- Reasons for the appearance of dandruff
- What helps to get rid of dandruff on the head
- How to treat fatty and dry dandruff at home
- Folk remedies for dandruff
- Masks against dandruff
Dead skin cells on the head are regularly exfoliated, which causes dandruff. The perfect way how to get rid of dandruff, simply does not exist, because the natural process of renewing the scalp occurs constantly. Moreover, dandruff is even useful: the infection is localized with fat and removed along with the dead scales.
Causes of dandruff
On the head, in addition to sweat glands, sebaceous glands are located, lubricating and moisturizing the skin, preventing it from drying out. Breaking the activity of the sebaceous glands, when they begin to produce too much secret, leads to a painful skin condition called seborrhea .
Increased production of fat contributes to the development of symptoms seborrheic dermatitis , inflammatory skin damage under the influence of biological, chemical, physical factors.
It is believed that with seborrhea, you have to get rid of dandruff when the fungus settles on the head surface Pitirosporum oval ( Pitirosporum ovale ). In combination with seborrhea there is a profuse exfoliation of characteristic scales. Separate seborrhea and fungus may not cause this reaction.
Infection with fungus occurs when visiting hairdressing salons, if they do not pay due attention to sanitary and hygienic measures, thorough disinfection of brushes, combs.
Excessive production of sebum in seborrhea disrupts the protective function of the scalp. The isolated secret ceases to effectively neutralize the infection from the outside, which leads to excessive reproduction Pitirosporum oval . The protective forces of a healthy organism successfully limit the growth of the fungus population, which occurs in 90% of people.
Various factors can cause dandruff:
- hereditary predisposition;
- disruption of the digestive system;
- disruption of the functioning of the central nervous system;
- hormonal changes;
- weakening of immunity;
- exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- unbalanced diet;
- Inadequate intake of vitamins and microelements necessary for hair.
Dandruff appears due to stress, chronic lack of sleep, overwork. Environmental factors are affected – use of poor quality water to wash hair, ignoring the headgear, especially if the urban atmosphere is saturated with industrial emissions.
Formation of characteristic scales can cause the use of improperly selected shampoo, incorrect hair care, especially when the scalp is overdried.
What helps to get rid of dandruff on the head
To maintain healthy hair, the scalp requires the following vitamins:
- B3 (nicotinic acid, vitamin PP), is contained in fish , peanuts ;
- B6, is a part of pork , liver , nuts , vegetables ;
- F, a lot in mackerel , fish oil , avocado , fruit .
To improve the condition of the hair, getting rid of dandruff in the diet is useful to include medical yeast .
Using the following natural remedies in hair masks and shampoos helps to eliminate dandruff:
- Calendula stimulates metabolic processes.
- Chamomile strengthens the hair roots.
- Burdock prevents hair loss, eliminates seborrhea.
Antifungal action is exerted by pyrithione, ketoconazole, zinc. To normalize the secretion of sebaceous glands, salicylic acid , tar is used.
How to treat fatty and dry dandruff at home
As a rule, the need to get rid of dandruff occurs when the scalp and hair have a mass of scales. They fall off when combing, they contaminate clothes, which makes the appearance unkempt.
An easy way to get rid of scaling is to change the shampoo . Moreover, even the most wonderful shampoo is not recommended for a long time. Hair quickly gets used to a certain composition and over time its effect becomes less effective. Some people buy two different shampoos, alternating each week.
Helps <medical treatment shampoo , which includes sulfur, zinc, salicylic acid. These substances eliminate the manifestation of seborrhea, suppress the activity of the fungus.
The remedy is applied in stages: first, it is necessary to reduce the fungus population, after maintaining the health of the scalp and hair.
In the beginning, the head is washed with a therapeutic shampoo against dandruff twice a week. After a month, enough times in one to two weeks.
If you can not get rid of dandruff shampoo, you should contact your dermatologist or beautician for treatment.
An effective way to get rid of dandruff – cleanse the intestines of parasites and accumulated harmful substances.
Some people are helped by the washing of the head with laundry soap.
After washing the head, rinsing hair with the following composition helps: in 2L of water, dilute 1 tsp. ammonia alcohol , 1 ч.л. food soda .
- When dry ( simple ) dandruff hair ceases to shine, scales grayish white.
- Oily ( stearin ) yellowish dandruff, sloughs off the head are much more difficult.
To cope with fatty dandruff the following mask helps:
- Tear on a water bath for 10 minutes 50 g of leaves peppermint in 2 glasses of water, allow to cool, drain. Add 3 seconds. fresh juice carrots , 1с.л. juice lemon , 1 ч.л. vinegar . Rub into the scalp after washing hair, after 30 minutes rinse with warm water and gently wipe with a soft towel.
