How to become a guide-guide from scratch – teaching the profession of a guide and the features of work

How to become a guide-guide from scratch - teaching the profession of a guide and the features of work The profession, known today as a “guide-guide”, until the end of the sixties, it can be said, was practically not there. Usually volunteers took this job – and, most often, absolutely free of charge. Concerns for conducting excursions were assigned to employees of museums and universities. As for the regular guides – there were a few.

The development of the tourist destination in tourism in the USSR started only after 1969. And today this profession is considered fashionable, profitable and prestigious.

Article content:

  1. Where and how does the guide work?
  2. Necessary skills, personal and business qualities
  3. Training profession of the guide
  4. Features of the career and salary of the guide
  5. Where to look for work as a guide-guide from scratch?

Features of the guide-guide’s work – where and how does the guide work?

So, after all, a guide or a guide? How right? And is there a difference?

There is definitely a difference.

The first, in addition to direct duties, accompanies the guests on tours, as well as in hikes or even cruises, ensures their safety and solves their everyday problems. And the second only leads tours (as a rule, the same ones) on a specific route or by an object chosen by tourists (program), telling the guests about the history of the object or the terrain.

Where do tour guides work?

Most often, the tourist’s company becomes a place of work of the guide (and also museums, etc.). But, when you reach a certain level of experience and skill, often the guides leave “for free swimming”, preferring to work for themselves.

What does the guide do?

Among the duties of the guide you can note the following:

  • Accompanying tourists and their information about the history of those or other attractions.
  • Search and thoroughly study history.
  • Development of unique (and not very – who else will get) excursion programs.
  • Coordination of tourists in emergency situations.
  • Conduct safety briefings.
  • Provide first aid if necessary.
  • Performing the functions of an interpreter.
  • Completing the excursion documents.
  • Check the documents of the participants, organize their departure and control them until the end of the excursion.
  • Knowledge of one (minimum English), and better than 2-3 foreign languages.
  • Literate speech.
  • Internal charm and artistry.
  • Sociability, ability to get along with people and quickly find a contact.
  • The ability to correctly, clearly and interestingly tell people about certain historical facts.
  • In most cases (in reputable companies) – the availability of accreditation.
  • Knowledge of museum / excursion and local history, Russian language and literature, history and ethnography, culturology.
  • Knowledge of a specific excursion direction, according to the chosen one (history, weapons, local history, etc.).
  • Personal qualities and talents, without which it is impossible to master the profession successfully:

    • Acting skills.
    • Good memory.
    • Love of history, local history.
    • Talent quickly find the right words and instantly find solutions in the most delicate situations.
    • Ability to focus people’s attention, captivate them with interesting information and completely grab attention.
    • The desire to cultivate.
    • Love for your work.
    • Speech endurance.
    • Tolerance, the ability to communicate with a wide variety of tourists and groups of tourists, including those you normally go around in a kilometer.
    • High language literacy and culturological erudition.
    • Talent of a psychologist and teacher.
    • Ability to do without an interpreter (high level of foreign spoken language).
    • High performance and physical endurance.
    • Sense of humor (you can not do without it).

    To whom does this work?

    This profession is suitable for young, hardy and attractive young men and women with a high level of intelligence and the perfect knowledge of English, with leadership qualities, collected and responsible, extremely energetic and active in life, in love with the region where they lead excursions.

    Profession tour guide – pros and cons of work

    Of the advantages of the profession, which many, you can especially highlight …

    1. Lack of routine in their work. If the guide tours from year to year remain the same, the guide is free to plan their own routes and excursions themselves, as well as make changes.
    2. Constant communication and acquaintance with new people.
    3. Permanent language practice when communicating with foreign guests.
    4. Worthy salary.
    5. Neskuchnaya work, which you can really walk with pleasure.
    6. Ability to travel and work in the open air.
    7. Prospects for the development of their business in tourism.
    8. Free schedule (if, of course, you are not a full-time employee at the museum, for example).
    9. Stability of earnings when working in cities attractive to tourists.

