Under the term known in medicine as cerebral palsy, it means not one disease, as someone might think, but a whole complex of diseases with disorders in various body systems.
The earliest signs of cerebral palsy (note – not to be confused with infantile paralysis) can appear immediately after the baby’s birth. But, in most cases, the disease comes to light a little later (but still in infancy).
What is the cause of the disease, and what is it? The main causes of cerebral palsy
What is cerebral palsy in a child – the basic risks and consequences of infantile cerebral palsy
The disease, which was called cerebral palsy in science, is characterized primarily by early development: in the process of development in the mother’s abdomen, at the time of birth or during the first months of life.
Regardless of the causes of the development of the disease, there is a failure in the operation of individual zones of the brain or their complete death.
The disease is characterized by …
- Early development.
- Damage to the structures of the brain (note – dorsal or head).
- Violation of motor / muscle activity.
- Possible disturbances of the psyche, hearing and sight, as well as speech and coordination of movements.
It should be noted that cerebral palsy is not a genetic or infectious disease.
At the same time, despite the severity of the disease, it lends itself to rehabilitation, which allows to correct the symptoms and improve the child’s quality of life for its socialization to the extent possible.
It is noted that the greatest percentage of cases observed among boys.
What are the possible consequences of cerebral palsy?
First of all, note the orthopedic consequences of the disease. They are relatively impaired motor activity become primary complications, with the timely elimination of which it is quite realistic to put the child in tight time on his feet.
Dystrophic processes in skeletal musculature: this complication is of the greatest importance. In the absence of competent treatment, it leads to deformation of the joints and bones – which, in turn, lead to disruption of the movement as a whole and provoke a pain syndrome.
Other possible complications of the disease include:
- Pathological muscle tone.
- Appearance of seizures.
- Having difficulties with swallowing.
- The appearance of uncontrolled movements.
- Violation of the process of urination / defecation.
- Development delay.
- Appearance of problems with sight, speech and hearing.
- Having emotional problems.
It is worth noting that the symptoms in cerebral palsy will not necessarily be expressed – it all depends on the case. Symptoms of the disease can be barely noticeable – or expressed in absolute disability, according to the extent of the CNS lesion.
It is important to say that with cerebral palsy, despite the fact that it is chronic, there is no progression.
The aggravation of the sick child’s condition can be observed only with the appearance of secondary pathologies. For example, with hemorrhages, with epilepsy or somatic manifestations.
The main causes of cerebral palsy are those at risk?
The key cause of the development of the disease is a developmental disorder – or total death – of a specific area of the brain acquired before – or immediately after – birth.
Factors that can affect the development of cerebral palsy, allocate more than 100. All these factors, potentially harmful to the nervous system of the baby, are combined in medicine into 3 groups.
Namely, the factors that are relevant to …
- The course of pregnancy.
- To the genera.
- Adaptation period of the newborn outside the womb during the first month of life (sometimes up to 2 years).
The reasons for the first group of factors include:
- Late toxicosis.
- Threat of miscarriage.
- Rhesus-conflict between mother and fetus (note – with negative rhesus mom).
- Hypoxia of the fetus.
- Infectious diseases transferred during pregnancy. The most dangerous are rubella (if the mother did not suffer from it in childhood), syphilis, and also toxoplasmosis.
- Mom’s injuries during pregnancy.
- Somatic diseases.
- Early placental abruption.
- Fetoplacental insufficiency.
The causes of the second group include:
- Traumas of a baby’s head, which they received while passing through the mother’s narrow pelvis.
- Other birth injuries.
- Gluteal presentation of the fetus.
- Violation of labor activity.
- Too much weight of the baby.
- Premature birth.
- And the most dangerous factor – rapid delivery.
The causes of the third group were determined:
- Asphyxia of newborns.
- Hemolytic disease (note – occurs on the background of rhesus-conflict).
- Aspiration with amniotic fluid.
- Disturbances in the development of the respiratory system.
- Medical stimulation of labor and acceleration of labor through the puncture of the amniotic fluid.
- The severe illnesses transmitted by the child (note – herpetic infection, meningitis or even encephalitis).
- Head injury of the baby.
- Postponed poisoning (in the child) by lead.
- Cases that could lead to hypoxia of the brain (note – blockage of the respiratory tract of anything, cord injury , drowning, etc.).
According to statistics, almost half of the children with cerebral palsy were born before the term. Unfortunately, the vulnerability of premature babies is greatest due to the incomplete development of systems and organs, which, alas, significantly increases the risk of oxygen starvation.
As for asphyxia during childbirth – it accounts for less than 10 percent of all cases of cerebral palsy.
The most common cause of the development of the disease are hidden infections in the mother (note – the degree of their toxic effect on the fetal brain is extremely high).
Analyzes of hidden infections in pregnant women – how and when to take?
It is important to note that most of the listed risk factors can not be called absolute.
In addition, the consequences of these factors can, if not prevent, then at least minimize.
Forms of infantile cerebral palsy
Specialists identify several forms of cerebral palsy, characterized primarily by the area of brain damage, as well as manifestations of the disease and other factors:
- Hyperkinetic. The causes of this form include Rh-conflict, hypoxia, poisoning of the fetus with toxins, birth trauma, fetal nutrition deficiency, etc. This form of the disease has 3 stages of development. At an early stage (note – lasts 3-4 months), seizures, malfunctions in the respiratory system and arrhythmia are noted. The initial stage (note – lasts 5-48 months) is characterized by pronounced muscular hypertonia, and later – by atrophy of individual muscles and by fixation of impaired motor activity. This form of the disease is considered the most susceptible to treatment.
- Athenical. With this form of illness, low intelligence, a complete lack of interest in the world around him and even aggression are noted. Symptoms of the form are underdevelopment of speech and optic nerves, tremor of the extremities, high muscle tone, inability to walk and even sit, and so on.
- Spastic diplegia. This form is the most common. It is characterized by the defeat of both sides of the body with an emphasis on the legs, an extremely rapid deformation of the joints, a paresis of the vocal cords, a violation of the development of the psyche and body systems, mental retardation, etc. Treatment in this case is practically useless, but there are techniques that help the child adapt to the world.
- Ctapticheskiy teperapapez. The main signs are a decrease in activity of all limbs with their subsequent deformation, pain and spasms, mental retardation, and so on. The form of the disease needs continuous treatment in order to avoid serious deterioration of health.
- Atactic. This form also has several stages of development. And if the early can only show a violation of posture and partial violations of the norm of movements, then at a severe stage the child is no longer able to serve and move at all. Unfortunately, the symptoms do not appear immediately.
- Spattico-hyperkinetic. In this case, they speak of a mixed form of the disease, manifested in the manifestation of spastic symptoms in hyperkinetic disease. Symptoms of the disease appear at an older age after a disruption in the development of any body system.
- Removable hemorrhages. The type of illness in which paralysis of the whole right side of the body is observed. The causes are usually serious infections, trauma, a stroke, a tumor, diabetes or meningitis. Usually the disease manifests itself in a more adult age.
Each form of cerebral palsy has its own peculiarities, causes of development, symptoms and methods of treatment.
The development of the disease can proceed quite differently – but it is important to recognize signs in time and immediately begin treatment, in order to avoid irreversible consequences.
Persistent treatment and regular sessions can give tangible results in almost all forms of cerebral palsy.
All information in the article is given solely for educational purposes, it may not correspond to the specific circumstances of your health, and is not a medical recommendation. Site сolady.ru recalls that you should never delay or ignore the call to the doctor!