Oral hygiene

Oral hygiene


  • How to properly brush your teeth
  • How to store your toothbrush
  • How to choose a toothbrush
  • Mouth hygiene with an electric toothbrush
  • Choosing the right toothpaste
  • Which irrigation agent to choose for oral hygiene
  • How to use flossing
  • Interdental space hygiene with toothpick and brushes
  • Diseases of the teeth and oral mucosa
  • Prevention of oral diseases by hydrogen peroxide
  • Home remedies for sex Mouth of mouth

To keep your teeth and gums healthy, do not get sick, you need proper daily hygiene of the oral cavity. Otherwise, diseases of the oral mucosa may develop – gingivitis, stomatitis, periodontitis, periodontitis, and caries.

How to properly clean teeth

Oral hygiene

traditional and familiar way to maintain hygiene – regular cleansing of toothbrush from the oral microorganisms and of plaque formed.

Movement in the purification outer and inner surfaces of teeth :

  • bristles positioned at the base of the gums at an acute angle of about 45 degrees;
  • moving the brush towards the tooth, sweeping away the deposits from the gums and enamel, slightly turning the handle while moving, so that the bristles at the masticatory surface of the tooth are located at right angles to the side surface;
  • without touching the lateral surface of the teeth and gums, transfer the bristles to the base of the gum and repeat the movement at least 10 times.

Movement for cleaning <style

                • move back and forth parallel to the outer and inner lateral surfaces of the teeth.

                In the interdental spaces, the plaque is then easily removed with dental floss.

                When brushing your teeth, you should stick to a certain scheme, which can be the following:

                • start cleaning teeth, massage the gums of the lower jaw from the left outer side towards the front teeth, continue oral hygiene from the front to the back teeth deep into the right side;
                • go to cleaning the inner lateral surface of the right side, the front teeth, the left side surface;
                • Clean the chewing surface of the lower jaw first left, then right.

                Similarly, brush the teeth of the upper jaw.

                If the oral hygiene is incorrect, when the movements are directed along the lateral side of the tooth row perpendicular to the interdental spaces, the formed plaque is between the teeth. To prevent this from happening, the movements of the bristles must be just sweeping and in the vertical direction, as described above.

                Cleansing the oral cavity according to the proposed scheme takes about 4 minutes, teeth cleaned in the morning and evening.

                To avoid diseases of the oral cavity, first the hygienic procedure should be rinsed with the mouth. Then clean the hands of rinse the bristles of the toothbrush, apply a little paste, brush your teeth.

                How to store the toothbrush

                Oral hygiene

                To avoid dental diseases, inflammation of the mucosa, after oral hygiene, wash the brush with warm water and soap, then soap the stubble and leave it as it is next use.

                The bathroom is a convenient, but not the most suitable place for storing toothbrushes due to hygienic considerations. Humidity, heat, darkness create favorable conditions for the reproduction of various microorganisms.

                The bristles of the brush between use should remain dry, protected from penetration of dust and insects. Keep toothbrush in a special plastic case can only be in dry form and only for the duration of the trip. Otherwise, different bacteria multiply on its surface.

                There are special sterilizers for toothbrushes that work on batteries.Under the action of a portable ultraviolet ozone lamp, most of the bacteria on the bristles die.

                Every several days it is recommended to disinfect bristles, immersing it in a pile of alcohol, mouthwash, 3% hydrogen peroxide.

                Keep the brush in the upright position with the handle down, so the bristle dries out faster. To exclude the possibility of spreading pathogenic bacteria to other brushes, for storage it is worth using an individual cup or special holder.

                How to choose a toothbrush

                Oral hygiene

                For proper oral hygiene, prevention of mucosal diseases, it is necessary to choose the right toothbrush correctly.

                Bristles made from artificial fiber meet hygiene requirements much better than natural bristles. Inside the villi there is no channel, their surface is smooth, and the end is rounded.

                One of the main parameters that you should pay attention to is the stiffness of the bristles. There are five degrees of rigidity: very rigid, hard, medium, soft, very soft.