    Disadvantages of the profession:

    • Permanent work on the feet.
    • The need to work in any weather.
    • Meals “on the fly” (often instead of lunch you have to solve various organizational issues or even look for your lost guests).
    • Responsibility . The guide is responsible for their tourists.
    • The need to smile even to those to whom you would never smile in ordinary life.
    • Serious burden on the vocal cords.
    • Reduction of profits in the autumn and winter seasons (not everywhere).
    • Extremely serious competition.

    . But this is possible only in small towns or villages, where the flow of tourists is low, and no one thinks about the quality of the guide’s work.

    If you are serious about this profession and are going to earn good money on it, then you should approach it with all responsibility.

    1. university. не One can not do without a higher education in humanities (note: history, philology, cultural studies, etc.). Specialized faculties in modern universities are enough today. Naturally, in parallel you should learn foreign languages. English you must master perfectly at the highest cultural level. Also German, French and Chinese will not be superfluous.
    2. Courses. Lectures and trainings are held at universities and museums. After the completion of the course participants receive the relevant documents. The courses will suit those who already have the appropriate diploma.
    3. Continuing education (you can not do without it if you want to move forward, not stand still until old age).
    4. Examination for proficiency and obtaining a license.

    Where to go to study?

    • University of Management and Economics in St. Petersburg.
    • International Academy of Tourism in Moscow.
    • RSUH.
    • Institute of International Tourism in Irkutsk.
    • University of Tourism and Resorts in Sochi.
    • Center for the training of guides and guides.
    • Association of guides-translators and guides.

    Features of a career and the salary of a guide – a guide is getting a lot

    Only Petersburg for 2016 has visited more than 7 million guests.Therefore, the question of the relevance of the profession in major cities is not even worth it: tour guides are needed wherever tourists are.

    Average earnings will depend on the region and place of work. The average salary in the country is about 35,000 rubles. In Moscow and St. Petersburg in the season you can earn up to 80,000 r and more.

    The most profitable regions for guides are:

    • Moscow region and Moscow.
    • Petersburg and the Leningrad Region.
    • Krasnodar Region.

    As for the salary level, it remains the highest in Moscow today, followed by the Kemerovo Region, then the Republic of Tatarstan and St. Petersburg.

    It is worth noting that when working for a travel agency, the guide’s salary is, on average, about 2000 rubles per day per season, plus tips. When you work for yourself, such an employee naturally gets all the profit to himself.

    Is career growth possible?

    Undoubtedly, yes – as in any profession.

    And the highest point of a career is not just working for yourself, but opening your own tour desk or other business in this area of ​​the market.

    How to become a guide-guide from scratch - teaching the profession of a guide and the features of work

    Where to find work guide from scratch?

    The path to success for the future tour guide is as follows:

    1. Getting a proper education and learning a foreign language (s).
    2. Passing the courses (the average cost of quality training programs is about 50,000 rubles) – 2-4 months.
    3. Internship and exam in the museum.
    4. Obtaining accreditation, without which you can not get a really good job and conduct excursions (fine – up to 25,000 for individuals).
    5. Arrangement in a travel company, in a museum, hotel and so on.

    Accreditation – how to get, and what is it?

    Accreditation is a special permit of the state standard, which gives the right to conduct excursions for foreign guests.

    These permits are introduced to improve the quality of service for tourists coming to us.

    In total, 3 levels of accreditation are known:

    • 3-category – trainee (1 year). Requirements: a diploma from the university, a certificate of completed courses (or faculty) for a guide or guide, a document on listening to lectures about excursions in the museum and (not necessarily, but will be a plus) experience of conducting excursions in the workbook.
    • 2nd category – for specialists with experience of 2 years. The permit period is 3 years.
    • 1st category – for specialists with experience of 7 years. Accreditation is unlimited and does not require extension.

    You can obtain a license only after training, and what place to choose – each future guide decides for himself.

    Accreditations for work in Moscow and St. Petersburg (for example) are different, and there is no single certification of guides in the country.

    For example, in St. Petersburg you can get such accreditation in the city tourist information office, and in the capital – in the Association of guides and interpreters and guides.


    Finding a job with accreditation is easy if you have your own interesting routes. It is enough to come personally or send your CV to the place where you would like to get settled.

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