Red spots and irritations on the baby’s skin – first aid and necessary treatment

Red spots and irritations on the baby's skin - first aid and necessary treatment Of the most frequently observed conditions at a tender age, specialists (and mothers) give redness to the skin. Such manifestations occur at different times, are localized in different parts of the body and are accompanied by various symptoms, which, of course, worries parents.

What causes stains and how to respond to them?

10 reasons for the appearance of red spots on the baby’s skin

  • First aid for redness and irritation
  • Treatment of red spots and irritation on the baby’s skin
  • 16 reasons for the appearance of red spots and irritation on the skin of the child

    There are a lot of reasons for the appearance of redness in the fowls. Most often, the spots appear as a result of a disturbance in the food and temperature conditions, such as allergy or diathesis.

    But to wave these signs should not be – they may be symptoms of specific diseases.

    The most common reasons for the appearance of the “mysterious” red spots are as follows:

    • Avoidances in infants. This inflammation is due to excess moisture or strong friction in certain areas of the body. As a rule, in the inguinal folds, between the buttocks and armpits, behind the ears, in the neck cords, and also in the lower part of the abdomen. The degree of intertrigo may be different – from slight reddening to erectile erosion with ulcers. Symptoms – itching and burning of the skin.
    • Sweatshop . This cause of redness develops due to clogging of sweat glands and, accordingly, intense sweating in the absence of sufficient evaporation of moisture from the skin surface. Usually this process is due to a violation of thermoregulation in children.
    • Allergic reaction to foods eaten by the mother, with breastfeeding. Usually it is usually accompanied by reddening of the cheeks, as well as digestive disorders (eg, diarrhea, constipation, colic or even vomiting).
    • Atopic dermatitis . In this disease, allergic reactions to medicines and products, puffiness and redness of the cheeks and buttocks, the appearance of yellow crusts on the head and eyebrows, symmetrical redness on the hands will be manifestations of the disease (note: allergic hereditary disease). Factors provoking the disease – improper skin care, stress on the child’s psyche or acute viral infections.
    • Red spots on the hands can be the result of contact with the allergen. For example, with household chemicals, low-quality soap, etc. True, the skin on the hands can blush and because of the inflammatory nature – tonsillitis, bronchitis, and also because of fungal or bacterial infection or even liver / kidney disease.
    • Allergy. She can lie in wait for your child, even where you could not even think. The baby’s organism can react with spots on sweet fruits and chicken, on mushrooms and milk, on exotic dishes and seafood. Also, there is often a reaction to laundry, washed with a detergent powder with a high percentage of surfactants, low-quality clothes and toys made of harmful materials, etc.
    • Insect bites. Usually they are expressed by red dots, swelling at the bite site or even a serious swelling of the bite site, provided allergies are present. On the rash, of course, these spots are not similar, and they are quite easy to distinguish from other redness.
    • Chickenpox. Here the symptomatology is more clear: spots appear throughout the body in the form of a rash, and after a while blisters are formed instead of them, which are always accompanied by severe itching. Also sometimes there is a temperature and weakness. The main locations of the “location” of the rash are the inner side of the cheeks, the armpits, the areas between the fingers.
    • Measles. In this infectious (infectious!) Disease, a red rash that spreads throughout the body “merges” into entire red areas that take the wrong shape. But this happens only on the 3-4th day after the onset of the disease.He is preceded by a cough with a cold, photophobia and fever. Over time, the color of the rash becomes brown, the skin begins to peel off and sting. The period of the disease is about 2 weeks.
    • Rubella. Also infectious disease, characterized by the appearance of small red spots in a week (on average) after direct infection. In case of illness, the temperature usually does not increase (in children), the color of the spots is pink, and the areas of localization of the rash are the face and chest, and also the back. Scarlet fever (streptococcus). The causative agent occurs both by airborne droplets and through dirt (toys and clothes, unwashed vegetables). There is a fever, a characteristic pain in the throat and red spots. Areas of localization of spots – face, groin and armpits. Treat scarlet fever usually with antibiotics.
    • Erythema. In this case, the disease begins with small dots on the face, gradually forming into spots that already “migrate” to the body and limbs. The causative agent (Chamera microorganisms) penetrate into the children’s organism with air. The period of the disease is 10-14 days. It passes by itself.
    • Molluscum contagiosum. Unfortunately, this disease is often overtaken by children, and parents are practically panicking – “what is it?”. The answer is simple: a viral disease. It appears large red spots (with weakened immunity) – round balls-peas. Itching does not occur with the disease, pain is also not noted. In most cases, it passes by itself.
    • Hives . Disease hives are not considered – it is, rather, the body’s reaction. And, as a rule, allergic and accompanied by itching, with large red spots and, sometimes, their edema. Such a symptomatology can manifest itself with the usual allergies (foods, medicines, etc.), and due to serious food poisoning (in the case of the latter it is better to go to the hospital, because the main symptoms of poisoning may come a little later).
    • Roseola baby. The causative agent is herpes simplex type 6. The accompanying symptoms are the temperature and the red spots that appear after the recession of this fever. The period of illness is a week.
    • Pink lichen . This fungal infection manifests itself after swimming in the pool, after contact with the sick animal and even as a consequence of intense heat (from sweating and overheating). Sometimes accompanied by an increase in the lymph nodes of the baby and the temperature.