                As a rule, most adults, if there are no diseases of the oral cavity, are suitable medium-hard brushes. Children’s toothbrushes are made with soft and very soft bristles. A very stiff bristle is used to clean the enamel of the teeth of smokers.

                When choosing a toothbrush, it is worth paying attention to such an indicator as the frequency of the bristle tufts . Optimum is the distance between the beams of 2.5 mm. Too often the location makes it difficult to care and hygienic processing, it does not always allow cleaning hard-to-reach surfaces.

                Often, each bunch of villi is conically shaped, which facilitates penetration into the interdental spaces.

                A brush with tufts of villi of equal length parallel to each other is considered to be classical. This design copes well with dental plaque, it does not injure the gums.

                The head on which the bundles of villi are fixed should not be too long. With the help of a relatively small head, it is easier to clean the mouth cavity, and the area of ​​the working field is sufficient to not make additional movements.

                It is quite enough 7-11mm wide and up to 30mm head length at the toothbrush for adults, and 17-25mm head length brushes for children.

                As a rule, the toothbrush must be replaced once a month. Some models are equipped with a special indicator – colored villi. Once they become discolored to the middle, a replacement is necessary.

                As a rule, a month later, a maximum of microorganisms accumulates in the bristle, and the hygiene remedy turns into a hotbed of infection.

                After the transferred disease of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity it is necessary to replace even a new brush, so that there is no repeated infection. In addition, the toothbrush should be replaced, if the villi began to fall out, lost shape, became shorter.

                Hygiene of the mouth with an electric toothbrush

                Oral hygiene

                Some people choose electric instead of a traditional brush. According to the research, there are no special advantages for this device.

                Certain convenience is the performance with the help of the motor necessary for proper oral hygiene movements, and with a high frequency, about 50 times per minute. Often, the right movements when cleaning teeth are not performed even by many adults.

                You can buy an electric toothbrush for children, as well as for the elderly, who are difficult to perform precise coordinated movements.

                Choosing the right toothpaste

                Oral hygiene

                Hygienic . As a rule, this group includes children’s varieties. They contain no therapeutic substances, they are designed exclusively for oral hygiene.

                Baby pastes are characterized by reduced abrasiveness, as well as a reduced concentration of various additives.

                After six years, the child can be allowed to use adult pastes, if they do not cause discomfort, as, for example, sometimes happens when applying mint pastes.

                Medical preventive . With the help of toothpastes of this variety, not only the cleansing, but also the therapeutic effect is achieved due to the action of the components included in them.

                For caries prevention in the composition contains fluoride compounds. In its pure form, this element is a poison, but in small amounts, bone tissue is needed.

                Compounds of fluoride, as well as calcium and phosphorus, strengthen healthy teeth, but in the presence of caries have an undesirable effect, because caries goes into a latent form, which can cause various complications.

                In the case of diseases of the oral mucosa – for example, bleeding or inflammation of the gums – it is recommended to use anti-inflammatory toothpastes . They contain extracts of various plants: sage, chamomile, carnations, calendula, St. John’s wort, bark of oak, mint, green tea, pine, juniper.

                So-called salt pastes help to remove mild plaque, improve blood circulation in the gums.

                In case of increased sensitivity of the teeth, it is worth using desensitic paste . The abrasive particles included in the composition are of a minimal size and therefore hardly irritate.

                Other special substances form a protective film on the tooth surface that reduces sensitivity. If the enamel becomes gray over time, it is necessary to brush your teeth several times with traditional paste.

                For reduced salivation paste with low foaming properties, enriched with special enzymes, is used.

                зуб To remove dental plaque and prevent its formation, toothpastes with antiplock properties применяются are used.

                от To brighten the tooth enamel, whitening pastes are used. The effect is achieved mechanically by means of abrasive particles or by the effect on the enamel of the chemical component.

                When performing oral hygiene pastes with increased abrasiveness – they include silicon dioxide or a natural component of papain – the sensitivity of the teeth increases, the gums are more injured. Chemicals in mindless and prolonged use can weaken the tooth enamel.

