Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke


  • Useful composition of Jerusalem artichoke
  • Treatment of earthen pear
  • Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke in cosmetology
  • Therapeutic recipes from earthen pear
  • How to grow an earthen pear
  • How to save useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke
  • Harm and contraindications

Name earthen pear the plant received because of the elongated form of tubers. In Russia it was called “the Volga turnip”. The taste of a tuber is reminiscent of a cabbage stump. The harvest, dug up in the spring, is sweeter and tastier. The tuberous surface of the root is covered with a thin skin, the weight is up to 100 g. Color white, yellow, purple, reddish. The stems of a perennial plant reach a height of 2-2.5 m. Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke are used to strengthen immunity, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, eliminate salt deposits in the joints, and in therapeutic nutrition in diabetes mellitus.

Useful composition of Jerusalem artichoke

The plant contains important amino acids:

  • Arginine , produced in sufficient quantity in a healthy adult body, but not enough in children, elderly and weakened by disease. It is often used in dietary supplements to improve muscle nutrition, stimulate immunity, strengthen the synthesis of growth hormone, rejuvenate the body and reduce the amount of fat under the skin.
  • Valine is necessary for the growth and synthesis of various tissues, improves muscle coordination, reduces sensitivity to pain, heat, cold, is useful as a remedy for depression.
  • Histidine helps the processes of tissue growth and regeneration, is part of hemoglobin, is used to treat allergies, anemia, ulcers, sufficient intake prevents hearing impairment.
  • Isoleucine , not synthesized by the body, should come with food. Participates in energy supply processes, regulates sugar levels.
  • Leucine is important to muscle tissues, increases protein synthesis, saves glucose, prevents the destruction of protein and glucose molecules.
  • Lysine , an essential amino acid, which is part of proteins, is necessary for growth processes. Stimulates the breakdown of fats, their conversion into energy.
  • Methionine helps to lower the level of cholesterol in the blood, fat deposits in the liver, relieves manifestations of depression.
  • Tryptophan reduces sensitivity to pain, stimulates the synthesis of growth hormone, important for increasing muscle mass and reducing body fat. Particularly useful for depression, frequent bad mood, sleep disorder, chronic fatigue syndrome.
  • Phenylalanine is involved in the synthesis of thyroxine, the hormone of the thyroid gland. Amino acid is necessary for the synthesis of endorphins, “hormones of happiness.”

Jerusalem artichoke is useful property to prevent and eliminate the shortage of the following trace elements:

Potassium contained in cells. Deficiency of potassium causes neuralgia. Especially intensively the microelement leaves the body during vomiting, diarrhea, with sweat, when treated with diuretics;

Calcium , its deficiency increases the risk of osteoporosis; in infancy, it becomes the cause of rickets;

Manganese , affecting growth, the function of blood formation, the activity of the gonads;

Magnesium , involved in the exchange reactions, regulating the transmission of nerve impulses, muscle contraction;

<style , its deficiency arises from the abuse of diets, starvation, the use of diuretics, frequent sweating, excessive fluid intake. In the case of a shortage of a microelement lose weight, in the intestine gases are formed, there are muscle cramps;

Iron , which stimulates the processes of respiration and is part of the hemoglobin.Deficiency is manifested by anemia (anemia);

Silicon , involved in the life-support of the body. The microelement accelerates the oxidation-reduction reactions, ultimately affecting the level of hemoglobin. It is necessary to prevent the development of atherosclerosis, impaired bone strength. Meat food slows down the absorption of silicon, plant enhances.

As is known, potassium and sodium are antagonists, the excess of the intake of one trace element causes a deficit of the other. In case of a deficiency of potassium, edema, ascites (dropsy) are formed. Inclusion in the Jerusalem artichoke recovers balance. For the early achievement of the result, it is necessary to abandon the habit of salting food.

Jerusalem artichoke is useful as part of inulin . This fructose polymer belongs to carbohydrates. With the regular use of fresh ground pear in the colon, the amount of bifidobacteria that produce vitamins necessary for the body and suppresses the pathogenic microflora- staphylococcus , enterococci , shigella , salmonella увеличивается, increases. In one tuber of Jerusalem artichoke, up to 20% of inulin.

