- Where the quince grows
- What is useful in the fruits of quince
- The benefits of quince
- Useful recipes for the treatment of the heart and blood vessels
- Recipes for improving the digestive system
- Treatment of quince cough, throat and lung diseases
- Recipe for a diuretic tea
- Haemostatic properties of quince
- External application
- How to procure seeds
- Harm and contraindications
The fruit has a pleasant aroma, the taste is sweet and sour. From it they prepare medicinal juice, compote, jam. Slices for flavor put in tea. Useful properties of quince were also noted by Avicenna. A well-known healer recommended taking it with honey for stomach diseases and liver disorders.
Where the quince grows
It is believed that the countries of the Mediterranean – Hellas and Ancient Rome – the plant is imported from the Caucasus. Some species of shrub reach a height of 5 meters.
Cultivated in our country variety Japanese low not higher than a meter, and Japanese high does not exceed three meters.
The plant tolerates frosts well up to -30С, differs drought resistance, prefers plenty of light. Flowering begins after the end of spring frosts.
Gives a plentiful harvest every year. Fruiting begins with the second-third year. Fruits are not large, yellow or orange, the shape resembles pears or apples. Depending on the type, the fruit taste is sour or sweetish-tender, astringent and astringent. Fruits have a pleasant aroma.
What is useful in the fruits of quince
The fruit is useful high content potassium , phosphorus , calcium. In addition, the composition includes magnesium , sodium , iron , selenium , copper .
Sufficient intake of potassium is necessary to activate a number of enzymes. Deficiency of potassium leads to a shortage of nutrition cells, worsens the activity of muscles, including cardiac, violates the water-salt balance. Often, fatigue occurs, kidneys suffer, blood pressure rises, prerequisites for erosion of the stomach and intestinal mucosa, diabetes mellitus are created. The skin becomes dry, the hair is weak and dull, the wounds heal worse. In case of a violation of the balance of potassium and sodium, infertility may occur.
Phosphorus requires the activity of the brain and muscles. Increased fatigue, muscle pains, weakness often signal a phosphorus deficiency. Lack of this element is noted in patients with alcoholism, with certain liver diseases.
<Calcium is important for the functioning of the nervous system, skin, muscle and bone tissue. For the transition of calcium into bone tissue, motor activity is necessary.
The ripe fruit covers the daily requirement of the organism in iron and copper . This combination is especially useful for the optimal function of hematopoiesis, prevention and treatment of anemia .
Iron deficiency can be indicated not only by anemia, but also inflammatory changes in the mucosa in the mouth, nose, esophagus, the presence of chronic gastroduodenitis, weakened immunity. After the normalization of the iron level, a chronic runny nose , which lasted for several years, often stops by itself.
Copper is necessary for cellular respiration, the formation of connective tissue, the production of female sex hormones, as well as thyroid hormone thyroxine . In case of copper deficiency iron is worse absorbed, hemopoiesis is broken, hypothyroidism develops, the probability of disease increases, bronchial asthma , menstrual function нару is disrupted.
Aiva is useful in the form of vitamins A, B1 ( thiamine ), B2 ( riboflavin ), B3 ( nicotinic acid ), B5 ( pantothenic acid ), B6 ( pyridoxine ).In addition, the fruits are high in vitamin C ( ascorbic acid ), it is five times larger than oranges or lemons.
Compared to apples in quince, 10 times the content of vitamin P ( flavonoids ). In combination with ascorbic acid, flavonoids significantly reduce the fragility and permeability of capillaries.
Fruits are rich lemon , apple and tartaric acids. Especially a lot of citric acid.
A characteristic aroma of fruit is given to essential oils, in a significant amount they are contained in the skin.
In the pulp of quince mass pectin and tannins , important for the prevention of health of the digestive system. These substances are useful property to provide anti-inflammatory, hemostatic and fixative action.
Use of quince
листья Leaves, fruits and seeds are used for prevention and treatment. Of course, it is more useful to use quince or its juice in fresh form. Of the fruits are prepared jam, compote, jelly, pastille, marmalade, although after heat treatment some of the useful properties are lost. Some add it to tea instead of lemon.
For prevention colds , eliminating vitamin deficiency it is useful to eat in a season every day 2-3 quinces with honey. You can prepare juice, also using it with honey. It is believed that adding to the juice vinegar promotes the appearance of appetite.
Fruits are used as an anti-emetinal remedy of natural origin.