                Do not use the same paste for a long time. To prevent diseases of the oral mucosa, dental health, it is allowed to use the same paste for a month. After you need to make a monthly break, use any other paste.

                To achieve a healing effect, you can also brush your teeth in the morning with one paste, and in the evening, with the one recommended by the dentist.

                Today, along with the usual toothbrushes and toothpastes during the morning and evening oral hygiene, other devices are used: irrigators , dental floss , toothpicks , interdental brushes .

                . The device is especially necessary for those who have crowns or bridges.

                Irrigators of different models support the basic modes of operation:

                • Inkjet . A strong jet removes food particles.
                • Shower . Due to a larger spray and a smaller head, the smallest particles remaining after the application of the jet regime are washed out.
                • Hydromassage .In this mode, hydromassage of the gums is performed, which improves blood circulation and prevents various diseases of the oral cavity.

                In stationary version the appliance operates from the mains and is equipped with individual nozzles for each family member.

                The portable irrigator is relatively low-power, creates a less powerful jet, the energy comes from the built-in battery.

                In case of heart disease, rheumatism should be consulted with a doctor before choosing an irrigator.

                Using an irrigator does not replace the performance of oral hygiene with a toothbrush. Moreover, the device is used 2-3 times a week, after brushing your teeth. More frequent use can injure the gums.

                The hygienic procedure is best done with boiled water at room temperature or with a special liquid. As a rule, tap water for cleaning the mouth is not good.

                The technique of cleaning is simple: the nozzle is placed opposite the interdental space near the gum, so that a stream of water flushes the food remnants at an acute angle to the masticatory surface.

                How to use flossing

                Oral hygiene

                After cleaning teeth, the interdental spaces are cleaned with floss ( floss ).

                The filaments are round or flat. Round fit with considerable width of the interdental spaces, flat ones penetrate between densely standing teeth.

                Dental threads are impregnated with a special composition that destroys microorganisms, as well as flavors. Under the action of saliva, they glide remarkably.

                To use a dental floss is simple:

                • the tensioned thread is inserted between the teeth to the gum;
                • press against one tooth;
                • pushing back and forth to the masticatory surface of the sediment;
                • then carefully, not to injure the gum, press the thread to the adjacent tooth and similarly clean its surface.

                The thread can be pulled by hand. A small piece of 30-40cm is fixed on the first phalanx of the middle fingers. Fingers of one hand are inserted into the oral cavity, the filament is guided by index fingers or thumbs.

                Sometimes flosset is included – a special device with a handle and two protrusions for fastening between them in the tightened position of the dental floss.

                Flosset is used for increased gag reflex, it makes it possible to brush your teeth for a small child.

                Hygiene of the interdental space with a toothpick and brushes

                Oral hygiene

                > Toothpicks help to remove stuck particles of fibrous food from the mouth. For their production is used wood, plastic, they are of round, triangular, rectangular cross section.

                If the distance between the teeth and the thickness of the toothpick allows the food particle to be pushed out from the outside inwards, without moving the toothpick in the direction from the gum to the chewing surface of the tooth.

                Otherwise, the toothpick can get stuck, and its pointed tip break. For some time, the broken tip will remain in your mouth until it softens or begins to rot.

                In addition, an inadvertent motion of a toothpick can injure the gum between the teeth.

                In the case of fairly wide interdental spaces, miniature brushes are used to clean orthopedic structures, remove plaque and deposits between the teeth.

                They differ in the stiffness of the bristles, the shape of the working surface – cylindrical or conical, and also in diameter. It is best to choose the right size during a visit to the dentist.

                The brush is inserted between the teeth, and the side surfaces are cleaned by turning the handle.

                Diseases of the teeth and oral mucosa

                Oral hygiene

                One of the important rules for the prevention of dental and gum disease is the observance of elementary hygiene rules, which consist in rinsing the mouth with warm water after eating. A drop of lemon juice can be added to the water.

                Instead of rinse water, it is recommended to use water-alcohol extracts of medicinal plants, for example, chamomile and marigold.

