle contractions in small gestation periods

Spasm is caused by contraction of certain muscles. In a number of cases, this is perfectly natural, and therefore there is nothing to worry about. As a rule, it is not worthwhile to pay attention to cramps of the uterus at a small gestation period. In the future, the uterus continues to increase in size, its muscles are stretched even more, which can cause some discomfort.

As a result of changes in the hormonal background, the ligaments supporting the uterus become more elastic. There is a change in the location of the abdominal organs.

If a woman has had painful periods before becoming pregnant, during the first two to three months of pregnancy, abdominal discomfort may be felt. As a rule, pain passes in two-three months.

Sometimes uncomfortable sensations appear when performing sudden movements. For example, if you quickly get up off your chair or sneeze. Cramps can appear if you overstrain your muscles. The most correct in this situation is to stop doing something and give a little rest.

At significant gestational age, the drawing pain in the abdomen can be caused by sprained ligaments and increased fetal pressure on the internal organs. In this case, to get rid of discomfort, it is recommended to wear a bandage.

The bandage is worn in the prone position and is located below, so that if you stand up, remove some of the vertical load from the abdominal muscles. Wearing a bandage should not cause discomfort.

Digestive disorders

Abdominal cramps in pregnancy

If pregnancy cramps are found in the stomach, it can be a sign of digestive difficulties.

In some cases, contractions of the abdominal muscles may be associated with bloating due to the increase in the uterus and a simultaneous decrease in the tone of the stomach, since the intestine is under increasing pressure. To avoid discomfort, you should start eating more moderately.

With increasing size and weight of the fetus, the uterus is often displaced somewhat laterally, usually to the left. Spasms in the abdomen during pregnancy in this case are caused by uneven passage of food through the intestine.

In addition, due to the action of hormones that relax the musculature of not only the uterus, but also the intestine, there is a disturbance of peristalsis. Food begins to stagnate, why constipation occurs. In this situation, do not take a laxative, it is contraindicated in pregnancy. It is necessary to consult a physician in order to determine the causes of the phenomenon more precisely and avoid any pathologies.

In any case, getting rid of constipation helps to maintain a diet. It is necessary to eat more vegetables, fruits, bread, dairy products and dried fruits.

If the discomfort on the left side of the abdomen continues for a long time and is accompanied by constipation, it is also necessary to see the doctor.

Threat of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy

It is worth paying close attention to spasms, causing significant pain and accompanied by bloody discharge. They can be a harbinger of serious conditions:

  • Spasms can signal the imminent occurrence of premature delivery .
  • Painful spasms and bleeding can signal ectopic pregnancy . This condition must be diagnosed by contacting a doctor.
  • In some cases, abdominal cramps can signal the possibility of miscarriage .About a fifth of pregnancies in the first three months ends this way. If spasms and abdominal pain are observed, even if the discharge does not contain blood, you should see the doctor as soon as possible.

False contractions

Abdominal cramps in pregnancy

Approximately at the twentieth week, the female body begins to prepare for childbirth. In this case, the uterus begins to tense up, then relax, this is called “false fights.” As a rule, they are evenly expressed, do not cause the opening of the cervix and are manifested without any system.

Normally, “false fights” are considered, which occur not more often than 4 times per hour and last about two minutes. In this situation, it is important to maintain and maintain a relaxed state. You need to take a deep breath and exhale slowly, a little bit to be like. It helps to relax the uterus on all fours with a curved back.

If “false fights” occur more than four times per hour and are accompanied by painful sensations in the back, secretions, the temperature rises, you need to see the doctor. It will be necessary to take appropriate medications that help to relax the muscles of the uterus.

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