Embracing the umbilical cord of the neck of the fetus or limbs – how dangerous and what to do?

Embracing the umbilical cord of the neck of the fetus or limbs - how dangerous and what to do? With the phenomenon of fetal cord embryos, 25% of expectant mothers face. And of course, this news is becoming an excuse not only for anxiety, but also for really serious experiences.

Is there a risk for the child and mother, what is dangerous about hanging, and what to expect during childbirth?

give birth to?

. As the crumb grows, it gradually increases in length.

This umbilical cord consists of 2 arteries, through which blood circulates with products of children’s life, an umbilical vein with the function of transporting oxygen with nutrients, and connective tissue.

Due to the jelly-like substance called “wartons jelly”, the umbilical tissue is resistant even to serious external loads – twisting, squeezing, etc.

The average length of the umbilical cord is 45-60 cm, but it is believed that the length of the cord depends on genetics, and in some cases can reach even 80 cm.

One-to-one babies of all expectant mothers are found to have an umbilical cuff that is not considered pathology, but requires special attention.

Embracing the umbilical cord of the neck of the fetus or limbs - how dangerous and what to do?

The main types of fetal cord embryo:

The most common form is a crochet around the neck. It can be …

  1. Single. It occurs most often.
  2. Double. It also occurs frequently and is not dangerous with a no-charge accusation.
  3. Three-fold. Option, which also should not panic if the doctor says that there is no reason for it.

It also happens …

  • Toughest.
  • Or not. An option that does not pose a threat to the life of a crumb.

And yet …

  1. Isolated. A variant in which the umbilical cord “hooked” only the limbs of the fetus or only its neck.
  2. And combined. In this case, several parts of the body are entangled.

In most cases, experts diagnose mild accidents that do not harm the child’s health and do not interfere with the normal course of labor.

It is also worth noting that double and single accents tend to disappear before delivery (the baby is simply unraveling himself).

What is the risk of neck crook?

The main risks include the following …

  • Fetal fetal cord and the following oxygen starvation, which begins to experience a crumb.
  • The umbilical cord tension and subsequent placental abruption (note – if the umbilical cord is too short and the hock is tight). Occurs in rare cases.
  • The appearance of microtraumas of the cervical vertebrae.
  • Deterioration of fetal nutrition and carbon dioxide transport. As a consequence, the retardation of the intrauterine development of the baby.
  • Hypoxia or asphyxia during or before the delivery. In this case, an emergency caesarean section is prescribed.
  • Possible postpartum effects on the fetus: hypertension and frequent headaches, osteochondrosis, fatigue, and so on.

As for the risk of knitting the extremities (for example, legs), here the percentage of mothers whose pregnancies are not affected by the accent is even higher, since the handles and legs are much easier to release from the umbilical cord.

Therefore, even for ultrasound usually such cases can not be fixed.

The main causes of cord embossment of the neck, limbs or fetal body – can this be avoided?

Why does the accusation arise, and what are the real reasons?

Unfortunately, nobody can name you the exact reason.

But it is believed that the accusation can result …

  • Deficiency of oxygen and nutrition. In search of “food”, the crumb actively moves in the womb, becoming entangled in the umbilical cord. Excessive activity of the fetus , which leads to entanglement of the umbilical cord in the nodule and its shortening.
  • Deficiency of motor activity of the mother. Mom’s bad habits.
  • With her abuse of cigarettes or alcohol, a child experiences oxygen starvation. Deficiency of oxygen causes the baby to move more actively. Mom’s stress and depression. The higher the adrenaline level in the mother’s blood, the higher the activity of the fetus.
  • Polyhydramnios . In this case, there is enough room for movement in the fetus, and the chances of entanglement in the umbilical cord and its tightening significantly increase.
  • The umbilical cord is too long. It happens so.
  • Pathology or mother’s disease. For example, diabetes, any infectious processes, kidney and heart disease, and so on.

Embracing the umbilical cord of the neck of the fetus or limbs - how dangerous and what to do?