                You should train yourself to thoroughly chew your food. The use of hard food naturally massages the gums, which improves their blood circulation, reduces the risk of diseases of the oral cavity.

                In the oral cavity, where moist, warm, enough food, a lot of microorganisms live. If the hygiene of the oral cavity is not respected, teeth and gums begin to hurt, and the mucous membrane is affected.

                Through the mouth, the infection spreads throughout the body, it appears in the internal organs, becomes the true cause of arthritis, vision disorders, hearing, smell.

                Toxic products found in the blood create an increased burden on the kidneys, heart, and digestive system.

                Caries . When the disease softens and destroys the dental tissue, a cavity is formed inside the tooth. The exact cause is unknown. The most likely is hereditary predisposition, the abuse of sweet, buns, insufficient intake of calcium, fluoride, phosphorus, and non-compliance with oral hygiene, slowing the development of caries.

                Gingivitis . When the disease affects the tissues of the gums. The development of pathology contributes to violations of the endocrine system, an incorrect bite. In the beginning the gum starts to itch, swelling, bleeding between the teeth is formed. Then there are sores, starts to smell badly from the mouth.

                Antiseptic solutions for rinses are used in the treatment, dentogingival pockets are scraped out.

                Stomatitis . Inflammatory process in the oral mucosa often develops after measles, viral diseases. It provokes beriberi, general intoxication, diseases of the digestive, endocrine, nervous systems, impaired metabolism, improper hygiene of the oral cavity. Stomatitis can occur after a mechanical injury to the mucosa. The resulting wound turns into a non-healing sore.

                Gums begin to hurt, they swell, bleed, sometimes a characteristic white coating appears. The disease is treated with various antiseptic agents, the use of multivitamins.

                Galitoz . The cause of bad smell from the mouth is often the excessive multiplication of colonies of microorganisms in the oral cavity. The disease can develop with insufficient hygiene of the mouth, the base of the tongue, the palate.

                A bad smell occurs when caries, when it is difficult or impossible to thoroughly clean the affected area, remove the remnants of food.

                Halitosis is observed in the case of insufficient saliva production, which naturally cleanses the mouth, which is often observed under stress.

                A bad smell appears during periods of exacerbations of chronic diseases of the ENT organs, the gastrointestinal tract, an increase in the level of female hormones causing the epilation of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and the growth of populations of microorganisms that release hydrogen sulphide.

                Dental stone is formed by sealing the plaque deposited at the points of contact of the tooth with the gum, as well as in the spaces between the teeth. Plaque consists of particles of food, mucus, pathogenic microorganisms. The color is gray or dirty yellow, smoking is dark or black due to the action of tobacco tar. If you do not regularly remove deposits with oral hygiene, they become densified and turn into tartar.

                The appearance of tartar can lead to the development of gingivitis, and subsequently periodontitis. Formed petrified deposits are removed in the dentist’s office with a special ultrasound device.

                Periodontitis . When the disease inflames the tissue surrounding the tooth. In the gums, there is burning, itching, numbness.It turns red or gets a cyanotic shade, swells, as it crawls on the tooth. There is a bad smell from the mouth.

                When the disease develops, the gum, on the contrary, slides, revealing the neck of the tooth. When pinched, pus and blood are secreted. With time, teeth loosen and begin to fall out.

                The disease is quite common, many people suffer after 30 years of age. The reasons are the lack of vitamins P and C, disruption in the endocrine system, tartar, unhealed caries, incorrect bite, improper hygiene of the oral cavity.

                Prophylaxis of diseases of the oral cavity with hydrogen peroxide

                Oral hygiene

                It is believed that the cause of caries, periodontitis are the particles of food left in the mouth. They begin to rot, why this or that disease develops.

                Actually, particles of rotting food rarely cause caries. The destruction of teeth is primarily due to the use of modern, not always healthy and healthy foods.

                Eskimos, representatives of island tribes never brush their teeth, do not buy modern food. Nevertheless, the health of their mouths will envy many “civilized” people.

