The history of journalism in our country began in the distant 1702, when the first newspaper with the name “Vedomosti” appeared – by the decree of Peter the Great and published by the printing method. Older was only the handwritten newspaper “Kuranty”, which was distributed in scrolls for Tsar Alexis and close to the throne. Today, the profession of a journalist is in the TOP-20 most popular, despite a number of features and even drawbacks.
Is it worth going to this profession, and what to expect from it?
The content of the article:
- Where and how does the journalist work?
- Skills, skills, personal and business qualities of a journalist
- Where to study as a journalist in Russia?
- Salary and Career of a Journalist
- Where to look for work and how to practice?
Where and how a journalist – the pros and cons of working
At the dawn of this, popular today, the profession, the word “journalist” to be called a man whose articles were published in newspapers.
Today, even a “blogger” can write as a journalist, who writes short notes on Internet sites. Like, for example, beauty bloggers .
To journalism have the most direct relationship:
- Reporters .
- Military correspondents , leading reports from the hotspots.
- Gonzo journalists , writing from the first person and directly your opinion.
- Commentators . Specialists, whom we usually do not see, but we learn their voices, sounding, for example, in football matches.
- Observers , writing about the events in the world without emotions and from the 3rd person.
- Leading TV and radio programs – professionals with excellent diction, oratorical talent, mature and creative people.
- Internet journalists , combining several functions at once in their work.
- Copywriters , who write thematic articles, most often, remotely.
- And also critics, photojournalists and so on.
What does a journalist do?
First of all, it is the journalist’s responsibility to inform the public about various events in his country and in the world as a whole.
- Searches for information (90% of the work is information retrieval).
- Observes the object of his research.
- Takes an interview.
- Works with documents, checks facts and their reliability.
- Processes information.
- Writes articles.
- Generates materials for the editor.
- Commits events to photo-video media.
- Track the audience’s opinion and keep in touch with it.
It should be noted that the main feature of the profession is not so much informing the public as the formation of public opinion. That is why the journalist’s responsibility for his work is extremely high.
The advantages of the profession include:
- Creative status of the profession.
- The ability to “show oneself” and, as they say, “look at others.” Share your views with the audience.
- The ability to travel (note – a journalist has to almost always be on business trips, except for copywriters, bloggers, etc.).
- Often a free work schedule.
- The opportunity to participate in large-scale events, communication with famous people, “backstage visits”.
- Access to private sources of information.
- Wide opportunities for self-realization.
- Worthy salary.
The shortcomings of the profession are:
- Full employment and irregular schedule (where and for what time will be sent – the editor decides).
- Serious psychological overload.
- Frequent work in the “emergency” mode, when you have to forget about sleep and food.
- Risk to life and health. Especially when working in hot spots or in countries with a high level of threat of terrorism.
- Low chances of “climbing high”. As a rule, only a few of those young professionals who come to journalism achieve success.Competition is indeed high, and it is not always “healthy”.
- The need to constantly improve the level of professionalism, broaden your horizons and so on. Skills, skills, personal and business qualities of a journalist – is the profession right for you?
In work, a journalist will need the skill …
- Search for information and work with it (note – research, select, analyze, compare, study and evaluate facts).
- To have a lot of information.
- Highlight the main thing in the total mass of information.
- Search for an explanation of the facts and their confirmation.
- To write and speak correctly is easy and not trivial.
- Work with modern technology (PC, camera, voice recorder and so on).
In addition, a professional journalist should know well legislation . Especially in the part that concerns the media.
Among the personal qualities of a journalist, there are a lot of character traits and abilities.
But most of the work requires that this specialist be …
- Hardy, seasoned and emotionally stable.
- Communicative, courageous, quirky, self-confident (you need to be able to ask uncomfortable questions, meet uncomfortable people, work in an uncomfortable environment).
- Certainly charming (from personal charm depends very much).
- Tactful and well-read, erudite.
- Self-sensitive, tolerant, plodding.
- Curious, inquisitive.
In addition, the journalist must have an analytical thinking and memory, have imaginative thinking and a considerable amount of courage, instant reaction and developed intuition, the ability to make quick decisions and think in all conditions.
Where to study for a journalist in Russia, and what needs to be taught?
It is believed that every young journalist graduated from “journalism”. But in fact, many excellent specialists have graduated from the faculties of philosophy, philology, etc. Moreover, there are well-known journalists whose education has nothing to do with journalism.
To get a similar profession, today they enter the specialty …
- Cultural science.
- Art History.
- Literary creation. Humanities.
- Publishing, etc.
Of the most well-known institutions of higher education in which journalists are “grown up”, one can distinguish …
- Academic International Institute.
- Plekhanov Russian University.
- Samara Humanitarian Academy.
- Bauman University (Moscow).
- Higher School of Economics.
- And so on.
The compulsory curriculum includes history and an advanced course in Russian, as well as philosophy and political science, the theory of the media.
salary and career of a journalist in Russia
As for the journalist’s salary, it all depends not only on the place of work and materials subjects, but, to a greater extent on the talent of the expert. Although, of course, it is worth noting that journalists in political and economic topics are less likely to become famous and popular, but earn more.
For a beginning journalist, the salary starts from 15000-20000 rubles. In the presence of highly specialized knowledge, income becomes higher. With the growth of professionalism and seniority, the salary also rises.
Naturally, in large cities and in serious companies, the journalist’s salary will be multiples higher than that of a reporter of a small newspaper on the periphery – it can reach 90,000 rubles and higher .
Radio and television journalism is considered more prestigious, but usually the most “talkative” ones make their way on the radio, and on television they are the most attractive, active and penetrative.
And what about your career?
First the journalist works in his own name, and only then his name starts working for him.
- As a rule, starting a career begins with a freelance correspondent.
- Next is the editor of the rubric.
- Then the head of the department.
- After – the issuing editor.
- And then the editor-in-chief of the media.
The career ladder can be different. Also, a journalist can develop in several directions at once.
Where to look for a journalist from scratch and how to practice?
The place of work for a future journalist can be radio and television, an advertising agency or a press service of an organization, a publishing house, a magazine / newspaper editorial board, and so on.
No experience, of course, no one will take a solid organization – just a freelance correspondent. But for a start, this is very good.
First of all, a journalist must prove himself, prove himself in his work as a responsible employee.
- We also get the first experience at the faculty: practically in every university you can go through this practice.
- We do not disdain work in local magazines and newspapers.
- It will not be superfluous for the start even to work as a copywriter in an online publication.
What should a novice journalist do?
- We compile a resume and prepare a portfolio with examples of journalistic (their highest quality!) Works.
- We write several texts in different genres that will allow the employer to judge the level of professionalism, word ownership, information processing skills.
- We probe the soil in those publications where we would like to work. Even if nothing is known about vacancies. Perhaps you will be allowed to work as a freelance correspondent.
- We are looking for vacancies on the Internet and in specialized newspapers.
- Do not forget about exchanges for freelancers (this work allows you to “sharpen the style”).
And most importantly – never give up!