Useful recipes for the treatment of heart and blood vessels
Infusion of quince fruits has long been used in folk medicine for vascular rehabilitation, prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
Due to the high content of rutoside , which has P-vitamin activity, quince is useful in eliminating the fragility of capillaries , reducing the coagulability of blood. The use of fruits prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of blood vessels, prevents the development of hypertensive disease.
Essential oils included in the peel contribute to the elimination of spasm of the blood vessels of the brain. You can finely chop the fruits into small pieces and inhale the fragrance for a while.
железо Iron and copper contained in the pulp of quince are useful in contributing to the elimination of iron deficiency. Therefore, fruit is especially useful for pregnant women, sportsmen, the elderly, children in the period of intensive growth, workers of intellectual labor and engaged in heavy physical labor.
Recipes for improving the digestive system
Thanks to pectins , water-soluble fiber, quince benefits, effectively cleaning the intestinal walls from harmful substances. Particularly useful are the absorbing properties of fruits when living in an area with an unfavorable ecology.
Pulp is useful for normalizing the digestive system in the case of a loose stool, it helps to evacuate products of putrefaction and fermentation from the intestines. In addition, the separation of bile intensifies, which helps to lower the level of cholesterol.
Quince seeds are characterized by a high content of mucus swelling in the water. In addition, they contain fatty oils , glycerin , starch , tannins .
Tannins have an anti-inflammatory effect, help to cope with a loose stool. Used in the diet, the infusion of seeds reduces the inflammation of the intestinal mucosa.
To soften the mucosa it is useful to prepare the following infusion:
- Brew 1g seeds with a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour. Take half a cup for 30 minutes before eating.
Recipe for mucus that envelops the walls of the intestine and stomach:
- Pour 1g of seeds 20ml of warm water and vigorously shake for 5-10 minutes until mucus is formed. Take 10ml after eating.
Juice juice also has enveloping, astringent, anti-inflammatory, choleretic properties.
Treatment of quince, throat and lung diseases
In addition to enveloping properties, quince has an expectorant effect that is useful in case of colds, dry cough.
When treating cough , acute respiratory infections should be brewed leaves or seeds of quince. Mucus, obtained from seeds, envelops and soothes irritated throat, promotes expectoration. Infusion of seeds take 1 tsp. half an hour after a meal, it is a part of many folk remedies for the treatment of bronchitis.
эфи Essential oils contained in the peel of fruit have antimicrobial effect, prevent the spread of infection.
For treatment of bronchitis , bronchial asthma also applies juice of quince. If there are no contraindications, it is taken half a cup for half an hour before meals.
Recipe for diuretic tea
The fruit has a diuretic effect, therefore it is useful in case of hypertension . Fruits are also used to reduce swelling.
- A mixture of seeds (30 g) and leaves (30 g) brew with a glass of boiling water, simmer over low heat for 5 minutes, insist in a closed dish for 5 hours, drain. Take half a cup 3-4 times a day.
Hemostatic properties of quince
Useful plant seeds are successfully used as a hemostatic during women’s days.
- Brew a glass of boiling water 1g of seeds, simmer on 5 minutes slowly, insist and strain. Take 3-4 times a day.
In order to prevent bleeding, it is useful to add finely chopped pieces of fruit to the tea instead of the lemon.
Quince leaf extract strengthens the hair, helps restore the natural shade when early graying occurs.
The mucus of seeds is used to eliminate irritation and inflammation of the skin, as an emollient. In addition, the infusion is successfully used in case of burns.
Lotions with a warm infusion of quince are useful property to heal hemorrhoidal cracks in the anus. With a similar purpose, poultices are used from pulp or diluted juice.
How to procure seeds
Quince seeds have a lot of useful properties, they should not be thrown away. For storage for a long time they are dried at a temperature of +40 .. + 50C. The readiness is determined by the appearance around the seeds of a characteristic whitish film.
Store medicinal raw materials in a dark place in a closed container.
Harm and contraindications
Despite a number of useful properties, quince in some cases can harm the health.
- Before brewing seeds, make sure that they are not damaged. They should not be crushed, gnawed. Included in the seeds amygdalin , especially under the influence of vitamin C, can cause poisoning.
- To avoid irritation of the mucosa, it is worth noting the intake of juice and fresh fruits with peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
- Taking fruit or seeds can be harmful in case of chronic constipation.
- It is not necessary to be treated by a quince with pleurisy .
- According to some reports, the fruits can cause some damage to the larynx and vocal cords.