Diagnosis of umbilical cord cord engorgement with ultrasound – can there be signs and symptoms of accentuation?

If the doctor gives the future mom the direction of ultrasound, then, of course, it is not worth neglecting it. It is on an ultrasound study that a doctor can monitor pregnancy and fetal status.

In case of an ultrasound in the early stages, it will be possible to determine whether a fetal cord is observed to be fettered by the umbilical cord, and at a later date – whether the toddler managed to get rid of the loop.

Also at the entrainment hold …

  • Doppler. Usually it is carried out using the same equipment on which ultrasound is carried out. This procedure allows you to determine the presence of the bump, its multiplicity, as well as the blood flow in the umbilical cord itself. With a lack of nutrition noted during the study, the specialist prescribes certain drugs to improve blood supply.
  • Cardiotocography. This procedure helps to track the mobility of the crumbs and its heart rate. To assess the real picture takes about an hour, during which experts check – with what frequency beats the heart of the fetus as it moves. Abnormalities can indicate an increasing risk of oxygen starvation.


  1. In the absence of a life threat for the baby, noted as a result of the research, the specialists take no action . First, often the little ones themselves get out of their umbilical cords before the birth, and secondly, the most crucial moment will still come during childbirth. And until delivery, only observation of the baby’s condition is required.
  2. The diagnosis of “accusation”, delivered at 20-21 weeks, does not carry any threat : the chances of unraveling the umbilical cord on the child’s own are still extremely high.
  3. The diagnosis of “hugging” after 32 weeks is also not a sentence and no reason for panic , but only a reason – to treat your condition more carefully and follow all the prescriptions of the doctor.
  4. Of course, when entering the maternity hospital about the accusation, you should notify your doctor (if suddenly there is no such information in the medical chart).

What are the signs that a mother can independently suspect the accusation?

There are no specific signs – except what the doctor discovers by the results of the above procedures – does not exist.

But if you listen to the behavior of your puzozhitelya, you can feel that the crumb became excessively sluggish – or, conversely, too active.

Any changes in the behavior of the fetus, of course, cause – an additional visit to your gynecologist!

Embracing the umbilical cord of the neck of the fetus or limbs - how dangerous and what to do?

What to do when the umbilical cord is entangled – features of the tactics of labor during the cord embryo engagement

Most births with the diagnosis of “crook” are easy: the midwife simply gently removes the umbilical cord from the infant’s neck (approx. ) when it appears in the light.

With tight cuffing, and even more so when repeated and combined, when the baby is tightly entangled by the umbilical cord, and the risk of hypoxia or even strangulation increases, doctors usually decide on an emergency caesarean section.

During the entire delivery process, the baby’s heartbeat is watched closely, monitoring every 30 minutes or even more often. In addition, they are intensively monitored by ultrasound and doppler.

  • With normal fetal heartbeat, specialists usually decide on natural delivery during the entire delivery process. If the heart rhythm is disturbed, the doctor prescribes special medicines designed to stimulate labor activity.
  • There is no need to panic that “something will go wrong.” For this emergency, specialists who are naturally aware of the cord of the baby with the umbilical cord, are ready to quickly perform a cesarean section and quickly remove the crumbs.

What should I do with my mother, who was diagnosed with ultrasound for “cord embryo”?

First of all, do not panic and do not worry. Mom’s stresses always go to the detriment of the baby, and when they are accustomed, these mom’s experiences are all the more unnecessary (they stimulate the growth of adrenaline in the mother’s blood).

Mom is recommended …

  • Correctly eat – and do not overeat.
  • Maintain an active lifestyle.
  • Categorically reject all bad habits.
  • Walking more often outdoors.
  • Do not be nervous.
  • Do breathing exercises.
  • Ventilate the room more often.

Well, of course, listen to “useful advice of friends” less about treating the accusation with folk recipes.

Listen to your doctor!

All information in the article is given solely for educational purposes, it may not correspond to the specific circumstances of your health, and is not a medical recommendation. Site сolady.ru recalls that you should never delay or ignore the call to the doctor!

Leave a Reply