Jerusalem artichoke is useful in eliminating vitamin deficiency. According to the content of vitamin C, the ground pear exceeds the potato 3-5 times. Root is rich in vitamins of group B:

  • B1 is necessary for heart health, digestive and nervous system;
  • B2 is important for optimal thyroid function, reproductive function;
  • B3 (nicotinic acid) promotes the absorption of vitamin C;
  • B5 is necessary for the production of hemoglobin, the production of cholesterol, metabolic processes;
  • B6 also participates in the production of hemoglobin, the transfer of nerve impulses between neurons and muscle tissue.
  • B7 (biotin), takes part in the regulation of protein and fat metabolism, the production of the enzyme glucokinase .

Mechanically cleansing the intestinal surface of the intestine, water-soluble fiber and Jerusalem artichoke food fibers are useful in reducing cholesterol in the blood, preventing constipation, preventing the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, and reducing the risk of cholelithiasis.

It is known that cellulose is not digested and is excreted from the body, capturing harmful substances. Nutrition, rich in plant fibers, quickly causes a sense of satiety, does not allow overeating. With insufficient intake of fiber increases the risk of gastritis, pancreatitis, malignant tumors.

Treatment of earthen pear

Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

Healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke are especially useful for those suffering from diabetes mellitus . Root crop effectively meets the need for carbohydrates and does not increase the level of glucose in the serum, stimulates the production of insulin by the pancreas.

Recipes from Jerusalem artichoke with diabetes and metabolic disorders:

  • Rub and take 30-40 g of tubers before meals for a month.
  • Fresh tubers should be washed, finely chopped, dried and grinded. Take every day for 1 hour. powder before meals 2 times a day.
  • Clean and finely chop fresh roots, brew with boiling water, pour on the water bath for 15-20 minutes. To drink 1 liter during the day, to be healed in a day. The broth is effective for metabolic disorders, overweight.

Jerusalem artichoke helps with cardiovascular diseases . Regularly taking fresh root crops, it is possible to prevent atherosclerosis, the formation of thrombi, to reduce manifestations of hypertension, tachycardia, ischemic disease.

  • The healing properties of decoction from Jerusalem artichoke are useful in hypertension. Brew 250 g of chopped tubers with half a liter of water, soak in a water bath for 15 minutes, allow to cool, drain. Take half a glass 2-3 times a day.

The use of Jerusalem artichoke prevents the formation of .

Jerusalem artichoke eliminates the heartburn , the useful properties of the vegetable reduce the acidity of the gastric juice, promote the removal of inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and stomach.

The healing properties of an earthen pear due to a rich vitamin-mineral composition help <style style

                      . flowers in 3 cups of boiling water, insist 6-8 hours, strain. Take half a cup for half an hour before meals.
                    • To cleanse blood from acid salts, it is useful to take 100mg of juice earthen pear half an hour after eating.

                    Jerusalem artichoke is useful property to eliminate salt deposits in the joints . For the preparation of a medicinal preparation, prepare up to 2 kg of fresh crushed leaves and stems or 1 kg of raw tubers. Pour water, half an hour, boil in a large saucepan over low heat, strain. Broth pour into a filled bath with a water temperature of 37-40C.

                    The procedure lasts 15 minutes. After lying down for 1-2 hours. After 20 sessions, performed once a day, make a two-week break and continue treatment.

                    Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke in cosmetology

                    Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

                    Kashitza from earthen pear effectively removes irritation and inflammation of the skin, helps to cope with acne, eliminates wrinkles, treats eczema, wounds, burns. Useful substances of earthen pear effectively clean the pores, making the skin look much younger.

                    To get rid of vitiligo it is useful inside and outside to consume fresh Jerusalem artichoke.