    First aid for redness and irritation on the skin of a child – when should I see a doctor?

    What if the baby “sprinkled” with red spots?

    Everything depends on the reason.

    In most cases, unless it is a serious medical condition, the following helps:

    • We exclude contact with allergens. We change the children’s wardrobe exclusively for natural fabrics. We buy cosmetic products only of proven brands – without irritants in the composition. We remove all the products from the diet that can cause such a reaction.
    • Regularly wash the child – every time after changing the diaper! And we bathe in the bath regularly. Help in the fight against skin irritation will help broths of herbs, added to the water when bathing . The best is the daisy, the turn.
    • Do not overheat the baby. “One hundred clothes” on a young student in a warm apartment can lead not only to redness, but also to overheating. Wear a child according to the temperature indoors and outdoors.
    • Choose free clothes for your child. Clothing should not interfere with movements and especially rub the skin.
    • Rinse thoroughly, and then iron clothes. The remains of washing powder on clothing can cause allergies, and with the help of iron you eliminate germs and bacteria from children’s underwear. In addition, ironing removes wrinkles, irregularities and roughness, which can rub the baby’s skin.
    • Do not use diapers without sharp need.
    • Use the means , reducing the risk of sweating or diaper rash.
    • Do not forget about protective creams when drying the baby skin and in frost.

    Of course, in serious cases, a bath with a string does not help. Therefore, when red patches appear, you should not delay a visit to the doctor.

    Refer to the pediatrician and dermatologist, specialists know better – than to treat redness , and what is the reason for their appearance.

    As for preparations for external use (to eliminate itching, irritation, redness), you can pay attention to …

    • Menthol oil and the drug “Bormentol” : elimination of itching, cooling and refreshing effect.
    • D-panthenol: elimination of itching, regeneration of skin, moisturizing. Ideal for babies.
    • Bepanten: is also a very good drug for the young. Healing effect, elimination of dryness, itching, rapid resolution of the irritation problem.
    • BoroPlus: removes dry skin and redness, softens, heals.
    • Fenistil-gel : removes puffiness, removes itching and irritation (note – for allergic skin reactions).
    • Zinc ointment (cheap and effective).
    • Nesulin-ointment: antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect, elimination of itching.

    обязательно If you suspect a viral infection, always call a doctor! Carrying a baby in this case is not recommended in the clinic – you can infect other kids.

    And even more so, the call of a doctor is mandatory, if noted …

    • Temperature rise.
    • Apathy and lethargy.
    • Coryza with a cough and lachrymation.
    • Severe drowsiness and headache.
    • Rash on the body, accompanied by itching.

    Features of treatment of red spots and irritation on the skin of a child

    Unlike adults, skin diseases of children are manifested a little differently. Therefore, it is important to be extremely careful not to miss on the skin puffiness, vesicles and other changes in the habitual allergic spots.

    In general, all skin problems of children can be classified by type:

    • Pustular. Accompanied by the appearance of inflamed areas and, often, the release of pus. Pathogens – streptococci and staphylococci, “abandoned” on the baby’s skin. Causes: overheating and avitaminosis, as well as disturbances in the functioning of the sweat / sebaceous glands. This can include impetigo and folliculitis, streptoderma, carbunculosis and hydradenitis.
    • Allergic. Usually provoked by specific allergens: drugs, dust and wool of animals, foods, synthetics, etc. This group can bring Lyell’s syndrome and eczema, dermatitis and urticaria.
    • Parasitic. As is clear from the name of the group, these diseases occur when the parasite infects the child. It can be lice (one of the signs is red spots on the neck) , ticks and fleas, etc. In this group, you can make demodecosis, scabies (severe itching, red points-rashes on the abdomen and hands) and pediculosis.
    • Infectious. Well, similar skin lesions are usually caused by bacteria and viruses. They flow with temperature and lack of appetite, with a painful stomach and sore throat, etc. In this group – herpes and chickenpox, meningococcal infection (the most dangerous, up to a lethal outcome!) And measles, scarlet fever and rubella, etc.

    The main steps of the mother with the appearance of red spots should be as follows:

    1. Call the doctor home if the redness is clearly not diathesis or an allergy to a new baby cream, if there are concomitant symptoms.
    2. URGENTLY call a doctor if there is a suspicion that the child has a meningococcal infection. Here you can not pull categorically: the disease develops rapidly, and up to a lethal outcome can only take a day. The most dangerous disease for crumbs is up to 1 year.Timely diagnosis of the disease and proper treatment reduce the risks to a minimum.
    3. Isolate the baby from adults (or adults from the baby) who did not suffer from rubella if there is a suspicion on it. Especially dangerous is rubella for expectant mothers (the risk of developing pathologies in the fetus).
    4. Do not lubricate with iodine and reddening / rashes until the doctor has examined them (the exact diagnosis will be extremely difficult).

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