                Experiments on rats have established that aluminum and silicon, considered insoluble substances and part of toothpastes, can be absorbed by the intestine. As a result of its inflammation, the lumen narrows at the junction of the large intestine with the thin, sometimes surgical intervention is required.

                Advocates of hydrogen peroxide therapy advise:

                • perform regular oral hygiene 3% hydrogen peroxide mixed with baking soda or toothpaste without fluoride;
                • after brushing your teeth, always flush the toothbrush with hydrogen peroxide;
                • in the morning and after dinner, refresh your breath by rinsing your mouth with a 3% peroxide solution.

                Diseases of the oral mucosa – ulcers, inflammations – are also treated with hydrogen peroxide.

                In addition, this drug is used to treat halitosis caused by ENT disease. When mucus (snot) is delayed in the nasal passages due to various reasons, an infection develops in them, which becomes the cause of the stench.

                For the treatment of bad smell from the mouth, dilute 15 drops of a 3% peroxide solution in a tablespoon of water, bury two times a day in each nostril.

                Home remedies for oral diseases

                Oral hygiene

                In the case of toothache gently rinse the mouth with warm decoction sage ,

                yarrow , holding the liquid in your mouth for several minutes. A piece of camphor , attached to a toothache with chewing gum, also helps.

                In case of caries mix 2 pieces of common oregano , 2 parts St. John’s wort , 4 parts peppermint . Brew 3 tablespoons collecting 300 ml of boiling water, simmer over low heat for 2 minutes, insist 2 hours, drain. Apply for oral hygiene, eliminate odor 2-3 times a day.

                From stomatitis the following remedies help:

                • Rinse the mouth with a seven-day infusion of tea mushroom .
                • Rinse fresh grass celandine , chop, 2 p.s. pour a glass of sea buckthorn oil . Infuse in a dark cool place for two days, drain. Lubricate the mucous membrane of the mouth several times a day.
                • Brew 1sp. St. John’s wort of perforated and 1с.л. chamomile pharmacy a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour, drain. Rinse the mouth with diseases of the mucosa.
                • It is useful to chew parsley , it is a wonderful antiseptic, it helps to heal wounds. It is useful to take a mixture of parsley juice , fresh beet and potatoes (2 tsp four times a day), as well as a mixture of parsley , carrot and potato juices (3 times per day day).

                For remove odor from mouth :

                • rinse mouth 3% hydrogen peroxide 3-4 times a day.
                • wash and clean 50g horseradish root , pass through a meat grinder, pour a glass of vodka , insist 3 days, drain. Add a few drops in a glass of warm water, rinse your mouth.

                To provide antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects In case of diseases of the oral mucosa, the following folk remedies are used:

                • Fresh Horseradish root Crush with a blender, squeeze out juice through a gauze . Add it to warm water, rinse your mouth several times a day;
                • grind 3 pieces of l. sea buckthorn leaves , 1с.л. calendula flowers , brew with two glasses of boiling water, simmer 10 minutes in a water bath, allow to cool, drain, use for rinses;
                • rinse your mouth with fresh cabbage juice , diluted with the same amount of warm water.

                In the case of gingivitis, periodontitis, the following treatment results:

                • massage the gums with fir oil ;
                • mix 3 parts of the oak bark , 2 parts lime-colored , brew 1 tsp. mix with a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, strain. Use for rinsing with diseases of the oral mucosa;
                • rinse your mouth with 1% hydrogen peroxide 3-4 times a day;
                • rub in the gums morning and evening gruel from one part baking soda and one part 3% hydrogen peroxide ;
                • mix a small amount toothpaste with a few drops of 3% n hydrogen peroxide , brush your teeth.

                For the soonest healing of wounds and ulcers for various diseases of the oral cavity such folk remedies are used:

                • Brew 2 tsp. shredded leaves of plantain a glass of boiling water, insist 15 minutes, drain. Rinse with a warm infusion of the mouth.
                • Brew 1sp. grass swaths swamp a glass of boiling water, insist 45 minutes, drain. Rinse your mouth for prompt healing of the mucosa.

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