                    Recipes of cosmetic masks using the useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke:

                    • To eliminate the flabbiness of the skin, to wipe the face with diluted juice root for the night.
                    • If the skin is oily, rub root vegetable , add half a spoonful honey , apply the slurry for 20 minutes, rinse with warm water. The mask is applied every other day, to achieve the effect, up to 20 masks are required.
                    • In case of dry skin, the prescription remains the same, but a half-spoonful of olive oil is added. After 20 minutes, rinse with warm, warm tea . After 5-10 minutes, wipe the skin with a piece of ice and rinse off the rest of the tea with boiled water. To achieve the cosmetic effect, make 20 masks.

                    Medicinal recipes from the earthen pear

                    Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

                    The root vegetable is tasty and useful in raw or cooked form. It is used in all kinds of salads, stew, boil, fry, bake, marinate.

                    Recipes :

                      • Cut 200g leaf lettuce , rub 2-3 root vegetables ground pear , add 2-3 hard-boiled eggs , 3-4 p.w. low-fat sour cream . Serve chilled.
                      • Pair of tubers coarse, add finely chopped dill , parsley , refill with vegetable oil .
                      • Coarse rub carrots , chop onion , fry mixture in vegetable oil, mix with two finely ground root crops Jerusalem artichoke , add crushed parsley . Refill with vegetable oil .

                      A lot of useful properties have juice from Jerusalem artichoke . It has a diuretic, laxative, choleretic, antitumor, wound-healing and restorative effect, normalizes weight.

                      Fresh juice is treated with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, gastritis with high acidity, constipation, hepatitis, edema, insomnia, arrhythmia. Useful composition is half diluted with water and take half a cup for half an hour before meals. You can add apple, carrot or beet juice.

                      How to grow an earthen pear

                      Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

                      For a high yield, the soil should not be acidified. The plant needs sufficient watering, although it does not like waterlogging and easily tolerates drought.

                      The powerful root system penetrates to a considerable depth, practically does not deplete the soil and allows growing tubers in one place for decades.

                      Once in five years, manure is introduced between the rows in autumn, and in the fall after digging out the yield, nitrogen, potash, phosphoric fertilizers are calculated at a rate of 10 g per 1 m 2.

                      Dry root crops before planting moisturize, lowering for a couple of days into the water.

                      Plant planted in spring or autumn. In each well, 3 small and 2 medium tubers are laid, humus sovoch is added. The depth of the hole is up to 15cm, in the spring 10cm is enough. In addition, in the spring you can use the eyes. In autumn it is better to use one-piece planting material.

                      Approximately in mid-May sprouts appear. By the end of June, the stem reaches a height of a meter, densely obscuring the soil. The lack of sun does not allow weeds to grow, so weeding is not required. As a rule, gardeners and gardeners plant a Jerusalem artichoke for tubers, these varieties rarely grow above two meters.

                      The useful property of Jerusalem artichoke to give thickets is used to create a living fence around the site, better from the north side, so as not to obscure other plants. High greenery closes from prying eyes, serves as wind protection to other garden and garden plants.

                      In the autumn, the stem and leaves die. There are still tubers in the ground. Differing frost resistance up to -40С, in the spring they give seedlings. The plant is practically not sick. Sometimes the crop left in the soil for the winter may suffer from mice.

                      By October, the maximum of medicinal substances is accumulated in Jerusalem artichoke, so the greens are removed as late as possible.

                      How to preserve the useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

                      Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke

                      The crop, peppered with a layer of sand, is stored in dry pits or a cellar at a temperature of +1 .. + 2C. In the refrigerator storage period is 1-2 months. The damaged tuber quickly deteriorates.

                      Some for the storage of the harvest dig a pit, the bottom is lined with burlap. Tubers from 5-7cm of the trunk are placed in one layer, the top is again covered with burlap, sprinkle with greens, stems, ground with a layer 20 cm thick or larger.

                      Tubers get out by slightly bending the protective layer.

                      Harm and contraindications

                      It is not necessary to eat fresh tubers with a tendency to flatulence, as a useful root vegetable increases gas production.

                      With a tendency to meteorism, it is more useful to eat Jerusalem artichoke in boiled, stewed form, although heat treatment reduces the useful properties of the vegetable.

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