Why the stomach hurts – 12 main causes of gastric spasms

Why the stomach hurts - 12 main causes of gastric spasms Each of us encountered severe spasms in the stomach – after too much dinner, from hunger and taking medication, from severe stress, etc. Usually we do not react to such pains: we swallow No-shpa to remove spasms and run on to live on . And to the doctor we address only when the pains become permanent, and the medicines from them are no longer being saved.

What you need to know about, and how to act? What are gastric spasms – classification

  • Causes of spasms in the stomach
  • What to do with spasms in the stomach?

  • Diagnosis of stomach diseases
  • What can appoint a doctor? What are gastric spasms – the classification of pain in the stomach

    According to the reasons, conditionally in medicine, gastric spasms are divided into …

    • Organic. These are signs of certain diseases of the digestive tract. For example, gastritis or usually following (if untreated) gastroduodenitis. Also, the causes may be in changes in the gastric mucosa or intestine. In this case, in addition to these characteristics, they are also felt accompanying them.
    • Functional. Developed when the nerves are broken, leading to different parts of the stomach. The development of such spasms occurs after smoking and stress, VSD, food allergy and alcohol abuse, poisoning and neuroses, hypothermia and eating disorders.

    Why the stomach hurts - 12 main causes of gastric spasms

    Causes of spasms in the stomach – why do stomach pains and spasms appear?

    If you still think that spasms in the stomach are nothing and are treated by No-shpa (or mantra “everything will pass in the morning”), it will be helpful for you to know that they can be a symptom of one of the gastrointestinal diseases.

    Which will bring a lot of problems in the future, if you do not get treatment in time.

    For example …

    • Acute appendicitis. Among the signs in the initial period – usually cramps in the epigastric region. Then they move to the right side of the abdomen (note – sometimes on the left). The accompanying signs – a violation of the general condition and vomiting, acute pain.
    • Acute gastritis. Its development occurs after a power failure. Spasms strong enough, “folding in half.” May be accompanied by vomiting or nausea (moreover, they do not bring relief).
    • Intestinal colic. Here, in addition to spasms, there are also desires for defecation. The general condition thus does not suffer especially, but after defecation it is much easier.
    • Irritable bowel syndrome. And in this situation, spasms also localize in the stomach area, but not intense. Related symptoms: bloated stomach, diarrhea and slimy stools. In general, there are usually no violations.
    • Biliary colic. As a rule, the place of pain localization is the right hypochondrium, but pain can be felt and “under the spoon”. Development of colic occurs after “fatty and fried”. Concomitant symptoms: pain in the shoulder and / or in the right shoulder blade, fever, vomiting and bitterness in the mouth, the presence of a “bitter” eructation, etc.
    • Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. The main site of pain localization is the lower abdomen, but the stomach area is also spasmodic. Concomitant symptoms: frequent urge to defecate (note – up to 10 r / day), mucus and blood in the stool.
    • Acute pancreatitis . Development occurs after a violation of diet (a failure in diet, alcohol) and, as a result, a sharp increase in pancreatic / juice production and clogging of the gland duct. In this case, very severe pains in the stomach can be noted, which is given to the left (as a rule) clavicle, back or shoulder blade, diarrhea, nausea / vomiting, subfebrile condition.
    • Stomach ulcer. In the case of peptic ulcer, the pain is noted after eating disorders (note: too cold / hot food, spicy and fried, etc.)) – very painful and after some time passing independently. Of the accompanying symptoms, it can be noted “sour” eructation and heartburn.
    • Poisoning (intestinal infection ). In addition to acute pain in the stomach (and other areas of the abdomen), there may be mucus greenish stools (note – sometimes with blood veins), severe general condition, vomiting and fever.

    Also spasms may appear in the following cases:

    • Postponed stress or a person’s event, which is very disturbing to a person. If a person is mild and emotional, then in a state of “on an empty stomach” emotions can easily respond with spasms. The duration of the attack in this case (and in the absence of hunger) is up to several hours.
    • The last trimester of pregnancy. As you know, during this period all the internal organs of the future mother are compressed by the uterus, and, in addition to stomach cramps, there may also be heartburn and flatulence that appear after eating.
    • First trimester of pregnancy. At this time, pain and spasms can be the cause of a sharp increase in the level of progesterone, which in turn affects, in addition to the uterus and stomach, the development of toxicosis and stress.


    Do not self-diagnose! The consequences of ill-considered independent treatment can be deplorable: while you are treating a “found” gastritis (which “suits” you according to symptoms, according to information from the Internet) potato juice and herbs, you can develop a very real stomach ulcer.

    Therefore, do not pick up symptoms on the Internet, do not self-medicate and immediately go to a specialist. Even serious diseases can be cured while they are at an early stage.

    Why the stomach hurts - 12 main causes of gastric spasms

    What to do with spasms in the stomach – independent action with gastric pain

    It is clear that getting to the doctor immediately as the pain begins, it is almost impossible (unless the pain is so strong that you have to call an ambulance ) – you need to make an appointment, wait for your turn, etc.

    What to do when the spasms are now, and the doctor is still far away?

    • Calm down . The more nervous you are, the stronger your stomach will ache. This body is the leader among all organs that suffer from our psychosis and hysterics, because often the causes of such pains are psychosomatic.
    • Relieve the pain . That is, take a certain analgesic drug. For example, Almagel, Gastal, spasmalgon, etc.
    • Restore the fluid level to relax the muscle fibers that provoke spasm (by the way, the common valerian helps many from spasms). It is better to drink Essentuki without gases or, for want of such, a solution of salt (for 1 liter of water – 1 h / l of normal salt).
    • Urgent to go on a diet. Not on the “buckwheat-kefir” or apple, but on a diet that is indicated by a sick gastritis. It is better to eat nothing at all, but to drink sweet tea (maximum dry biscuits). Stihshaya pain – no reason again to throw on fried meat, soda and a sharp salad from grandmother’s “sunset”: change the diet completely!

    Diagnosis of stomach diseases – to which doctor to apply?

    Understand the real cause of spasms, no matter how much you like, you still can not without the help of a professional doctor. Therefore go on consultation to the therapist, neurologist and gastroenterologist .

    You will most likely be diagnosed with the following:

    • General blood test.
    • Laparoscopy.
    • FGD procedure (note – and Helicobacter pylori test).
    • Coprogram.
    • Bacterial / stool examination.
    • US of the abdominal cavity.

    Why the stomach hurts - 12 main causes of gastric spasms

    What can a doctor prescribe for gastric pain and spasms?

    Prescription of medicines occurs after complete and qualitative diagnosis and clarification of the exact cause of spasms.

    It should be noted that if the cause is in one of the diseases listed above, then the treatment will take several months and up to several years.

    Usually the doctor prescribes …

    • Means for pain relief (note – antispasmodics).
    • Drugs to reduce acidity of the stomach / juice.
    • Complex treatment (with ulcers, gastritis, erosion, etc.).
    • Eradication therapy (when Helicobacter pylori is detected).
    • Rigid diet for at least 2-3 months.
    • Changing the sleep / rest mode – for resting the nervous system.

    If the spasms are repeated regularly for 2-4 weeks, then do not delay the visit to the doctor !

    Take care of your nerves – and stay healthy!

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