Eliminate fatty dandruff also helps essential oils cedar , rosemary , lemon . Oil rub at night in the scalp, in the morning, rinse with shampoo.
Fat hair is useful mustard . Dilute 1 second. in two glasses of warm water, wash your hair, afterwards rinse with water, acidified with vinegar .
Mustard powder is well washed, strengthens hair, destroys dandruff, the hair becomes soft and silky.
To get rid of fatty dandruff, mix 10 parts of the tincture of the calendula with 1 part castor oil . Rub the mixture 1-2 times a day.
Against oily dandruff shampoos with calendula extract , mother-and-stepmother , burdock помогают help. In the shampoo immediately before use, you can add a drop of tea tree oil .
Prescription for combating dandruff in case of oily scalp:
- Prepare a mixture of 10 g of alcohol , 20 g of castor oil , 10 g of birch tar. Rub a few hours before washing your hair.
If dry skin dandruff is accompanied by skin itching, essential oils lavender , juniper , geranium , sandal , used together with oil, help to eliminate discomfort jojoba .
In case of dry dandruff, scalp flaking, mix 1 tsp. castor and vegetable oils, add 2 p.s. melted honey , 1 ч.л. sour cream , 0.5l infusion of melissa and peppermint , taken 1 tsp. Rub the formula into the skin 3 hours before washing your head. At the end, rinse your hair with soft boiled water.
To eliminate dry dandruff, mix the tincture of calendula with a similar amount of castor oil. Wipe 1-2 times a day.
If the hair is dry, split, a mass of dandruff is formed, prepare the next broth for rinsing:
- Mix a glass of cold water and a glass of bran , bring to a low heat until boiling, boil for 2-3 minutes. Allow to cool slightly, add a third glass of white wine , insist 30 minutes, strain. Before rinsing, dilute the product with the same amount of warm water.
Folk remedies for dandruff
Purity. Brew 1с.л. dry herbs celandine half a glass of boiling water, insist 15 minutes, drain. Add 300g crumb rye bread . After 10 minutes, mix, apply mass to wet hair, wrap with polyethylene and towel. After half an hour, rinse your head with warm water without using shampoo.
Nettle strengthens the hair, helps to get rid of dandruff. Brew 1с.л. dried leaves with a glass of boiling water, insist an hour, drain. Moisten with infusion of hair immediately after washing your head, lightly rubbing into the skin. Do not wipe your hair. Apply once a week for several months.
St. John’s Wort. Prepare the infusion St. John’s Wort , brewing 1 second. herbs in a glass of boiling water. After 4 hours drain, add as much warm boiled milk . Moisten hair for 5-10 minutes, rinse with warm water without using shampoo.
Cabbage juice. The juice of fresh cabbage helps against dandruff, it is rubbed into the scalp.
To prevent hair loss, eliminate dandruff, use decoction mother-and-stepmother and in half with nettles .
Masks against dandruff
- Dilute with sour milk 20g brewer’s yeast , add yolk chicken egg . Apply to hair for 1.5 hours. Wash off the compound with warm water, wash your face with baby soap.
- Grind 1 tsp. leaves plantain and burdock , brew 0.5 liters of boiling water. After 20 minutes strain, mix with 2 tsp. juice aloe , egg yolk . Rub into the scalp, after 2 hours wash off with shampoo.
- Rub garlic cloves , mix with 1 ton of l. honey , add 50g red wine . Rub into the roots of wet clean hair for half an hour.
- Pod of red stinging pepper pour a glass water and vodka , infuse for a week. Tincture rubbed with a cotton swab 1-2 times a week before washing into the scalp.
- Loss 300 g fresh cucumber , mix the resulting juice with 70 g vodka . Apply to get rid of dandruff. Keep the composition in a closed container in the refrigerator.
- Shred bark willow , roots burdock , leaves nettle , petals nasturtium . Brew 4 tablespoons. a liter of boiling water, simmer over half an hour, let cool, drain. Wash the broth every day. If the hair is weak, every three days. After application, rinse hair without shampoo, do not use hair dryer, lacquer, foam.
- Grind the bunch parsley , dill , brew 0.5 liters of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes. Allow to cool, drain, add 50ml infusion of pine needles, yolk , 1 ч.л. vegetable oil , 1 ч.л. honey , mix thoroughly. Apply to hair to get rid of dandruff, wrap with polyethylene, towel. After an hour wash off with warm water. Apply twice a week for a month.
- Half an hour before washing your head, moisten your hair with a month’s infusion of the tea fungus.
- To get rid of dandruff, apply 3 hours before washing your head on hair kefir or curdled milk .
- Highlight 1с.л. crushed tansy in 400ml of boiling water for 2 hours. Wash your head every other day for a month or two.